Wars of History


Date Wars of the World 1,000's Dead

13,000 B.C. Evidence of war along Egypt’s Nile River Dallas Morning News 9/16/03 p.16A

10,000 B.C. Spotty evidence of war Dallas Morning News 9/16/03 p.16A

2900 B.C. Kish of Sumer builds his empire

2775-2650 BC. Khasekhemwy reunites Egypt & fights Nubia

2750 B.C. Gilgamesh of Uruk forges his Empire in Mesopotamia

2700 B.C. Enmebargesi of Kish defeats Elam

2670/2600 B.C. Mesannepadda of Ur defeats Agga of Kish in Mesopotamia

Upper Egypt Conquers Lower Egypt & Kush

2500 BC King Mesilim conquers Sumer

~1500 B.C. Los Millaraes, Spain destroyed

2450 B.C. King Eannatum of Lagash defeats Umma.

2405 B.C. Gilgamesh wages his battles in Mesopotamia

2400 B.C. Troy destroyed for second time in Anatolia

2400 B.C. Eannatum of Lagash attacks Elam

2375 B.C. Lugalzaggesi of Umma defeats Lagash, killing 20 heaps 1K?) + 3.6

2360 B.C. King Lugalzaggesi of Umma, Sumer

2355-2279 BC. Sargon I (the Great), 34 battles

2350 B.C. Sargon of Agade/Akkad conquers Elam

2300 B.C. Hittites come to Anatolia (Asia Minor) 50

2300 B.C. Amorites conquer Syria and Palestine

2300 B.C. Jericho and Et-tell destroyed in Palestine

2280 B.C. Elam invades Babylonia. Oldest known treaty

-2100 B.C. Gutians conquer Sumer in Mesopotamia

2150 B.C. Gebal (Byblos) sacked probably by Amorites

2126 B.C. Elamites conquer Isin in Sumeria

2100- B.C. Ur-Nammu of Ur begins his conquests

2100 B.C. Egypt retakes Nubia

~2100 B.C. Chinese Hsia Dynasty begins

~2050 B.C. Shulgi of Ur captures Babylon

2006/2004/1950BC Ur (40K-180K-300K) destroyed by Elamites 60

~2000 B.C. Amorites conquer Asshur, Babylon, other cities

~1900 B.C. Babylonians, Larsa, and Elam fight Canaanites

1900 B.C. Byblos burned in northern Lebanon

mid 18th Ishbi-Dagon of Isin drove Elamites out of Ur

mid 18th Turukku tribe of Hurrians fight Mari

1790 B.C. Rim-Sin of Larsa conquers the city of Isin in Mesopotamia

1776 B.C. Sekhemkare and Egyptians defeat Nubians

1765-1764 BC. Hammurapi conquers Elam in southwestern Iran

1763-1762 BC. Hammurapi conquers Mari, Eshnunna, Larsa-Isin

1761-1760 BC. Akkadians conquer Assyrians Hammurapi/Ishme-Dagon I

~1750 B.C. First Shang Emperor Tang takes over decadent Xia

1749/1712 Elamites attack Babylon

~1701 B.C. Hittites fight in Anatolia (Asia Minor)

1700/1640 BC. Hyksos and their chariots conquer Egypt

1650 B.C. Shechem destroyed in Palestine

1631 B.C. Cushites conquer Wawat in Sudan

1630 B.C. Cushites raid Egypt

1600-1581 BC. Kashku fight Hittites

~1600-~1193 Kashku fight Hittites

1590 B.C. Hittites sack Babylon

1573/55-1540 Kamose starts to overthrow Hyksos in Egypt

1570 B.C. Kassites conquer Babylon

1550 B.C. Egyptians complete driving out Hyksos

1544-1543 BC. Egytptians conquer part of Nubia

1529 B.C. Kushites fight among themselves

4/1529-9/10/1529 Thutmose conquers Nubia

1504-1492 BC. Pharaoh Thutmosis I's campaigns

1500 B.C. Egypt destroys Debir, Hazor, Jericho, others in Palestine

1500 B.C. First house burned in San Jose Mogote in Oaxaca Dal. Morn. News 9/16/03 p.16A

~1500 B.C. Maltese Temple Cult Culture destroyed

~1500-1450 BC Aryans destroy Harappans in India and Pakistan 1000

~~1490 Thutmose I captures Kerma in Nubia

1485 B.C. Thutmose III of Egypt captures Arvad in Phoenicia

1483-1437 BC. Thutmose III of Egypt 17 campaigns - Napoleon of Egypt

1483/1468 BC. @Megiddo Thutmose III defeats Canaanites 0.083

c.1454 B.C. Qadesh revolts from Egypt

~1450 B.C. Mycenaean Greeks destroy Minoans on Crete 500

~1446 B.C. Egyptian army drowns in the Red Sea

~1440 B.C. Amalekites defeat Israelites

1424 B.C. @Kurukshetra Bharata battle (Krishna) in Mahabharata

1401 B.C. Joshua defeats Bashan in Transjordan

~1400-1100 BC 1 Shang battle in China 2.656

1400-1362 BC. Joshua's Conquest of Canaan 600

1390 B.C. @Takshasila Aryans defeat Takshaka (or West) Nagas

1386 B.C. Egyptians fight Nubians under Amenhotep III

1385-1325 BC. Shubbiluliuma enourages fighting in Palestine

1382 Cushan-Rishathaim of Aram Naharaim subjugates Israel

1374/1373 Othniel son of Kenax defeats Aramaeans

1370 B.C.? Danites destroy Laish in Palestine

1366 B.C. Suppiluliuma defeats Mitanni

~1360/1250 BC Israel vs. Benjamin (Judges 20) 90.13

1340 B.C. Hittites conquer Kizzuwatna

~1335 B.C. Shamgar vs. Philistines 0.6

~1335 B.C. Israel vs. Hazor 2.7

~1334 B.C. Eglon of Moab defeats Israel 10

1324-1264 BC. Shang Emperor Wu Ding against Gui and Wei

1318 B.C. Pharoah Seti I conquers Galilee and Phoenicia

1316 B.C. Ehud of Israel defeats Eglon of Moab

~1310 B.C. Hittites defeat Arzawa

1300 B.C. Pharoah Seti I burns Hazor

1300 B.C. San Jose Mogota in Oxaca defensive wooden stakes Dal. Morn. News 9/16/03 p.16A

1298 B.C. Rameses II conquers Phoenicia

1295-1292 BC. Shang Emp. Wuding conquers Xia Zhu, Guifang & Tufang

5/1285/1286 BC. @Kadesh 20K Egypt vs. 19.5K Hittites tie 13

1286-1297 BC. Hittites and Egyptians fight

1280 B.C. Egyptians sack Ashkelon

1265-1235 Shalmaneser I destroys Mitanni

1257 B.C. Jabin of Hazor subdues Israel

1250 B.C. Pylos destroyed

1250 B.C. "Thrusa" people try to invade Egypt under Pharaoh Merenptah

~1250 B.C. Israel destroys most of Midian 120

1250-1200 BC. Four other Palestinian cities captured or destroyed

1243 B.C.- Assyrians defeat Nairi

1237 B.C. Deborah and Barak defeat Jaabin of Hazor

1230 B.C. Lachish destroyed

1201 B.C. Debir Destroyed

~1227 B.C. Jephthah & Israel vs. Ephraimites 42

1225 B.C. Assyrian Tukulti-Ninurta captures Babylon

mid 11th Assyria & Elam defeat Kassite Kashtiliash

4/15/1220 BC. Egypt & Libya 6 hour battle 13K Libyans killed 16

1216 B.C. Deborah and Barak defeat Hazor

1208 B.C. Revolt in Assyria, Tukulti-Ninurta slain

1205 B.C. Sea peoples attack Sidon

1204-1000 BC. Frequent fighting in Assyrian Empire

1204-1192 BC. @Troy Homer’s Trojan War

1202 B.C. Barbarians overrun Crete

1201 B.C. Hattusa razed in Asia Minor

1200 B.C. Philistines enter Canaan in force

c.1200 B.C. Philistines sack Sidon. Some refugees build Tyre.

1199 Midianites oppress Israelites

1199-1150 BC. Dorian Greeks conquer Aegean

1196 B.C. Rameses III drives back Sea Peoples

1191 B.C. Gideon and Israelites defeat Midian

1190 B.C. Hittites Sea Battle off Cyprus

1190 Hattusas sacked in Anatolia

1189-1179 BC. First Egyptian-Libyan War

1185 B.C. Egyptians defeat Sea Peoples at the mouth of the Nile

1183-1173 BC. Second Egypt-Libyan War

1182 B.C. Phrygians destroy Amisus (Samsun)

1180 B.C. Ugarit is destroyed

1169 B.C. Gideon defeats Midianites

1155 B.C. Shutruk-Nahhunte of Elam destroys Kassite army

1153 B.C. Elamite Shutruk-Nahhunte-I captures Babylon

~1151 B.C. Battle of Ten Kings in India 6

1150 B.C. Philistines sack Sidon

1140 B.C. Barbarians drive out Dorians

~1149 B.C. Abimelech killed in Israelite Civil War

1140-1000 BC. Dorians overrun Mycenae Greeks

1125 B.C. Assyrians try to attack Nebuchadnezzar I

1120 B.C. Tiglath Pileser defeats Mushki

1116 B.C. Assyrians fight off northern attackers

~1105-1000 BC Philistines vs. Israel (Judges 13, 1 Sam 4:11) 30

~1100-800 B.C. Violent Dark Age in Greece - no writing

~1100 B.C. Dorian Greeks invade Mycenae

~1100 B.C. @Chaoge (or Muye) Zhou destroy Di-xin of Shang

~1100 B.C. Abimelech vs. Shechem (Judges 9:49) 1

~1100 B.C. Samson kills Philistines 4

Israel vs. Arameans and Ammon-2Sam 10:18) 47

1115-1077 Tiglath Pileser and Assyrians wage 27 Campaigns

1087 B.C. Jephthah defeats Philistines and Ammonites

c.1046-1027 B.C. Zhou destroy the Shang Empire in China

1003 B.C. David captures Jerusalem

1002 B.C. @Han River King Zhao of Zhou dies on campaign

~1000 B.C. Battle in the Mahabharata

1000 B.C. Chou defeat Shang in China

~998 B.C. Israel under David vs. Moab 10

~997 B.C. Israel Civil War Absalom -2Sam 18:7 20

969 B.C. Egypt sacks Gezer as Solomon’s wedding present

~951 B.C. Hiram of Tyre subjugates Tityans

950/945 B.C. Libyan Shishaq takes Egyptian throne

926 B.C. Shishak of Egypt invades Judah

>926 B.C. Jeroboam/Abijah Israel/Judah fight 500

918 B.C. Shishak destroys Taanach

911-894 B.C. Assyrian Adad Nirari II campaigns

909 B.C. @Gibbethon Israelites besiege Philistines

900 B.C. San Lorenzo, Mexico destroyed by revolt

897 B.C. Ethball overthrows Phelles in Tyre

889-886 B.C. Assyrian Tukulti Ninurta II campaigns

884/3-878 B.C. Assyrian Ashurnasirpal II campaigns

866 B.C. Assyrian Ashurnasirpal II campaigns

865 B.C. Assyrian Shalmaneser III conquers Kar Kalmaneser

860 B.C. Biainili (Urartu) is unified

859-824 B.C. Assyrian Shalmaneser III has 32 campaigns

858 B.C. Assyrian Ashurnasirpal II campaigns

858 B.C. Assyria fights Urartu

857 B.C. Attacked Bit-Adini (Eden)

857 B.C. Assyrians capture Carchemish

856 B.C. Assyria fights Urartu

853 B.C. @Qarqar Assyrians vs. coalition tie

850-841 B.C. Assyrians fight Aramaeans

850 B.C. Assyria besieges Gannanatu

9th Century Hasanlu of Urartu burned

843 B.C. Assyria sacks Allabria,Parsua,Abdadani,Khaban,Namri

841 B.C. Assyrians fight Hazael; fail to take Damascus

841 B.C. Jehu rebels and kills the kings of Israel and Judah

841 B.C. Assyrian defeats Parasca

839 B.C. Assyria campaigns in Cilicia

836 B.C. Assyrians fight Zagros Mountains tribes

836/835 B.C. Near Hamadan Shalmaneser III defeats Medes

835 B.C. Assyria sacks Shalmnas

832 B.C. @Arsanies Assyrians defeat Urartu

832 B.C. Shalmaneser III captures Tarshish

831 B.C. Patinu rebels from Assyria

830-827 B.C. Assyria fights Urartu

828 B.C. Assyrians fight against Urartu & sacks Musasin

826-820 B.C. Assyrian rebellion

824-805 B.C. Urartu Empire expands

809 B.C. Assyria fights Media

808 BCC. Assyrians fight Guzanu

807-806 B.C. Assyrians fight Mannaeans

806 B.C. Assyrian Adad-Nirari III sacks Arpad in Syria

804-733 B.C. Further Urartu conquests

c.806-804 B.C. Zakir of Hamath and Luash fight Damascas

804-802 B.C. Assyrians attack Damascus and capture it

801 B.C. Assyria attacks Khubbushkia

800 B.C. Spartans conquer Laconia

800-799 B.C. Assyria fights Media

800-700 B.C. Nubia (Sudan) revolts from Egypt

~800 B.C. Urartians sack 60 acre Minnean citadel at Hasanlu

798 B.C. Assyrians fight Lushia

797 B.C. Assyrians fight Namri

793-792 B.C. Assyria fights Media again

791 B.C. Assyria attacks Khubbushkia

789-787 B.C. Assyria fights Media again

Israel vs. Arameans -1 Kings 20:29 127

786 B.C. Assyrians fight Kisku

785-784 B.C. Assyria attacks Khubbushkia

-616-612 BC Assyrian Empire ends

773-754 B.C. Assyrians campaign five times

771 B.C. @Hao Rong barbarians kill Zhou King You

770 B.C. Rebellion against Chou; Chou move capital

754-714 B.C. Urartu campaigns at least once per year under Argishti I and Sarduri II

754 B.C. Assyrian Ashurdan III sacks Arpad in Syria

745 B.C. Tiglath Pileser III captures Damascus

743 B.C. Civil War in Assyria

743 B.C. Assyrians capture Kashpuna, near Tyre and Sidon

743-740 B.C. Assyrian TIglath-Pileser III besieges and captures Arpad

740 B.C. Spartans conquer Messenia

740-710 B.C. Scythians overrun Cimmerians

738 B.C. Yaudi in Syria revolts against Assyrians

737 B.C. Assyrian Tiglath-Pileser III invades Persia

736 B.C. Greeks take Phoenician Malta

735-715 B.C. Ahaz Edomites capture Jews under Ahaz 2 Chr 28:17

735-715 B.C. Ahaz Philistines raid Judah under Ahaz 2 Chr 28:18

735-730 B.C. First Messenian war between Spartan Theopompus and Messenia

734 B.C. Corinth takes Corfu from Eretians in Greece

734 B.C. Assyrian Tiglath-Pileser III sacks Hazor

~733 B.C. Israel defeats Judah 2 Chr 28:6 120

732 B.C. Assyrians capture Damascus

731-724 B.C. Piye and Napatans conquer Egypt

727 B.C. Eloulaios of Tyre suppress revolt in Cyprus

724-722 Assyrians besiege Tyre

c.724 B.C. @Ithome Messenians defeat Spartans

723-715 B.C. Spartans conquer Messenia

722 B.C. Assyrians crush a revolt in southern Chaldea

722 B.C. Sargon captures Samaria

721 B.C. Assrians conquer Urartu

722/720 B.C. Assyria defeats Arpad, Simirus, Damascus, Samaria

720 B.C. @Der Assyrians defeat Chaldeans and Elamites

720 B.C. Assyrians sack Arpad, Qarqar

717 B.C. Phryigians persuade Carchemish to try to revolt from Assyrians

716-709 Sargon of Assyria fights Muishki

715 B.C. Dayakk/Deies the Mede tries to rebel from Assyria

715 B.C. Assyrians sack Ashdod and Gath

714 B.C. Sargon II plunders Rusa I of Van (Urartu) & Mannai in Armenia

Sagron deports Mannaeans to Hamath

713-679 B.C. Assyrians & Cimmerians attack Urartu

712 B.C. Assyrians conquer Ekron in Philistia

708 B.C. Assyrians capture Samsat, Anatolia

701 B.C. Sennacherib & Assyrians capture Usse near Tyre

701 B.C. Assyrians besiege Sidon in Phoenicia

701 B.C. @Eltekah Assyrians meet Egyptians

701 B.C. Assyrians sack Megiddo, Samaria, & Gibeah

701 B.C. Assyrians conquer Philistine city of Ekron

701 B.C. Assyrians sack Lachish many killed 1.5

701 B.C. Assyrians killed outside Jerusalem 185

700//695 B.C. Cimmerians fight Phrygians

700 B.C. Chalcis and Eretia fight in Greece

700 B.C. Assyria razes Karatepe

700 B.C. Assyria fights Kashku

698/696 B.C. Assyrian Sennacherib captures Tarsus (Tarshish)

689 B.C. Assyrians sack Babylon

686 B.C. Assyrians fight Arabs

c.683-682 B.C. @Great Foss in the 2nd Messenian War, Sparta defeats Messenia

~681 B.C. Distrubance in China; Hwan and Kiu flee to Lu

681 B.C. @Halulina Sennacherib fights Persians

- 681-626.B.C. have been called the "Pax Assyriaca", though

conquests still occurred

680 B.C. Cimmerians conquer Phrygia

678 B.C. Assyrians subdue Babylonian rebels

678 B.C. Scythians attack Assyrians

676-673 B.C. Assyrians besiege Sidon for 3 years

675-653 B.C. Khshathrita the Mede defeats Assyrians

675/671 B.C. Assyrians capture Memphis

674 B.C. @Sile Egyptians defeat Assyrians

672 B.C. Assyrians subdue Egyptians

671 B.C. Assyrian Esarhaddon captures Memphis

670-669 B.C. Egyptian Tarhaqa rebels

669 B.C. @Hysaia Argos defeats Sparta

~670 B.C. Scythians enter Mannai Kingdom

669 B.C. @Hysiai Argos defeats Sparta

669 B.C. Esarhaddon dies marching against Egyptians

668 B.C. Argirus routes Spartans

667 B.C. Assyrian Ashurbanipal conquers Egypt

665 B.C. Ashurbanipal attacks Phoenicia and later Egypt

664 B.C. Tantamani frees Egypt

664-657 B.C. Psammetichus I unifies Egypt

660 B.C. Messenia revolts from Sparta in Greece

653 B.C. Scythians dominate Medes and kill Khshathrita the Mede

653 B.C. Coup in Elam. Assyria and Elam were friendly before this

653 B.C. Assyrians defeat Elam

653 B.C. Egypt is free of Assyria

653 B.C. Cimmerians defeat Lydia

652-643 B.C. Shamash-shum-ukin rebels against brother Ashurbanipal

~650 B.C. Messenians revolt against Spartans

650 B.C. Scythians and Cimmerians raid Palestine

648 B.C. Assyrians sack Babylon

646 B.C. Ashurbanipal the Assyrian destroys Susa and exiles Elamites

642-639 B.C. Assyrians sack Susa in Elam, and behead King Teumann

638 B.C. @Hong River Chu defeat Duke Xiang of Song

633 B.C. Assyrians sack Thebes in Egypt

632 B.C. Kylon tries to take Athens from Megakles

~631/627 BC Medes under Kyaxares besiege Ninevah

630 B.C. Di attack north China

628-571 B.C. Lydians fight Cimmerians

626/625 B.C. Babylonians gain independence

625 B.C. Cyaxares the Mede drives the Scythians out of Iran

623 B.C. Di people attack north China

620 B.C. Di people attack north China again

620 B.C. Assyrian vassal states in open revolt

620-619 B.C. Lydian Sadyattes and his son Alyattes II fight Miletus

615 B.C. Arrapkha in Assyria captured

614 B.C. Babylonians capture Asshur and CAlah in in Assyria

614 B.C. Medes try to take Ninevah, Assyrian capital

~613-7-8/612 Medes sack Ninevah (Babylonians too late)

612 B.C. Medes conquer Armenia

612-609 B.C. Last of Assyrians destroyed

611-604 B.C. Lydian Alyattes fights Thrasybulus of Miletus in Asia Minor

610-605 B.C. Egyptian Pharaoh Necho II fights in Syria

609 B.C. Medes capture Tuspa, Urartian capital

609-606 B.C. Babylonians raid northern Israel

609/608 B.C. Egyptians destroy Megiddo & attack Gaza

606-605 B.C. Di attack north China

May/June/604 BC. @Carchemish Babylonians defeat the Egyptians

11-12/605/604 BC. Babylonians sack Ashkelon in Phoenicia

603 B.C. Babylonians sack Ekron in Phoenicia

601 B.C. Babylonians and Egyptians fight to a draw; heavy losses

600 B.C. Lydians destroy Smyrna

600 B.C. San Jose Mogote in Oaxaca attacked multiple times Dal. Morn. News 9/16/03 p.16A

599-598 B.C. Babylonians fight Arabs

3/16/597 B.C. Babylonians capture Jerusalem, but do not destroy it

596 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar II and the Babylonians fight the Elamites

595-594 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar II puts down revolt

593/591 B.C. Egyptian Psamtik II+Greek,Phoeni.,Jewish merc. defeat Nubia

589-587 B.C. Jews rebel against Babylon. Jerusalem suffers a 30-month siege

585-573 B.C. Babylonians besiege King Ethbaal II of Tyre

585 B.C. War ends between Medes & Alyattes of Lydia eclipse 5/28/585

584-584 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar II besieges Tyre

581 B.C. Babylonians deport more from Judah

570 B.C. Greeks and Cyrene fight in Cyrenaica

570 B.C. Greeks in Cyrene defeat Apries of Egypt

568-567 B.C. Apries and Babylonians try to invade Egypt

560 B.C. Croesus subjugates Ionian cities

560-547/546 Persians subdue King Croesus of Lydia

559 B.C. Medes & Babylonians combine against Persians

555 B.C. Sicyon liberated form a tyrant

554 B.C. @east of Hyrminus River, Camarina tries to rebel from Syracuse

554 B.C. Tyrant Phalais of Acragas, Sicily overthrown

553 B.C. Camarina, Sicily tries to revolt from Syracuse

553-550 B.C. Cyrus the Persian defeats Mede Astyages

550 B.C. Cyrus captures Ecbatana

550 B.C. Mede Harpagus helps Cyrus defeat Astyages

549 B.C. Persians raid Assyria

~550’s B.C. Babylon tries to revolt from Persia 3

546 B.C. @Thymbra

Spr 545 B.C. @Thyreatis 300 Argives and 300 Spartans fight 0.597

545 B.C. Cyrus the Persian fights Msssagetae and conquers Bactria

Greeks 2.1 million mobilized Persians 5 million (Herodotus)

543 B.C. Sinhalese Vijaya conquers Veddahs in Sri Lanka

540 B.C. Polycrates leads revolt in Samos,

540-10/16/539 B.C. Persians conquer Babylonian Empire

Persian Empire

539 B.C. Greeks defeat Carthaginians

535 B.C. @Alalia 120 Etruscan+Carthaginian vs. 60 Phocaean ships 2

534-533 B.C. Tarquinis Superbus, last Roman King, kills many senators/citizens

531 B.C. Hystaspes puts down Hyrcanian revolt

530 B.C. Cyrus the Persian dies fighting Scythians

528 B.C. Persians fight Egyptians

525 B.C. Persians conquer Cyprus

525 B.C. @Pelusium Cambyses II/Persians/Arabs take Egypt/ Psamtik II

Jews under Persia-Esther 9:12-16 76

524 B.C. Aristodemus of Cumae defeats Etruscans

522 B.C. False Bardiya and Persian Civil War. Many Magi killed

522 B.C. Persians stop Babylonian rebellion; Persians take Samos,

521 B.C. Persians stop Babylonian rebellion

519 B.C. Persians conquer Gandhara, India

516 B.C. Darius of Persia campaigns

513 B.C. Scythian Idanthyrsus repels Darius I of Persia

512 B.C. Darius I fights Scythians in Thrace

512-510 B.C. Celts invade Etruria. Etruscan Lars Porsens attacks Rome

510 B.C. Tarquinius Superbus, last king of Rome, overthrown

510 B.C. Kroton and other cities raze Greek city of Sybaris in Italy

510 B.C. Darius invades South Russia

510-474/473 B.C. Gou Chian of Yueh conquers Fu Chai of Wu in China

508 B.C. Etruscan Lars Porsena attacks Rome

507 B.C. Athens defeats Thebes

507 B.C. Spartans try to restore aristocracy in Athens.

506 B.C. Athenians occupy Chalcis in Greece

504 B.C. Northeast Indian Vijaya conquers Sri Lanka

502 B.C. Latin League defeats Etruscan Lars Porsena

502 B.C. @Pometia Latin Pometians lift Roman siege

501 B.C. Cathaginians capture Gadir (Cadiz), Spain

500/499-478 B.C. Greco-Persian Wars

500/499-496/493 B.C. Ionian Revolt against Persians

500 B.C. Semites invade Eritrea, Africa

500- B.C. Bantus expand in Africa

500 B.C. Persians besiege Naxos

499 B.C. Persians capture Ephesus

498 B.C. Ionians revolt against Persia

~498-415 B.C. Selinas and Segesta fight in Sicily

497/496 B.C. @Marysas during the Ionian Revolt, 10K Carians and 2K Persians killed 12

496 B.C. @Regillus Romans defeat Latins 30

494 BC. Secession of Roman plebeians due to debt laws of Caludius

494/493 B.C. Persians sack Miletus and end Ionian revolt

494 B.C. @Ner Lade Greek naval battle 100 vs. 210 ships

494 B.C. @Sepeis Sparta defeats Argives

492 B.C. Mardonius fails in leading Persian fleet against Athens

490 B.C. Persians destroy Eretia in Greece

8/12/490 B.C. @Marathon 10K Greeks defeat 20K Persians. 192 Gr died 6.4192

489 B.C. Athenian fleet tries to besiege Aegina

487 B.C. A Sea Battle in Brassy's Wars

486 B.C. Mycenae destroyed by citizens of Argos

484 B.C. Geloans destroy Camarina, Sicily

483 B.C. Selinus captures city of Megara Hyblaia

482 B.C. Persians stop Babylonian revolt

480 B.C. Carthaginians destroy Akragas

480 B.C. @Thermopylae 100K Persians defeat 5K Greeks >0.5

9/21/480 B.C. Persians sack Athens

9/23/9/480 BC @Salamis 360 Greek ships defeat 700-1000 Persian

~480 B.C. @Himera, Hiero I & 55K Syracusans defeat Carthage

480 B.C. @Artemisium ,Greece

480 B.C. @Veii Romans defeat Veintes

479-476 B.C. Etruscan fight Fabius

479 B.C. @Plataea Greeks defeast Persians, Madonius killed

478 B.C. A Sea Battle in Brassy's Wars

477 B.C. A Sea Battle in Brassy's Wars

477 B.C. @Cremera Etruscans massacre Fabii 0.305

477-475 B.C. Major war with Romans

474 B.C. @Cumae near Naples Syracusans defeat Etruscans

474 B.C. @Cyrene

474 B.C. @Cumae Hiero I of Syracuse defeats Etruscans

472 B.C. Syracusans defeat Thrasydaeus of Akragas

468 B.C. King Argives captuires Tiryns and Mycenae in Greece

466 B.C. @Eurymadon Athens+Delians defeat Persians 30k+100 ships

464-455 B.C. Third Messenian war

460/459-455/454 B.C. Persians crush Egyptian rebellion, defeat 200 Athenian ships

459 B.C. Aegina and Corinth Fight Athens but get conquered

459 B.C. @Halleis Corinth & Epidamnus defeat Athenians

458-447 B.C. Peloponnesian War

458 B.C. @Aegira

456 B.C. Aegina surrenders to Athens

~451 B.C. Revolt against decemviri in Rome

450 B.C. Monarchy in Cyrenaica overthrown by Republic

449 B.C. A Sea Battle in Brassy's Wars

447 B.C. @Coronei I

446 B.C. Euboea revolts from Athens

446 B.C. Perisans crush Egyptian revolt

445/425 B.C. Samnites take Capua from Etruscans

443 B.C. Etruscans lose Capua to Romans

442 B.C. Samos defeats Miletus

435 B.C. @Ambnia Gulf 80 Corcyrean defeat 75 Corinthian ships

433/2-404 B.C. Great Peloponnesian War

431-421 B.C. Archidamian War in Greece

431-404 B.C. Peleponnesian War, in 15th year of the 30 year peace

429 B.C. Athens besieged

427 B.C. Athenians attack Lipari Islands, Greece

426 B.C. Romans capture Fidenae

424 B.C. Nicias and Atenians kill Thyreatians

422 B.C. Athenian general Kleon tries to capture Amphipolis

419 B.C. Egyptians and Persian governor Vidranga destroyed Jewish temple at Elephantine

418 B.C. @Mantinea in Greece Spartans defeat Athenians

418/417 B.C. Athenians massacre and enslave the neutral island of Melos

415 B.C. @Syracuse Athens & Segesta defeated by Selinias & Syracuse

415/14-413/12 B.C. Unsuccessful Athenian siege of Syracuse

414 B.C. Athens raids aconians

413 B.C. Persians and Athens battle

413 B.C. Athenians fail to take Syracuse in Sicily

412 B.C. Miletus revolts from Athens and seeks Sparta’s protection

411 B.C. @Cyrene

411 B.C. @Cynoisema Athenians win

411 B.C. Euboea revolts from Athens

410- B.C. Carthaginians defeat Greeks in Sicily

410 B.C. @Cyzicus I Athenians win over Spartans

409 B.C. Alcibiades of Athens captupes Byzantium

409 B.C. Darius II tries to rebel from Persia

409 B.C. Carthaginians destroy Selinus, Sicily

406 B.C. @Ephesus

405 B.C. @Aegospotami Lysander sinks last Athenian squadron of ships

160 Athenian ships surprised on shore and destroyed

405 B.C. Spartan Lysander expels Athenians from Byzantium

404-400 B.C. Egypt successfully rebels from Persians

404 B.C. Thrasybulus + 70 men capture Phyle in Greece

403 B.C. Thirty Tyrants overthrown in Athens

403-221 B.C. Warring States Period in China

401 B.C. @Cunaxa Persian Civil War Cyrus the Younger revolts with Spartan help but killed

401 B.C. Kardouchoi (Kurds?) attack Xenophon & 10K

~400 B.C. La Venta destroyed in Mexico

~400 B.C. Celts invade Austria

400 B.C. Senones in Italy

400-200 B.C. Unrest in China (Late Chou, Early Han)

400-394 B.C. Persians + Athenians defeat Sparta

399 B.C. Socrates executed by drinking Hemlock. Profoundly envigorated philosophy

398 B.C. Illyrians fight Chalcidian League

397 B.C. Carthaginians attack Lipari Islands, Greece

396 B.C. Rome conquers Etruscan city of Veio

Spr/395 B.C. @Sardis Agesilaus kills 6K Persians with 600 casualties 6.6

394 B.C. @Coronei II

7/394 B.C. @Nemea in the COrinthian war 2.8K Confederates & 1.1K Spartans killed 3.9

391 B.C. Senones in Etruria

391 B.C. Evagoras I of Salamis, Cyprus rebels against Persia

390 B.C. @Allia, Senones defeat Romans

7/18/390 B.C. Gauls sack Rome

390 B.C. Athens captures Byzantium

389 B.C. @Rhodes Athenians in 400 ships fight Spartans

387 B.C. Carthaginians besiege Syracuse

385-383 B.C. Persians try to invade Egypt

379 B.C. @Chronium

379 B.C. Pelopidas returns to Thebes

379 B.C. @Cabala Syracusans defeat Carthaginians

376 B.C. @Naxos, Greece sea-battle

375 B.C. Han conqueres Zheng

373 B.C. Persians try to invade Egypt

371 B.C. @ Leuctra Thebes defeats Sparta with the oblique order

368 B.C. Pherae drives off Thebans

365 B.C. Spartans defeat Thebans 6

364 B.C. @Cynoscephala I Thebes defeats Pherae

363-362 B.C. Isle of Kea revolts from Atahenian League

360 B.C. Rebellion in Egypt

359 B.C. Illyirans and Paeonians invade Macedonia

358 B.C. Philip of Macedon invades Paeonia & Illyria

358 B.C. Tarquinians kill 307 Roman soldiers 0.307

358-351 B.C. Tarquinia and Rome fight

357 B.C. Dion, brother of Dionysius I, captures Syracuse in a coup

357 B.C. Philip II of Macedon captures Amphipolis

357 B.C. Byzantium gains freedom from Athens

356 B.C. Philip II captures Potidea and Pydna

356-352 B.C. Ten Year War for Amphipolis

356/355 B.C. Philip II of Macedon captures Crenides (Philippi)

356-336 B.C. Philip II of Macedon's Conquests

355 B.C. @Delphi

352 B.C. Philip defeats Phobians

351 B.C. Egyptian Nectanebo II stops Persians from invading Egypt

350 B.C. Persian Artaxerxes III Ochus tries to invade Egypt

349 B.C. Qi defeats Zhao and Wei in China

348 B.C. Philip of Macedon conquers Chalcidice and destroys Olynthos

346 B.C. Philip of Macedon campaigns in Thraace

345-399 B.C. Romans annihilate Aurunci tribe in Campapnia, Italy

345 B.C. Cilicia rebels against Persia

345 B.C. Tyre tries to revolt from Persia

344 B.C. Sicily defeats Leontini

~343 B.C. Nanda Mahapadna conquers Kalinga, India

343-341 B.C. Persians reconquer Egypt, hold it for 10 years

342 B.C. Philip of Macedon campaigns in Thrace

341 B.C. Qi defeat Wei in China

341 B.C. Romans capture Antium (Latium), Italy

341 B.C. Philip of Macedon captures Plovdir

341-340 B.C. Philip of Macedon besieges Byzantium

340-339 B.C. Athens declares War on Macedon

339 B.C. Philip II of Macedon kills Scythian king

338 B.C. Philip II of Macedon conquers Isle of Euboea, Greece

338 B.C. Romans occupy Anzio

336 B.C. Philip II of Macedon takes army into Asia Minor

336-6/323 B.C. Alexander the Great's Empire

Spr/335 B.C. @Shipka Pass Alexander in his first campaign defeats Thracians 1.5

335 B.C. Alexander sacks Thebes, Greece 6

335 B.C. Alexander defeats Thracians north of Danube

335 B.C. Alexander’s soldiers destroy Samaria

334 B.C. Ch'u conquer Yueh in China

334 B.C. Alexander captures Sardis

333 B.C. Alexander demolishes Gaza 15

332 B.C. Alexander I of Epirus help Tarentines against Lucanians, Bruttians, and Samnites

332 B.C. Thrace tries to rebel from Macedon

332 B.C. Alexander conquers Kalimnos, Greece

332 B.C. Alexander demolishes Tyre killed: 8K+2K later, 30K slaves 10

331 B.C. Alexander the Great destroys the city of Samaria

331 B.C. @Megalopolis Antipater the Macedonian crushes Spartan revolt

331 B.C. Alexander conquers Cyrenaica after peacefully entering Egypt

331 B.C. Qin fight ? in China

330 B.C. Alexander sacks Persepolis, Darius III killed by officers

328 B.C. Alexander conquers Bactria

327/326 B.C. @Hydraspes Alex with 64K Mac+70K Asiatics vs. Porus (=Paurava Raja) 30K 13

327-305 B.C. Second Samnite War with Rome

325 B.C. Getae defeat Zopyrion the Macedonian

322-321 B.C. Chandragupta rebels in Magadha to begin Maurya Dynasty

323-322 B.C. Antipater the Macedonian defeats anti-Macedonian Corinthian League

322 B.C. Perdicus, former general of Alexander, conquers Cappadocia

321 B.C. Eumenes vs. Cratos

321 B.C. Near Oraynis

320 B.C. In Asia Minor, Antigonus I defeats Eumenes

319 B.C. Antigonus

319 B.C. @Cretopolis

318-316 B.C. In Mesopotamia and Media, Antigonus I defeats Eumenes

316 B.C. @Gabienu, Antigonus I defeats and kills Eumenes

317 B.C. Paraetacene

316 B.C. Qin conquer Shu in Szechuan

316 B.C. Antigonus attacks Babylon

314 B.C. Ch'i defeat Yen in China

314 B.C. Macedonian Demetrius fights

315-295 B.C. Romans exterminate Aurunci

314 B.C. @Aurunci Romans massacre town

312 B.C. @Gaza Egypt & Syria vs. Macedonian Demetrius 5

312 B.C. Antigonus I fails to defeat Nabataeans

310 B.C. Romans conquer Cortona, Italy

310/309 B.C. @Lake Vadimo Romans defeat Etruscans

307 B.C. Siraces (Sarmatian tribe) involved in Bosporan Civil War

306 B.C. Antigonus fights

306 B.C. Hernici, Aurignici people try to revolt from Rome

305 B.C. Macedonians besiege Rhodes

305 B.C. Chandragupta defeats Seleucus I Nicator of Syria

305 B.C. @Bovianum

304 B.C. Agathocles attacks Lipari, Greece

304 B.C. Romans massacre at Aequi

302 B.C. Macedonian Demetrius vs. Cassanas?

301 B.C. @Ipsus Seleucids gained Syria and northern Mesopotamia

300-220 B.C. The Hsiung-Nu menace China

301 B.C. @Ipsus Seleucids defeat Macedonians

300 B.C. Philip of Macedon captures Philippi

299/7-293/0 B.C. Romans enslave 60K in 3rd Samnite War

288 B.C. Macedonian Demetrius

300/295 B.C. @Sentinum, Umbria Romans defeat Etruscans+Samnites 33.2

292 B.C. Getae force Macedonian Lysimachus to surrender

290 B.C. Manius Curius Denatus of Rome conquers Sabines

Wars between Rome & Etruscans & Gauls

288-249 B.C. Qin Empire advances in China

286 B.C. Ch;i defeat Sung

283 B.C. @Vadimma (Vadimo) Lake Romans defeat Etruscans again

283 B.C. CorneliusDolabella expels Senones from Italy

281 B.C. Rome captures last Etruscan city of Vulci

281 B.C. War of Alex's successors, Seleucus slew Lysimachus

280 B.C. Pyrrhus + 25K + 20 elephants invades Italy

280-278 B.C. Qin defeat Chu in China

280-279 @Delphi, Yugoslavia Romans defeat Celts

280 B.C. @Hearclea Pyrus defeats Romans 7K Rom+4KGreeks died 11

279 B.C. Celts amok in Thrace and sack Delphi, Greece

279 B.C. @Asculum II Pyrrhus wins with 25K men, 20 elephants

279 B.C. Byzantium and Rhodes fight

278-275 B.C. Hiero II of Syracuse fights Romans

275 B.C. Antigonus of Macedon stops invading Gauls

275 B.C. @Malventum (Beneventum) Romans defeat Philip and Pyrrus

272 B.C. Rome captures Tarantum

270 B.C. Hiero II of Syracuse defeats Namertines

269-251 B.C. Asoka conquers Kalinga in E. India 150K enslaved 100

264 B.C. Alexander II of Epirus tries to invade Macedon

264 B.C. Romans defeat Hiero II of Syracuse

264-241 B.C. First Punic War between Rome & Carthage

262 B.C. Ephesus sacked, Temple of Diana destroyed

260-259 B.C. Ch'in defeat Chao

260 B.C. @Mylae Outnumbered Roman fleet defeats Carthaginians

258 B.C. Romans destroy Camarina in Sicily

258 B.C. Romans destroy Camarina, Sicily

258 B.C. Antigonus II defeats Ptolemies in naval battles

256 B.C. Chou Dynasty collapses

252 B.C. Romans capture Lipari Islands, Greece

250 B.C. Carthaginians again destroy Selinasa, Sicily

250-248 B.C. Seleucid governor of Parthia revolts

246 B.C. Antigonus II defeats Ptolemies in naval battles

246-241 B.C. Third Syrian War

244 B.C. Egyptians defeat Syrians

243 B.C. Aratus of Sicyon captures Corinth from Antigonus

241 B.C. Falerii try to revolt in Rome

240-238 B.C. Mutiny of Carthaginian mercenaries crushed

238-228 B.C. Carthaginians conquer Spain

237 B.C. Romans seize Sardinia and Corsica

232 B.C. Maurya Dynastry falls in India

230/228-222/221 B.C. Qin / Chin defeats Chao in China

c.228 B.C. Seleucus II attacks the Parthian Tiridates

225 B.C. Chin conquer Wei

225 B.C. @Telamon, Italy Romans defeat Celts (Gauls)

224-220 B.C. Romans begin invasion of Gaul

223 B.C. Chin conquer Ch-u in China

223-222 B.C. @Clastidium Romans

222 B.C. Shih huang-ti conquers Guong dong

222 B.C. Romans capture Milan

222/221 B.C. @Sellasia Antigonus III (Doson) defeats Spartans

221-210 B.C. Chinese start building the Great Wall

220 B.C. Chinese Han Dynasty Collapses

220 B.C. Medes and Persians try to rebel from Antiochus

220 B.C. Bastarnae and others besiege Olbia

219 B.C. Seleucids recapture Antioch (Seleucia)

219 B.C. Hannial attacks Sagunum, Iberia, starting the 2nd Punic War

219/218-202/201 B.C. Second Punic War, Hannibal defeated

218 B.C. @Trebbia Carthage defeats Romans

218 B.C. Romans destroy Larino, Italy

218 B.C. @Cyrene

217 B.C. Native Egyptian revolts against Ptolemies

217 B.C. @Raphia

217 B.C. @Lake Trasimene in 2nd Punic War

216 B.C. Hannibal sacks Nocera Inferiore

8/216 B.C. @Apulia (Cannae) 40k+10K Carthag. defeat 80K+6K Romans 70

215-205 B.C. Romans defeat Philip of Macedon

214 B.C. Chinese conquer East Kwangsi, China

214-210 B.C. Mercellus conquers Sicily

212 B.C. Romans conquer Syracuse 8 month siege

220-217 B.C. Hellenic League vs. Sparta, Aetolia, & Elia?

211 B.C. Romans destroy Capua

206 BC. Hsiang-Yu defeats Kau-tsu

210/206-206/202 B.C. Han Dynasty established, Qin fall

210 B.C. Seleucids conquer Media

209 B.C. Seleucid Antiochus III invades Parthia

209 B.C. @Canusium Hannibal defeats Quintus Fabius Maximus 2.7

208 B.C. @Petelia Carthaginians ambush Romans 2

208 B.C. @Baecula Romans defeat Hasdrubal in Spain. 8K dead was too high 4

280-206 B.C. Seleucids fight King Euthydemus of Bactria

208 B.C. @Arius River

207 B.C. Tsao-Tsao fights Chinese

207 B.C. @Grumentum Livius the Roman defeats Hasdrubal the Carthaginian 8K vs. .5K 8.5

206 B.C. @Ilipa, Roman P. Cornelius Scipio defeats Carthaginians Hasdrupal and Mago in Spain. 45K foot 3K horse Romans defeat 58K Carthaginians (Carth 70K foot with allies, 4k horse, 32 elephants

203 B.C. Antiochus III captures Sidon

203 B.C. Romans on the march in Gaul

202 B.C. @Zama Romans defeat Carthaginians 20K Carth. 1.5-2 Romans killed 21.5

202-198 B.C. Ptolemies and Seleucids fight

201 B.C. @Chois Rhodes & Pergamum navy defeat Macedon

201 B.C. @Mutlium Gauls defeat ROman Ampius and kill 7K reapers 7

200 B.C. The Hsiung-Nu besiege the Chinese Emperor

202/201 BC. @Zama Romans defeat Carthaginians

200-196 B.C. Second Macedonian War 2

200 BC. Romans capture Keletum, Macedonia

198 B.C. Carthiginian general Hamilcar killed

198 B.C. Antiochus III conquers Palestine

197-192 B.C. Seleucids on march in Asia Minor and Greece

197 B.C. @Cynoscephala II, Thessaly Romans defeat Philip + 26K 10

197-133 B.C. Lusitanian War ; Romans conquer Spain

193 B.C. Toledo, Spain falls to Romans

192-189 B.C. Syrian War

191 B.C. Romans defeat the Poii

191 B.C. @Cyssus

190/188 B.C. @Magnesia Armenians & Romans defeat Seleucid Antiochus

189 B.C. Romanns conquer Lycia, Asia Minor

189 B.C. Armenians revolt from Seleucids with Rome's blessing

188 B.C. @Sipyluminlydia Romens defeat Seleucids

184 B.C. Philip V of Macedon invades Balkans

183 B.C. Philip V of Macedon invades Balkans

181 B.C. Philip V of Macedon invades Balkans

179-167 B.C. Romans fight Macedonians

179 B.C. Lusitanians fight Romans

171-167 B.C. Third Macedonian War 100K Romans vs 45K Perseus of Macedon

171-168 B.C. Antiochus Epiphanes fights Ptolemies

170 B.C. @Pelusiam Seleucids defeat Ptolemies

169-168 B.C. Antiochus IV Epiphanes invades Egypt

168 B.C. @Pydna Romans defeat Perseus the Macedonian

168 B.C. Romans conquer Illyria & Albania

6/22/168 B.C. @Pydna Romans defeats Macedonians 20

167-141 B.C. Maccabean Revolt of the Jews against Seleucids 143.9

167-164 B.C. 80K Jews killed for not worshipping idol @Jerusalem (included )

~167-141 B.C. Maccabeans fight Idumaeans 40

c.165 B.C. Pertians Phraates I conquers the Mardian in the Elburz Mountains

165 B.C. Two Armenian kingdoms fight each other

164 B.C. Judas Maccabaeus sacks Jazer in 1 Macc 5:7-8

161/160 B.C. Demetrius I Sorer puts down revolt inMedia and Babylonia

160 B.C. Yue Chi drive Sakas (Se) out of west China

2-4/154 B.C. Rebellion of Seven Kingdoms in China

154/153-151 B.C. Lusitanians under Viriathus rebel 6K+9K+7K Romans died 22

154 B.C. Romans capture Nice, France

150 B.C. Carthage is in a local War

150/149-148 BC Fourth Macedonian War against Andriscus the Macedonian

150/149-146 BC Third Punic War 50K enslaved 450

146 B.C. Ptolemies capture Antioch (Seleucia)

146 B.C. Carthage razed

146 B.C. Achean League revolts. Mummius the Roman razes Corinth and enslaves Corinthians

145 B.C. Greek King Eucratides and Bactriana conquered. Romans destroy Corinth

143 B.C. Celtiberians revolt in Spain

143 B.C. Romans capture Ivrea, Italy

141-139 B.C. Mithridates captues Seleucid Demetrius II Mikator

140-130 B.C. Sakas invade West India

140 B.C. Seleucid Demetrius II Nicator fights Parthians but was captured

138-135 B.C. Southeast Conquests of China

138 B.C. Romans put down Lusitanian uprising

137 B.C. John Hyrcanus & Hudas repel Syrian Cendebeus

136/5-132/1 B.C. First Servile War in Sicily

135-119 B.C. Han Chinese defeat the Hsiung-Nu

135-115 B.C. Sparta conquers Messenia

135-132 B.C. 70K slaves revolt againsts Rome

133 B.C. Roman Scipio Aemilianus destroys Numatia in Lusitanian War

133 B.C. Isle of Samos, Greece revolts from Rome

130 B.C. Chinese Southwest conquests

130 B.C. Seleucid Antiochus VII Sidetes attakcks Parthian Phraates II

130 B.C. Parthians,Scythians,Sakas (Kushan) and Tochari (=Tukharians = Yueh-Chih) overrun Bactria and Scythia

129 B.C. Antiochus loses all of the Seleucid Empire except Syria to the Parthians

128/127 B.C. Scythians, Sakas, and Tochari defeat and kill Parthian Phraates II in battle

128 B.C. Chinese Nourtheast conquests

128 B.C. Romans crush revolt in Asia

128 B.C. John Hyrcanus captures Shechem

126 B.C. Tyre successfully revolts from Parthians

125-121 B.C. Narbonese Gaul conquered

124-123 B.C. Chinese campaign against the Hsiung-Nu

124 B.C. Scythians kill Parthian king

c.123 B.C. Parthian Mithridates II defeats the Scythians

121-119 B.C. Chinese drive the Hsiung-Nu north to the Gobi Desert

121 B.C. Romans pacify Balearics

119 B.C. Metellus and Cotta advance in Dalmatia

Spr/119 B.C. Chinese defeat the Hsiung-Nu

118 B.C. Chinese conquer Xinjiang

115 B.C. Roman Gaius Marius defeats Spanish brigands

114 B.C. Scordisci defeat a Roman army in Thrace

113 B.C. @Noreia Cimbri and Teutones defeat Roman Carbo

112 B.C. @Cirta Numidian Jugurtha massacres Italians

112-111 B.C. Han Chinese conquer Nan Yueh in Kwangsi

112-110 B.C. Han Chinese in Central Asia

111-105 B.C. Rome vs. Jugurtha of Numidia

111-106 B.C. Chinese Expansion. Chinese conquer Nam Viet

Late 110 B.C. Numidian Jugurtha defeats Roman Aulus

110 B.C. Mithridates conquers Bosporan Kingdom

110 B.C. @Fujian Chinese defeat Min-Yueh

109-105 B.C. Cimbri & Teutones defeat 5 Roman armies

108 B.C. China occupies Choson (Ch’ao Hsien) in Korea

108 B.C. Cimbri invade Gaul

108 B.C. @Vaga a Roman garrison is massacred

108 B.C. Chinese Han Emperor Wudi conquers Korea

107-106 B.C. Roman Gaiu sMarius defeats and captures Jugartha

107 B.C. Ptolemy invades northern Syria from Cyprus

10/6/105 B.C. @Arausio (Orange, Fr.) Cimbri & Teutones defeat two armies of arguing Romans Caepio & Manlius

104- B.C. Cimbri & Teutones raid Spain

104/102-99 BC Second Servile War in Sicily

103 B.C. @Scirthaea in the Second Servile War 20K slaves killed 20

102 B.C. Romans fight pirates in south Asia Minor

102 B.C. @Aquae Sextae, Gaul Roman Marius annihilate Teutons est. 100,200K 100K

101 B.C. @Vercellae, N.Italy Roman Marius annihilates Cimbri

100 B.C. Romans fight pirates in south Asia Minor

7/12/100 B.C. Gaius Julius Caesar born in Rome

100/96 B.C. Alexander Jannaeus destroys Gaza

96 B.C. Seleucus VI Epiphanes defeasts Antiochus IV Cyzicenus

~94 B.C. Armenian Tigranes II (the Great) defeats Armenian Artanes

94-83 B.C. Armenian Tigranes II conquers parts of Parthia

91/90-89/88 B.C. Roman Civil War (Marsic or Social War)

6/11/90 B.C. @Tolenus in the Social War Romans Scaton and Rutilius fight 8

89 B.C. Sulla captures Aeclanum, in Samnium Italy

88 B.C. Mithridates massacres claimed 80K Romans in Anatolia 40

88-84 B.C. First Mithradic War: Mithridates forced out of Greece

88 B.C. Ptolemy X plunders Alexander the Great's Temple in Alexandria

88 B.C. Romans sack Athens and crush revolt in Samos

88-82 B.C. Roman Civil War

86 B.C. @Chaeronea Romans defeat Mithridates

86 B.C. Roman general Sulla sacks Athens for supporting Mithridates

85 B.C. Egyptians revolt, Romans sack Thebes

84 B.C. Pompey (3 legions) destroys Marian Party

83-81 B.C. Second Mithradic War

80-72 B.C. Marian Quintus Sertorius rebels in Spain

87-76 B.C. Romans raid Iazyges north of Danube

86 B.C. Romans capture Athens

82-72 B.C. Hindus persecute Buddhists in India

76 B.C. Alexander Jannaeus killed beseiging Greek city

76 B.C. Julius Caesar kills pirates who earlier captured him

76-71 B.C. Pompey destroys Marian Party in Spain

75 B.C. Roman C. Scribonius Curio defeats the Moesians on the Danube.

74-61 B.C. Third Mithradic War

74 B.C. Romans fight pirates in south Asia Minor

74 BC. Romans take Cyrene peacefully

73-71 B.C. Spartacus & 70 slaves revolt. 8 legions put it down. 6K slaves crucified 8

73 B.C. Simuka overthrows Susarman in Magadha, India

73 B.C. @Cyzicus II

71 B.C. Romans capture Samsun, Anatolia

69 B.C. Romans fight pirates in south Asia Minor

69 B.C. Romans conquer Armenia; Lucullus captures Tigranoceta

69 B.C. @Cremona

68 B.C. Julius Vindex rebels in Gaul

67 B.C. @Zela I Mithridates annihilates a Roman Legion 7

67-63 B.C. Jewish Civil War ended by Pompey

Jewish revolt led by Egyptian 15

66 B.C. Roman Pompus Magnus reaches Artaxata

66 B.C. Roman Pompey defeats Mithridates VI

64 B.C. Pompey conquers Phoenicia

63 B.C. Civil war overthrow tyrant Aristobulus

61 B.C. Ariovastar defeats Aedui

58 B.C. Julius Caesar governs Gaul; defeats Orgetorix & 300K Helvetians 258

58 B.C. Romans capture Zurich, Switzerland

58 B.C. @Plain of Alsace Caesar defeats Ariovistus, king of the Aedui. 80

58-52/51 B.C. Julius Caesar conquers Gaul 58 B.C. @Vesantu

57 B.C. Caesar defeats Nervii of Belgium

57 B.C. @Octadurus (Martigny) Romans defeat Helvetii

57 B.C. Parthians & Malava clans of India destroy Sakas

57 B.C. @Ponterat

55 B.C. Caesar devastates Germany for 18 days

55 B.C. 10K+Julius Caesar invade Britain for 3 weeks

54 B.C. Caesar invades Britain for 10 weeks, fights Cassivelaunus 180

54 B.C. Ambriorix the Gaul massacres Roman army of Sabinus and Cotta

54 B.C. Romans and Meroe fight in Lower Nubia

54 B.C. M. Licinius Crassus attacks Parthia but loses

53 B.C. @Cologne site J. Caesar defeats Eburones. 2nd invasion of Germany

53-51 B.C. Caesar defeats Senones

53-51 B.C. @Carrhae Parthians defeat and kill Crassus of Rome

52 B.C. @Alesia Caesar+ 60K defeat Vercingetorix + 180K and sacks Orleans, France

62-52 B.C. In 10 years, Caesar captured 800 towns, 300 tribes, 3 million ene-

mies, killed 1 million, & took a million POWs according to Plutarch

52 B.C. Caesar burns Ganabum (Orleans)

51 B.C. Pacorus the Parthian ravages Syria

50 B.C. Getae sack and destroy Turys near Dniester

c.50 B.C. Timna, capital of Qataban in Yemen destroyed

52 BC. Julius Caesar burns Orleans

50-44 B.C. War of the First Triumvirate

8/9/48 B.C. @Pharsalus Caesar +21K + 1K cavalry defeat Pompey + 38K + 7K cavalry 0 5-10K-15K

49-29 B.C. Roman Civil War Julius defeats Pompey

47 B.C. @Zela, Pontus Caesar defeats Pharnaces. easy: Veni, Vedii, Vici

47 B.C. @Nile River Mithradates II, helping the Romans defeats Alexandrians

46 B.C. Caesar crushes 10th Legion mutiny

46 B.C. @Thapsus, north Africa, Caesar defeats Pompeian remnants

45 B.C. @Munda, Spain Caesar defeats the sons of Pompey

43 B.C. @Mursium Octavian defeats Mark Antony

43-31 B.C. War of the Second Triumvirate 2.3K Romans killed in purge 2.3

43 B.C. Second Roman Triumvirate 0.5

42 B.C. @Philippi Roman Civil battle

42 B.C. Pompey the Younger conquers Sicily

40 B.C. Parthians invade Judea and cut off ears of John Hyrcanus II

40-6/9/38 B.C. Parthians plus Romans of Brutus & Cassius fight Mark Antony, attack Syria & Anatolia

37 B.C. Tongmyong unifies Tungusic tribes to form Koguryo in Korea

36 B.C. Mark Antony invades Atropatene in Parthia; tries to take Phraaspa 10

36 B.C. Lepidus tries to revolt from Octavian in Sicily

35-33 B.C. Romans defeat Illytians

34 B.C. Mark Antony conquers Armenia, treacherously capturing King ARtavasdes

34 B.C. @Crimissue River 10

32 B.C. Tiridates II revolts from Parthian Phraates

31 B.C. @Actium Octavian's 400 ships defeat M.Antony&Cleo's 500 ships 5

30 B.C. Octavian captures Alexandria

30 B.C. Roman prefect Cornelius Gallus sacks Thebes after it revolts

29 B.C. Romans defeat Bastarnae

c.29 B.C. Roman M. Licinius Crassus conquers Moesians

27 B.C. Cornelius Gallus sacks Theor??

27 B.C. Andhra Dynasty begins in India

26 B.C. Augustus marches to Ctesiphon

25 B.C. Romans defeat Salassi in Italy

25 B.C. Amyntas dies fighting Pisidian hill tribes

25 B.C. Augustus fails to conquer Arabia

24/23 B.C. Meroites sack Syene

24/23 B.C. Roman Petronius Arbiter sacks Kawa, Sudan

22-20 B.C. Roman wars in Spain

21 B.C. @Vindalius Romans defeat Gauls

20 B.C. Tiberius of Rome fights Armenians

19 B.C. Augustus finishes conquering NW Spain

15 B.C. Romans Tiberias & Drusus invade Austria (Rhaetia) and Switz. (Vindelicia)

14-9 B.C. Pannonia conquered

13 B.C. Romans Tiberius and Nero Claudis Drusus conquer the Raeti

12 B.C. Drusus' Roman fleet subjugates Frisians,Saxons

12-9 B.C. Tiberius of Rome defeats Pannonians

12 B.C. German Sugambi cross into Gaul, defeated by the Romans

12 B.C. Roman Drusus defeats the Frisii, Chauci, Island of Burchanis, Bructeri.

11 B.C. Drusus defeats the Usipetes and Sugambri, Cherusci.

12-10 B.C. Tiberius defeats the Pannonians

12-2 B.C. P. Sulpicius Quirinius puts down rebels in Pisidian mountains

10 B.C. Roman Drusus fought again, but did not gain anything

9 B.C. Roman Drusus defeats the Chatti, Suebi, Marcomanni, cherusci.

9 B.C. Maroboduus leads Marcomanni to Bohemia

8 B.C. Tiberius campaigns in Germany

7 B.C. Tiberius campaigns in Germany but gains nothing

6 B.C.-9 AD. Romans slowly conquer Bosnia Herzegovinia

¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾

Jesus Christ died ~33 A.D.

¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾

4 B.C. @Jerusalem Archelaus slaughters Jews 3

3 B.C. Romans crucify Jews 2

1 A.D. Gaelics displace Builg (Belgae?) in Ireland

@Pannonia, Dalmatia Tiberius quells revolts

4 AD. Tiberius campaigns In Germany

5 AD. Tiberius attacks the confederacy of Maroboduus the Marcommani.

6 AD. Pannonia & Dalmatia revolt

6 AD. A Theudus tries to revolt when Herod Archelaus deposed

6/7 AD. Judas of Galilee & Zealots revolt during Quirinius' 2nd Census

9-11 AD. Tiberius and Germanicus march into Germany for revenge on the Germans

9 AD. @Teutoberg Wald, Arminius' Cherusci kill Romans & Varus 14

9 AD. Wang Mang seizes Chinese throne

11 AD. Germanicus defeatsGermans in western Germany and the Rhine

~12 AD. Local uprising in China

14 A.D. Roman legions on the Rhine revolt

15 A.D. Romans capture Arminius’ wife Thusnelda

16 AD. @Iclistavisus (Wester River) Romans defeat Germans

17-21 Cherusci fight among themselves and Marcomanni

17-23 A.D. Large bands of thieves & soldiers to fight in China

17-24 A.D. Berber guerilla war against Rome in Numidia and Mauretania

18 AD. Rome conquers Cappadocia

21 AD. Aedui of Gaul try to revolt fromTiberius of Rome

Oct/23 AD. Red Eyebrow Rebellion: Han Chinese defeat Wang Mang of Hsin

25-36 Kuang-wu-ti defeats rivals

25-57 Liu Hsiu "scoured and washed away" disturbances

27 AD. Chinese use Barbarian cavalry to crush revolt

28 B.C. @Baduhennawood revolting Frisians defeat a Roman army and stay free for 20 years

35-42 A.D. City of Seleucia revolts from Parthia. Vardanes conquered it

~37 AD. Herod Antipas defeats Nabataean Aretas

39-49 Trung sisters' rebellion against Chinese in Vietnam

40 Kushan Dynastry begins in India

40 Second revolt against Rome in Mauretania

42 Ma Yuan crushes uprising in Tonkin

43 Chinese reconquer Vietnam

43-51 Aulus Plautius & Romans invade Britain

43 Romans take Kent

44 Romans take Maiden Castle, England

44 Rome conquers Mauretania and Serbia (Pannonia))

Revolts in Pannonia, Germany, Gaul

44 Theudas the imposter revolts against Romans in Palestine

46 Pliny the Elder on campaign in Germany

47-77 Silures resist Romans in Britain

47/49 Vardanes controls Babylon until his assassination

50-75 Kushan conquer Suren kingdom in India

51 Parthian pretender Meherdates defeated and killed by Parthians

50-323 10 Early Christian Persecutions 50

54 Ben Stada the Egyptian leads rebel Jews (Acts 21:38) 0.4

58 @Artaxata

59 @Tigranoceta Romans defeat Aermian King Tiridates I

60/61 Queen Boudicca of Britain leads rebellion 80

66 King Daru of Baekje captures a fortress from Silla in Korea

66-70 Jewish Revolt from Rome

66-71 First part of Jewish Revolt

68 Batavians, aided by Frisians, rebel against Nero

69 Roxolani invade Moesia

69 Roxollani invade Moesia & decimate Legion III Gallica

69-70 Septimus Severus defeats rivals

69-70 Vespasian crushes Batavian revolt under Julius Civilis

71-73 Jews killed in Jewish revolt 1337.49

72 Rome captures Samsat, Anatolia

72/73 @Masada Jewish rebels die 1

73 Alans plunder Media & Armenia, try to invade Parthia

74-94 A.D. Chinese conquer Turkestan

77 Romans conquer all of Britain

78 Romans conquer Ordovices in mid-Wales

c.80/90 A.D. Future emperor Domitions defeats the Chatti

c.80/90 A.D. Qdi, Sarmatians, and Marcomanni defeat Domitian

84 @Mons Graupius Romans defeat Scots

85-88/89 Dacians best the Romans

89 A.D. The Hsiung-Nu submit to China

88/89 A.D. Romans in Germany under Antonio Saturninus try to revolt

90 A.D. Decebalus defeats the Roman emperor Decius

92 A.D. Sarmatians destroy Roman Legion XXI in Panonia

94 Chinese in Central Asia

10/27/97 Praetorian guard tries to mutiny under Nerva

101-102 1st Dacian War: Trajan defeats King Decebalus +Bastarnae+Roxolani >4K Roman 8

105/106 Trajan conquers Petrea in Arabia

105-106 2nd Dacian War: Decebalus of Dacia tries to revolt

106 Trajan captures the Dacian capital of Sarmizegethusa

106 Chinese lose Tarim Basin

107 Roman campaign against Armenians and Parthians

108 Chinese Wu-ti conquers Korea

113-117 The Eastern War: Romans conquers Assyria and Armenia to attack Parthia

115 Jews revolt in Cyrene, N.Africa, Palestine, Egypt

116 Cyrene ~100K pop. rebels against Rome

115-117 Romans conquer Mesopotamia defeating Osroes of Parthia.

115/116 Trajan burns Seleucus on the Tigris ~600K pop

Romans might have won, except that Trajan got sick and died c. Aug. 8 117.

115 Britons rebel against Romans Eboracum sacked

117 Roxolani and Romans fight

123 Alans try to invade Anatolia

132-135 Jew Simon bar-Kochba rebels

133 The Alan people are defeated while invading Media

139 Bucolic revolt in Egypt

142 Romans conquer southern Scotland

150-230 Goths move from Sweden to Ukraine

159 @La Mojarra Olmec Harvest Mtn Lord stops coup by bro'-in-law

161 Parthian Vologaeses III invades Syria and Cappadocia

163 Roman Priscus sacks Artaxata, Armenia

164 Avidius Cassus destroys Seleucus on Tigris

165 Rome conquers Ctesiphon and Dura-Europa

166-167-180 Germans attack Austria

168-170 Civil War in China

170 Vandals enter into Romania

180 @Vienna Germans fight Romans; Marcus Aurelius dies

184-215 "5 Peck Rice" Taoist Yellow Turban Revolt in China

192 Chams rebel in S. Vietnam

194 Septimus Severus defeats Syrian governor Gaius Pescennius Niger

Many of Niger’s defeated troops flee to the Parthians

196 @Lugdunum Clodius Albinus defeated

197 Scottish tribes destroy Hadrian’s wall

197 @Lyons Septimus Severus kills pretender Decimus Clodius Albinus

198 Khazars and Basileens try to invade Armenia

198 Septimus Seveus captures Seleucia and Babylon, and sacks Ctesiphon

208- Septimus Severus defends Britain from revolt

208 Ardashir defeats and kills Shapur in Persia

209 Scots fight Romans

213-259 Alemanni fight Roman Caracella

215 Han crush rebellion is Szechuan

215 Roman Caracalla massacres many in Alexandria

216 Caracella captures King Vagarshak of Armenia in battle

6/7/218 @Imma Syrians rebel from Rome and win

220-221 Wei and Shu Dynasties in China

220 Goths invade Asia Minor

222-280 War in China Shu vs. Wu Dynasty

224-252 Parthian Shapur I conquers Armenia

224 @Hormizdagaz Sassaanian Ardashir I defeats Artabamus; killed

226 @Hormuz Persian Ardashir I overthrows Parthians

232 Romans try to invade Persia

236 Tiridates frees Armenia from Persians

236-238 Romans defeat Iazyges (Sarmatian tribe)

244 Parthians defeat Romans

248 Lin-yi pillage northern neighbors in China

248-250 Iazyges (Sarmatian tribe) raid Dacia

250-2997 Blemmyes (=Beja) from Eastern Desert attack Roman Egypt

250 Goths capture Olbia and invade Moesia

250-251 A.D. Emperor Decius orders empire-wide persecution of Christians

June/251 Ostrogoths kill Roman Emperor Decius in battle

254 Iazyges (Sarmatian tribe) raid Parthia

257 Aemilius, prefect of Egypt proclaims himself Emperor. General Theodotus defeats him

257-264 Goths begin raiding east Roman Empire.

4/24-25/260 Postumus defeats Juthungian Germans

260-269 Postumus sets up his own empire in NW Europe

260 Burgundians occupy Main valley

260 Sassanian Persians sack Antioch & capture Valerian

260-263 Odenathus of Palmyra defeats Persians

266-320 Axum invades Meroe, Sudan

268 Goths conquer Dacians

268 Goths sack Athens, Corinth, and Sparta

269 Postumus killed by his own troops

269-270 Claudius defeats Alemannin and Ostrogoths

270-275 Aurelian defeats Gallic confederacy

272 Aurelian defeats Queen Zenobia of Palmyra

281-282 Saxons raid NE Gaul

283 Roman Emperor Carus killed in battle by troops

283-296 Parthians fight with Rome and themselves

287 Revolt by Carausius and Romans in Britain

290-313 8 Roman expeditions to defeat Sarmatians

292 Coptos and other Egyptian cities destroyed after trying to revolt from Diocletian

296 Roman Constantius Chlorus fights Picts in Scotland

296 Persians defeat the Romans

296 Scottish tribes destroy Hadrian’s wall

297 Romans destroy Persian army

297-305 Blemmyes enter north Nubia

304-316/317 The Hsiung-Nu invade China

305 Power struggle among Romans

306 Constantius Chlorus fights Picts

310 Constantine the Great defeats Franks

311 Loyang, China sacked

312 Battle of Milvan Bridge

10/8/315-7/323/324 Constantine & 50K defeats Licinius & 50K 23

315-320 Chandragupta I founds Gupta Dynasty in India

316 Tatars sack Chang-an, Tsin China

322 Constantine defeats Visigoths

325-375 Axum invades Meroe, Sudan again

326 Constantius I dies fighting Picts

~335 Ethiopia conquers Axum

337 Sassanians besiege Nisibis

337 Constantius II defeats Germans & Sarmatians

338 Romans and Persians fight

8/10/350/353 @Mursa Constantius defeats Magnentius.Constantinus lost 30K vs. lost 24K

356-359 Roman Julian drives back Alemanni & Franks

357 @Strasborg Alemanni defeated

357 Constantinus II defeats Germans & Sarmatians

359 Roman-Persian Wars (Shapur II of Persia) 160

Persians capture Jerusalem 50K Jews died 50

~4th Century Axum (Ethiopia) and Meroe (Sudan) fight

360-433 Huns attack Europe

362 Goths capture Bosporan Kingdom

363 Persians take Nisibis and Mesopotamia from Julian + 65K Romans & Khazars

Fall/365 Revolt of Eastern part of Roman Empire

366 Alaric the Visigoth takes Ephesus

367-369 Athanaric tries in vain to attak the Roman Emperor Valens

367-369 Scottish tribes destroy Hadrian’s wall by a land/sea attack

369 Japanese try to invade Korea

370-375 Huns overrun Alans and Ostrogoths in Ukraine

376 Huns completely the Athanaric the Visigoth

~371-378 Aksum (Ethiopia) conquers Yemen

377 Goths invade Pannonia

378 @Adrianople II Visigoth Fridigern revolts & kills Roman Valens 10-15, or 20

383 Roman Magnus Maximus defeats & kills Roman Gratian

387 Antioch rebels

387/388 Theodosius captures Magnus Maximus

390 Byzantines crush Thessalonian rebellion 7

391 Japanese invade Silla, Korea, help Paekche

394-395 Campaign against Eugenius

395-397 Alaric the Visigoth invades Greece

400-440 Trier sacked 4 times

402-403 Visogoths invade Italy; Stilicho the Vandal defeats them

405 Stilicho the Vandal defeats Marcomanni, Quadi, Asding Vandals

405 Goths capture Cortona, Italy

406 @Fiesole Stilichus defeats Vandals, Suevii, & Burgundians

12/31/406 Marcom., Quadi, Asding &Siliing Vandals, some Alans in France

407 Constantine II controls Arles

409 Britain rebels

409 Vandals, Alans, & Suevi invade Iberia

409-413 Rebellion in Gaul

410 Bacaudae control Gaul

8/24/410 Visigoths under Alaric sack Rome

412 Visigoth Ataulf leaves Italy and defeats Honorius’ usurpers

414 Constantius III drives Visigoths out of France. Visigoths conquer Iberia from Vandals-Alans, & Suevi415 Visigoth Ataulf assassinated by a groom

421/422 Vandals defeat Romans

421-422 Perso-Byzantine War after Narseh severely persecutes Christians

424 Aetius + 60K Roman mercenaries (mainly Huns) defeat Ioannes

425-250 Nobades & Blemmyes attack Egypt

428 Gaiseric & 80K Vandals occupy N. Africa

430 Vandals besiege Hippo

~430-453 Huns on the march

432 Huns invade Hungary

435 Romans plus Huns defeat Burgundians

436 Alemanni and Huns against Burgundians

439 @Toulouse Litorius' Hun mercenaries annihilated

439 Persians attack the Byzantines

440-465 White Huns finally overrun India

440 Gaiseric the Vandal conquers Sicily

442 Rome defeats Sasanid Yazdegerd II

443 Burgundians invade later Burgundy

443-534 Franks slowly conquer Burgundians

446 Confucianists persecute Buddhists in China

449 Armenians and Georgians revolt from Persian persecution

449 Jutes under Hengest and Horsa conquer Kent

450 Huns sack Milan

451 Armenian Vardan II mamikonian declares Holy War against Persia

451 Huns try to take Paris

9/20/451 @Chalons Aertius+Romans+Visigoths defeat Huns 62.5

453 Huns finally fall

453-500 King Silko of Nubian Nobades drives out Blemmyes

455 Vandals under Gaiseric sack Rome

456 Franks conquer Cologne

460 White Huns defeat Kushans of Afghanistan

461 Avars conquer Uighurs

461-496 Avars fighting

469-478 Visigoths conquer Spain

470 Goths and Alans capture Catalonia

472 Visigoths defeat Iazyges (Sarmatian tribe)

473 Visigoths capture Tours

476 Odoacer the Ostrogoth enters Italy

480 White Huns destroy Guptas in India

481 Visigoths take Prevencal coast from Burgundians

481-484 Armenians revolt from Persia

484 Arians persecute Christians in Tipasa, Algeria

484 Hephthalites attack Persia

484 White Huns kill Sassanian Emperor Peroz

486 Clovis the Frank conquers Soissons

487 Odoacer annihilates Rugians

488-489 Theodoric & Ostrogoths enter Italy

493 Odoacer overthrown by Theodoric the Goth

496 Clovis I & Franks defeat Allemani axes vs. spears & arrows

500-600 Chanla conquers Funan in SE Asia

503 @Mt. Badon Britons under Arthur defeat Saxons

505 Langobards defeat Herulians

507 @Vouillé Clovis defeats Visigoths

507/508 Franks under Clovis capture Tours

508 Goths defeat Heruli

523 Frank Chlotar I fights Burgundians

523 Kavadh massacres Mazkak's partisans in Persia

524 Toba Wei defeated by non-Chinese frontier soldiers

524-531 Romans & Persians ending in 'Eternal Peace'

525 Christian Ethiopians flee Ethiopian-Jewish persecution, to Yemen

525 Ethiopia defeats Yemen

527-568 Justinian persecutes the Monophysite Copts in Egypt

529 Lakhmid al-Mundhir III retakes Al-hirah from Kindahs

530 Belisarius & Romans defeat Syrians 8

531 Saxons and Frank Chlotar I destroy Thuringians

532 Frank Chlotar I fights Visigoths

532 Silla subjugates E Kaya, Korea

532 Nika riot in Hippodrome, Constantinople 1/2 city burned

532 Belisarius the Byzantine kills 30K rebels 30

533-534 @North Africa Belisarius the Byzantine destroys Vandals

533 @Oberstein in Germany

535 Belisarius the Byzantine conquers Sicily

535/539-553 Milan destroyed

536 Belisarius the Byzantine captures Naples, Italy

540 Belisarius destroys Vandals

540-562 War between Byzantines and Persians

540 Persians sack Antioch

542 Frank Chlotar I attacks Visigoths

543 Ly family revolt in Vietnam

543-548 Belisarius fights Ostrogoths

546 Ostrogoph Totila captures Rome

547-551 Battles between Gepidae and Langobards

549-561 Persians fight Byzantines, Armenians, and Georgians

550 Chitrasena & Bhavavarman of Chenla conquer Funan

552 Paekche menaced in Korea; appeal to Japan

552-553 Byzantines destroy Ostrogoths

553 @Mt. Vesuvius Osotrogoths almost annihilated

554 Byzantines conquer S & SE Spain

555 Last Ostrogotth fortress fell

555 Franks repress Saxon rebellion

556 Axe war: Caracol (pop 179K) vs. Tikal Mayans (pop. 450K)

557 Narses the Byzantine represses Heruli revolt

558-562 Belisarius fights Bulgars

562 Tikal Mayan reprisal for axe war

562 Japanese driven out of Korea

562 Silla subjugates W Kaya, Korea

563 Avars take Eastern Thuringia from the Franks

565 Turks defeat White Huns in India

566 Gepidae defeat Langobards

568-572 Langobards and Lombards conquer N.Italy & Rome

568 @Wibbandune Ceawlin defeats Aethelbert of Kent

569 Lombards capture Milan

570 Abyssinians conquer Yemen (Southern Arabia)

570 Abyssinians attack Mecca; withdraw with smallpox

570 Persians occupy Yemen (Southern Arabia)

c.570/590 Fijar Wars between the Quraysh+allies and other Arabs

572-591 Byzantines and Persians fight

573 Turks invade the Caucasus (Khazars enter Russia)

574-577 Confucianists persecute Buddhists in China

575 Persians defeat Ethiopians in South Arabia

575 Visigoths take most of Spain from the Romans

576 Lombards under Alboin defeat Gepidae

577 Emperor Wen conquers Szechuan

581 Avars recpature Belgrade from Romans

584 Visigoths in Spain conquer the Suevi kingdom

587 @Shigisen, Honshu Soga family keeps Japan

588-589 Sui Emperor Wen conquers part of China

588 Persian general Bahram defeats Turks

589 Romans defeat Persians

589 Revolt against Hormizd II in Persia

589 Sui Dynasty captures Chien Kang

589 Arabs,Khazars,Turks invade Persia in vain

589 Wen-Ti conquers Ch'en and reunites China

590 Romans regain much of the lnad lost to Lombards

591 Romans help Chosroes II regain the Persian throne

592 Austrasia-Burgundy attacks Chlotar II of Neustria

595 Sui reconquer Tongking

596 Neustria takes some of Austrasia

598 Slavs and Avars severely raid Bosnia

599/600 Neustria loses itis conquests in Austrasia

601 @Viminacium Byzantines defeat Avars 20

602 Byzantine Army Civil War Phocas new Emperor

603 A@Daegsastan Aethelfrith of Northumbria idan & Dalriad Scots

607-610 Byzantine Civil War; Heraclius defeats Phocas

610-611 Heraclius assumes power and stops the revolt

611-613 Sassanian Khusrau captures Antioch

612 Visigoths in Spain take some of the Byzantine land

613 Pepin the Elder & Arnulf overthrow Brunhild of Austrasia

613-641 Persian-Byzantine Wars

614 @Chester Aethelfrith of Northumbria defeats the Welsh

Massacred the monks were gathered to aid the Welsh by prayer

613/614 Sassanian Persians take Damascus

June 614 /615A.D. Sassanian Khusrau takes Jerusalem 35K enslaved 66.509

615 Sassanians besiege Constantinople

616 Chosroes II of Persia captures Alexandria

616 @Chester 1,200 Monks massacred from Bangor, Wales 1.2

617 Pre-Islamic battle of Bu’ath between rival clans of Medina

617 @Idle River Reswald of E. Anglia kills Northu. Oswaldo (Aethelfrith)

619-628 Sassanian Chosroes II capture Alexandria and Egypt

~620 Abrah's army outside of Mecca

622-627 Heraclius holds off Persians and Avars and recaptures Anatolia in 623 A.D.

623-627 Heraclius retakes Cilicia, Armenia, Caucasian Albania, and Azerbaijan

628 Haraclius stops an Avar attack on Constantinople

12/627 @Ninevah Heraclius the Byzantine + Khazars defeat Persians

Spr/628 Heraclius takes holy Persian city of Dastagird/Dastgird and sacks Khusraw’s palace

622-632 First phase of Muslim conquests

623 Byz. Heraclius captures Dwin and Nakhicheran, Armenia

624 @Uhud the Meccans defeated the Muslims

625 Persians fail to take Constantinople

626 Avars and Persians besiege Constantinople

626 Byzantines drive Persians from Egypt

626 Muslims conquer Syria

627 Muslims defeat Djuna tribe

8/628 @Khaibar Muslims massacre Jews

629 Byzantines defeat Muslim army

630 Mohammed recaptures Mecca

630 ‘Algamah bin Mujazziz leads a disastrous naval expedition to Ethiopia

630-670 Tibetans fight Tu u hun

632-641 Second Phase of Muslim Conquests

632 @Hatfield, England King Edwin defeated

632 Frank Dagobert I conquers Aquitaine,Burgundy

633 @Heathfield Mercians defeat Edwin & Northumbrians in England

634 Osric of Bernicia dies in battle

634-642 Muslims conquer Persia

635 Oswald has a vision of St. Columba of victory in battle

635 Muslims capture Beirut & Damascus

635/636/7 @al-Qadissiyat 30 K Muslims decisively defeat 120K Persians 36

636/637 A.D. @Marj al-Rum Muslims fight the Romans

636/637 A.D. @Qinnasrin Muslims and Byzantines fight

637/638 Muslims conquer Jerusalem after bloody siege

637-640 8K Muslims capture al-Frama and Egypt

638 Muslims capture Antioch,Caesarea,Tripolis,Tyre

638 Armenian nobles overthrow Dawith Saharuni

639-642 15.5K Muslims conquer Egypt

640 Croats defeat Avars in Yugoslavia

640 ‘Muslim ‘Amr captures Alexandria -14 month siege (Byz. did not aid)

640 Muslims first raid in Armenia

641 Lombards with Rotui capture Genoa

641 Muslims conquer Cyrenaica

8/5/642 @Maserfield Oswald of Northumbria killed

642 Third Phase of Muslim Conquests: Persia

642 Muslims sack Dwin, Armenia

643 Armenian Theodor defeats Arabs

643 Muslims capture Tripoli, Libya

644 Byzantine Manuel tries to revolt from Muslims in Alexandria, Egypt

645 Byzantines recapture Alexandria

645 Chinese invade Koguryo, Korea

646 Greeks recapture Alexandria after ‘Amr relieved of command

646 Muslim ‘Amr recaptures Alexandria

647 Carthage proclaims independence; Arabs unwittingly help Byzantines

647 Muslims take Caesarea, Anatolia

647 Chinese invade Koguryo, Korea

648/649 Muslim fleet takes Cyprus (no fighting) 0

~648-668 Tang Chinese conquer Korea

649-657 Tang Chinese defeat Turks

650 Tihuanaco Empire starts in Peru

652 Muslim fleet successfully defends Alexandria from Byzantines

652 Byzantines and Arabs fight in Sicily

654 Muslim fleet ravages Cos and Rhodes

651/652 or 655 @Alexandria Battle of Masts Muslim fleet defeats Byzantines

651/652 or 655 Muslim expedition against Ethiopia

655 Oswy of Northumbria defeats Penda of Mercia

656 Battle of the Camel (Jamal) ‘Ali defeats A’isha. Talhah and al-Zubayr are killed. 10

657/658 ‘Ali killed many Kharijites. Only 7 of ‘Ali’s companions killed. ~2

657-661 Civil Wars among Muslims

7/657 @Siffin Caliph Uthman killed

658 Nahrawan Ali kills most of Ibn Wahb's followers

660 Silla conquers Baekje in Korea

660-663 Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans fight in Korea

661-750 Fourth phase of Muslim conquests

661 Muslims defeat Khazars

661/662 Muslims fight the Kurds

661/662 Mu’awiyah fights the Khairjites

662 Constans and 20K Byzantines capture Benevento

663 Constans II sacks Lucera, in Apulia, Italy

665/666 Winter raid of ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Khalid bin Walid and Muslims on Byzantines

666/667 Mu’awiyah feared ‘Abd al-Rahman’s popularity, so Mu’awiyah had him poisoned

666/667 al-Khatim and Sahm bin Ghalid revolt from Mu’awiyah

668 Byzantines revolt; Constans assassinated

668 Korea unified as Silla

669/670 Winter raid of Muslims on Byzantines

670-679 Chinese stop Tibetans

670-678 Arabs besiege Constantinople; Greek fire holds them off

670/671 Winter raid of Muslims on Byzantines

671/672 Muslims raid the Byzantines

672/673 Muslims raid the Byzantines

673/674 Muslims raid the Byzantines

670 Samurah bin Jundah, the Muslim governor of Basrah, killed 47 Qur’an collectors

670 Muslims Qarib and Zuhhaf try to revolt against Mu’awiyah

670/671 Muslims raid the Byzantines

671 Muslims raid the Byzantines

671 Muslims conquer Quhistan

672 Muslims capture the island of Rhodes from the Byzantines

672/673 Muslims raid the Byzantines

673/674 Muslims raid the Byzantines

676 Athelred of Mercia invades Kent, captures Rochester

676 Koreans rebel against Chinese

676/677 Muslims raid the Byzantines

677/678 Muslims raid the Byzantines

677/678 Some Khairjite Muslims rebel.

678 Rebellian in Tikal, Yucatan

678/679 Muslim ‘Amr bin Murrah led the winter campaign against the Byzantines

679 @Trent, England Aetherlred of Mercia defeatsNorthumbria

679/680 Muslims fight the Turks, raid Sawriyah, Cyprus

679/680 Byzantines attack the Muslims

@Dagasta Northumbrians defeat Scots & Picts

10/10/680 Umayyad Yazid I & 4K men kill (Shiite) Husain/Hysayn ibn 'Ali

680-685 Meccans revolt against Yazid I

683 Failed revolt against Empress Wu in China

684 AD. Kharijites revite and create a state in central Arabia

685 Khazars take Georgia from Muslims

685 Northumbrians try to invade Pictland

685 @Nechtansmere in Angus the Picts defeat the Angles

687 Ethiopia and Nubia fight

689 @Tetry Pepin the Younger unites Franks

689 Pepin of Herstal conquers Frisians

697-698 Muslims capture Carthage

700 Muslims capture Tunis; Christianity in north Africa greatly reduced

700/750 Teotihuacan falls in Mexico 50

700-1056 Visigoth Christians vs. Moors in Spain

702 Ethiopians attack Arab ships in Red Sea; Arabs take Ethiopian ports

706 Chanla Kingdom split in two

707 Muslims capture Tangiers

100k Byzantines & Leo I in 1,113 ships lose to Vandals

709 Muslims capture Ceuta

710 Rebellion in Seville

711 @Guadalete Moors defeat Roderic & Visigoths

711-719 Moors defeat Visigothic kingdom of Spain

713 Moors capture Barcelona

715 Byzantine military revolt

716 Discord on the Steppe after Qapaghan Qaghan's death

8/15/717-8/15/18 Muslims besiege Constantinople

717 Toledo falls to Moors

718 @Covadonga Christians defeat Moors in Spain

718 Sicily tries to rebel from Byzantines

720-729 Khazars and Muslims fight in Armenia

722 Vietnamese revolt from Chinese

5/3/738 Mayan king Seventeen Rabbit captured and killed

725 Coptic Rebellion in Egypt

727 Cyclades try to rebel from Byzantines

727-~730 Byzantine Leo Iconoclast vs. Italians

730 The Scot Angus McFergus conquers Strathclyde & Dalriada

732 Abd-ar-Rahman defeats rebellious Berber Othman in Spain

732 Abd-ar-Rahman defeats Eudo, Duke of Aquitaine

732 Abd-ar-Rahman sacks monastery St. Hilaire

732 @Tours Charles Martel's 30K Frank infantry defeat

Abd ar-Rahman & 80K Muslims

737 @Norbonne Charles Martel + some Lombards defeat Moors

Charlemagne's Empire

739 Copts rebel again in Egypt

744 Uigurs conquer Mongolia and make new capital at Karakorum

747/747 ‘Abdallah bin Mu’awiyah leads a Shi’ite revolt (129 A.H.)

747-750 Abbasids destroy Umayyad Empire

747 Some Muslims revolt against Umayyads over Kharaj

748 Muslims sack Baalbek

750-945 Fifth phase of Muslim Conquests

~750 Central Teotihuacan, Mexico sacked

751 Aistulf the Lombard captures Ravenna

751 @Talas River Muslims defeat Chinese

755-763 An Lushan l+ 200K troops rebel in China

755-756 Franks help Pope & drive Lombards from Italy

756 @Alcluith Eadbert defeast British

759-760 Christians revolt in Lebanon

760-765 Chinese Guo Zi Yi stops Tangut and other rebellion

760-830 Another kingdom conquers Dos Pilas, Mexico

762-763 A.D. Revolt of Muhammad the Pure Soul

763 Tibetans capture Chinese capital of Chang-an

763 Guo Zi Yi retakes Chang-an

768 Dos Pilas conquest in Yucatan

768-838 Dos Pilas fighting

~770 Karen and Mon defeat the Pyu of Burma

771-772 Armenian Mushegh Mamikonia tries to revolt

772-804 Charlemagne conquers Saxons

774-777 Charlemagne defeats Lombards and annexes Lombardy

774 Malay pirates raid Champa and Cambodia

777 Byzantines successfully campaign against Muslims

778 Franks capture Navarre

778 @Pass of Roncesvalles Basques & Navarreses defeat Franks

778 Charlemagne conquers Bavaria

778 @Roncesvalles, Pyrenees Moors + Basques defeat Franks

780 Byzantines successfully campaign against Muslims

781 Muslims defeat Mokanna, Muslim heretic

785-801 Charlemagne conquers Spain

785 Charlemagne captures Gerona, Spain

787 Malay pirates raid Champa and Cambodia

790 First Viking (mostly Dane) attack Britain

791 @Beiting Tibetans defeat Chinese + Uighurs

791/795-796/797 Charlemagne conquers Avars in Pannonia

793/795 Vikings burnLindsfarne & Iona monasteris in Britain

795 Moors recapture Gerona, Spain

798 Muslims take Balearic Islands

800 Norwegian Vikings first raid Ireland

800 Vikings invade Germany

801 Frank Charlemagne captures Barcelona

805 Frank Charlemagne defeats Avars

806 Franks capture Navarre

809-813 AD. Muslim Civil War with Kharijites

810 Vikings raid Frisia (Low Countries)

811 Byzantines destroy Pannonian Bulgars; raze Pliska

7/26/811 Krum the Bulgar defeats Byzantines

812 @Kilarney Irish defeat Vikings

812 Franks capture Navarre

813 Krum the Bulgar besieges Constantinople

814 Krum the Bulgar again besieges Constantinople

814-815 AD. Shi’ites rebelled at Kufa and Basra

814-838 Holy Roman Empire Wars

815-817 Tang Emperor Xianzong subdues Huaixi

816-837/838 Azerbaijani Muslim rebellion

820 Norwegians raid Ireland

822 Vikings raid Loire

822 Mayan cities of Copan and Tikal mysteriously deserted

823-826 Muslims conquer Crete

827 Saracens conquer Sicily

830 War between Louis and his sons

832 Nanchao of Yunnan sack the Pyu capital

833-843 Civil War in Germany under HRE Emperor Louis I

834 Picts defeat Scots

835 Vikings raid Europe en masse

836 Venice unsuccessfully attacked by Saracens

838 Muslims defeat Greeks 100

840's In Ireland war between Norwegian & Danish Vikings

840 Mazyar bin Qarain tries to revolt against Caliph al-Mu’tasim

6/25/841 Lothair I defeated by brothers

843 Tang Dynasty takes Lan-Chou

843-844 Danes defeat Aethelwulf of West Saxons

845 Vikings burn Hamburg, Germany

845/850 Confucianists persecute Buddhists in China

848 Muslims conquer Cyprus

850 Due to persecution in China, Zen Buddhism splits into 5 sects

850 Chola Vijayalaya capture Tanjore

850 Kenneth I of Scotland defeats Picts

850 @Mouth of Parret River, Aethelwulf defeats Danes

851 @Wigganburg Ceorl and Devonshire defeat Danes

851 @Sandwich Aethelstan of Kent defeats Danes

851 @AcleaAethelwulf and Aethelbald defeat Aclea

851 Danes raid Ireland

853 Aethelwulf conquers northern Welsh

854 Muslims conquer Rhodes

857 Norse & Irish together destroy the Gaille Gaedhel "sons of death"

860 Aethelbert defats Danes after they sacked Winchester

860 Danes sack Pisa, Luna Italy

860 200 Varangian long ships attack Consta.; Virgin's robe used

865 Ivar the Boneless, others, and Danes conquer East Anglia

866 Bulgars revolt against Christianity, Boris I killed

866-871 The Great Army (Danes) conquer York, rensme it Jorvik

867 Danes destroy monastery of Whitby in England

867 Danes conquer Northumbria

870 Muslims conquer Malta

871 Muslims capture Kabul, Afghanistan

871 @Merton Danes kill Anglo-Saxon Ethelred

871-878 Danes conquer all of England but Wessex

872/890 Harold I Fairhair unifies Norway

875 Danes invade Scotland

878 Alfred the Great defeats the Danes

879 A.D. Canton, China is looted

880-904 Civil War in China Tang Dynasty ends

884 Count Ingelger + 6K fight at Auxerre

885 @Hafrsfjord Harold Fairhair defeats Western Norwegians

885 Norwegian Harold Fairhair takes Orkneys from Vikings

887 Arnulf revolts in Germany

891 Arnulf repulses Vikings from Germany

892 Alfred the Great of Wessex defeats Danes

894-896 Arnulf fights in Italy Guy of Spoleto 894

896 Arnulf the German captures Rome

899 Quarmatians revolt in Arabia

900 Saracens unsuccessfully attack Venice

906 Khuc Thua Du and Vietnamese rebel against Chinese

906 Magyars invade Germany

907 Varangian Oleg and 2,000 boats force terms on Constantinople

907-1123 Mongols take Inner Mongolia & north China

907-960 Civil War in China

908 @Belach Mugna, Kildare Leinster defeats Munster

914 Norse take Waterford, Ireland

914 Tomrain & Danes burn Clonmacuris

918-935 Goreyo gradually conquers Silla in Korea

918-943 Irish Murtogh attacks Danes in ireland, Hebrides & N. Scotland

920 Norse take Limerick, Ireland

923 Rudolf II defeats Lombard Berengar I

-924 Muslims fight in Italy

924 Croats rebel against Byzantines

926 Mongol Khitans overthrow Manchu P'o-hai

926 Bulgaria (strongest in Europe) conquers Serbia

934 Aethelstan of England invades Scotland

934 Dinh Dynasty in Vietname rebels from China

935 Koryo Dynasty begins in Korea: Silla overthrown

937 @Brunanburh, Scot. Athelstand defeats Olaf Godfreyson & Scots

938-939 @Boch Dang River Ngo Quyen defeats China -submerged spears

938 Otto I & Thankar? fight

939 Henry & Giselbert of Lrraine revolt against Otto I

939 Civil War in Japan

941 Constantinople saved from Russians by Gr. fire 10k ships sunk

942 Otto I & Frank Louis IV fight

943-944 Varangians lay waste Azerbaijan

945 Scots take Cumberland and Westmorland

946 Otto & Ludolf fight

950 Aryans give Cholas a defeat Pallavas and found their empire

950 Otto I conquers Bohemia

950-951 Beg of Dundalle & Irish defeat Danes & Dublin

951 Otto I intervenes in Lombardy and conquers it

962-971 Sviatoslav, last non-Christian Russian Emp.r, wages continual war

953 Fighting in Lorraine, Swabia

955 Magyars attack Bosnia

955 Fighting in Saxony and Bavaria Gero of East Saxon Mark wins

955 @Augsburg King Otto I defeats Magyars and Slavs

960 Byzantines recapture Antioch

960 Norwegian Christian Haakon dies in battle

960-979 Song Emperors Taizu and Taizong conquer part of China

961 Byzantines take Crete

962 Turk Alptigin rebels and takes Ghazni

963 Gero, margrave of East Saxon mark defeats Lusatian Poles

965 Byzantines take Cyprus

965 Svyatoslaw of Kiev destroys Khazar Empire

965-966 @West China revolt against Song

967 Marmathians sack Mecca

968 Norse lose Limerick, Ireland

968 Croat Kresimir conquers Bosnia

969 Russians capture Bulgarian capital

969 Fatimids conquer Egypt

970-972 Byzantines help Bulgars

971 Scots and Picts raid Britons

971 Russians fight Bulgars

972 Russian Prince Sviatoslav killed in Patzinak ambush

972 Byzantines conquer eastern half of Bulgar Empire

976 Otto II suppresses rebellion by Henry II

978-1000 Jewish Queen Judith of Axum persecutes Christians

978 Otto II defeats Lothair

979 Danes again ravage England

980 @Mara Irish King Malachy II defeats Danes

980 Kenneth II conquers Bernicia

980 @Tara, Ireland Danes defeat Olaf the Red

981-1185 Monks run amok in Japan

982 Greeks and Saracens defeat Otto II In South Italy

982 Dinh Dynasty in Vietnam invades Champa

985 Irish king Brian Boru raids Meath, Ireland

985 Harold Bluetooth of Denmark killed in revolt by his son Sweyn I.

985 Cholas of India invade Malabar coast of India

988 Javanese fight Shrivijaya

988-990 Mieszko I unites Poland

989 Banu Ya'fad sack Zabid

993 Indians destroy Polonnaruwa, Sinhalese capital

993-1018 Koreans and Manchus fight

994 Fatimids defeat Byzantines on Orontes River

999 @Glennman Irish decisively defeat Danes 7

1000-1160 Toltec Empire to the Yucatan

1000 Venetian Doge Pieta Orseola II defeats Nevestra pirates

1000 @Svolder King Olaf Tryggvason killed

1000 Rajendra and Cholas sacks Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka

1000-1025 Mahmud of Ghazni expands Afghan Empire and raids India

1001-1014 Basil I II the Byzantine defeats Samual the Bulgar

12/2/1001 Aetherlred II massacres Danes

1002-1004 Sweyn the Dane plunders England Aethelred II pays them in 1005

1002-1050 Khmer conquests

1003 Exteter, England destroyed by Danes

1004 Irish High King Brian Boru invades Ulster & raids N & W Britain

1004 Song Empire in China and Khitan fight to a draw

1004 Thetford and Norwich sacked

1004 Pavia destroyed in Italy

1006-1007 Danes return to plundering England. Aethelred II pays Danes $46K

1007 Cholas raid Aryan kingdoms in the Deccan

1008 Mahmud of Ghazni defeats north Indian alliance

1009 Ly Dynasty begins in Vietnam

1009 Mahmud of Ghazni sacks Kangri

1011 Mahmud of Ghazni sacks Thanesao, India

1013 Dane Sweyn I (Forkbeard) invades Anglo-Saxon England

1014 @Struma Basil II defeats Bulgarians 14K binded

4/23/1014 @Clontarf (Clowliffe) Brian/20K Irish defeat 20KDublinDanes 13

1015 Spaniards retake Gerona, Spain from Moors

1018 @Carham Scots defeat Northumbrians

1018 Mahmud of Ghazni sacks Muttra in north India

1019 Basil II conquers Bosnia

1021 Rajendra and Cholas invade Bengal

10/17-20/1024 Mahmud takes Somnath Temple in India 50

1025 Cholas of India raid Sri Vijaya in Malaysia

1028 Canute conquers Norway

1029 Mahmud of Ghazni defeats Seljuks

1030 @Stiklestad Danes & Nor. rebels kill Norwegian Olaf II Haraldson

1030 Cholas under Rajenda raid Shrivijaya on Malaysia & Sumatra

1032 Byzantines take Edessa from Muslims

1035 A band of 10K Seljuk horsemen invade Khorasan

1035-1047 William of Normandy puts down revolt. Final battlel @Caen

1037 Seljuks capture Nishapur and Merv, Khurasan

1037 Polish rebels depose Casimir I

1037-1040 King Harold Harefoot of England fights Hardecanute.

1038-1044 Tangut Li Yuanheo attacks northwest China

1038 Byzantines take East Sicily

1038 Seljuk Toghril Beg takes NE Iran

1039-1045 Turkish-Afghan War

1040 @Vsenbsky Passs Bretislav I defeats German Henry II

1040 @Elgign, Macbeth kills Duncan, King of Scots

1040 @Dandanqan Seljuks defeat Ghaznavids

1040-1075 Seljuks take Armenia,Iran,Iraq,Syria,Israel

1041 Sung Dynasty take Lan-Chou

1043 Magnus I of Denmark & Norway, defeats Wends

1044-1077 Burmese under Aniruddha annex Mon kingdom of Thaton

1045 Byzantines retake Ani from Muslims

1047-1066 Harold II of Norway fights Danes

1047 @Val-es-Dunes William of Normandy defeats Guy of Burgundy

1048 William and King Henry defeat Geoffrey Martel of Anjou.

1048 Seljuk leader Togrul raids Armenia

9/1052 Earl Godwine forcefully reenters England regains his power

1052-1492 Christians reconquer Spain

1052-1053 Nang Chih-Kao revolts in Kwangsi

6/17/1053 @Civitate, Italy Robert Guiscard & Richard crush army & capture

Pope Leo IX

1054 Abdallah Benyassim begins conquering West Africa

1054 Wm. the Conqueror defeats Henry I of France and Geoffrey Martel

1057 Pagan defeats Thaton, Mon in Burma

1057 @Lumphanan, Malcom Canmore defeats Macbeth.

1058 Calabria revolts from Norman Robert Guiscard

1058 Boleslav II of Poland conquers Upper Slovakia

1058 Malcom Canmore kills Lulach in battle

1058 Wm. the Conqueror defeats Henry I of France and Geoffrey Martel

1058-1492 Spain fights Moors

1059 Hungarians and Pachenegs raid Byzantines

1059 Seljuks recapture Baghdad

1060-1090 Normans conquer Sicily

1061 Malcolm Canmore invades Northumbria

1063 William of Normandy conquers Maine

1063 Harold and Tostig conquer Wales

1063 Kutulmush tribe fights Alp Arslan

1063 Otto of Nordheim fights Vavarians

1064 Alp Arslan captures Ani & Kar?rs, Armenia

1065 @Anin Turks fight

1065 Northumbria revolts against Tostig

9/25/1066 @Stamford Bridge Nor. Harold III Hadraada killed 1.8Kmen200ship

9/28-10/14/1066 7K Normans in700 ships conquer England (7k vs. 10k, pop. 1.5M)7

1066 Musims massacre Jewish men in Toledo

1066-1069 Normans conquer all of England

1067 @Caesarea, Analtolia Turks fight

1068 Seljuk Melik-Ghazi sacks Neocaesarea

1068 Angles and Danes destroy Norman castle at York 0.5

1069-1071 Normans besiege and capture Bari, Italy from Italian/Greek rebels

1069 "Harrying of the North" Normans lay waste countryside

1069 Otley and Yorkshire England are destroyed

1070 @Fens, East England Saxons revolt

1071 Seljuk Turks capture Jerusalem

8/1071 @Manzikert Seljuks defeat Byzantines; Crusades Organized

1071 Henry and Otto of Nordheim fight

1072 Normans defeat Hereward the Wake in England

1072 Normans invade Scotland

1073 Saxons revolt from Normans

1075 Norman Ralph de Guader tries to revolt in England

1075 Seljjuk Malik Shah conquers Syrian and Palestine

1075 Vietnamese make pre-emptive raid into Sung China

1075 Saxons revolt

1076-1077 Chinese retaliate against Vietnamese

1076-1077 Muslims raze Ghana's capital

1080 Seljuks capture Kayseri, Turkey

1081 @Durazzo, Illyria Robert Guiscard defeats Byzantine Alexius I

1082 Norman Robert Guiscard takes Durazzo, Albania

1083 Norman Robert Guiscard captures Kastoria from English

1084 Muslim Ghazni sacks Somnath, India

1085 Toledo falls to Castilians in Spain

1085 Danes threaten England

1086 Byzantines lose South Italy

1087 @Tunis Papal army defeats Muslims; possible start of Crusades

9/71087 Wm. the Conqueror falls & dies fighting Philip I of France

1089 William Rufus of England invades Normandy

1090 Normans conquer Malta from Muslims

1090 Hashashins capture Alamut in the Elburz Mountains

1091 William Rufus of England conquers Scotland

1091 William Rufus of England invades Normandy

7/1091 @Dorylaeum 70K Crusaders beat 250 Muslims 4K+30K 34

1092 Cyprus tries to revolt brom Byzantines

1094-1096 William Rufus of England invades Normandy

1094-1164 English fight to conquer Wales

1095/6-1272/1291 Crusades 50

1096 Soldiers of the First Crusade kill Jews

1096 Turks defeat disorganized Peter the H. & Crusaders in Anatolia

1097 Crusaders massacre Nusayris (‘Alewites) at Mt. Lebanon

1097 Crusaders capture Kahramanmaras, Turkey

1098 @Anglesey Magnus III of Norway defeats Normans

~? Near end of Chola Empire Shiva & Vishnu worshippers fight

~1100-1400 Incas control Cuzco Valley

1100's Revolts in Cambodia

1100's Moors persecute Jews, many flee to England

1103 Irish kill Norwegian Magnus III (Barelegs) in Ulster

1107 @Durazzo Byz. Alexis I Comneneus defeats Norman Bohemund I

1110 Crusaders capture Beirut, Lebanon

1115-1420 @Yugoslavia, Hungary, & Venice fight 21 wars

1120 Kurds & Ismailis defeat 25K Nusayris

1123 Suryavarman II of Cambodia attacks Annam

1123 Nusayris + some Ismailis defeat Kurds

1124 Louis VI of France repels Norman Henry I

1124 Crusaders capture Tyre

1125 Sung and Jin destroy Liao Empire

1126/1127 Jin (Juchen) capture Kaifeng, Northern Song capital

1127 Abbasids rebel from Seljuks

1128 Albert I or Brandenberg fights Udo of Lusatia in vain.

1135 Pisans sack Amalfi, Italy

1137 Pisans sack Amalfi again

1137-1138 John II Comnenus conquers Cilicia

1138 Alfonso I of Portugal rebels against his mother

1141 @North China Karakitai defeat Seljuk Sanjur

1146 Revolt in India kills Zangi

1146 Normans conquer Barbary Coast

1147 Crusade against the Wends

1147 Henry the Lion fights HRE Conrad III

1147 Byzantines and Venetians drive Normans out of Corfu

1150 Suryavarman II of Cambodia attacks Annam

1150 Cambodia and Champa fight

1150 Ghurids take Ghazni

1152-1453 War of Whiskers between England & France

1154 Nur ad-Din retakes Damascus

1155-6/1155 Arnold of Brescia briefly seizes Rome. He is hanged

7/1156 Hogen Disturbance in Japan

10/23/1157 Valdemar I or Denmark defeated Sweyn III for Danish throne

1157-1159 HRE fights Milan

1158-1169 Valdemar I destroys Wendish pirates in the Baltic

1159 Heiji Disturbance in Japan

1160 @Mexico Fall of Tula

1161 @Ts’ai-Shih explosives used to defeat the Chin

1162 South Sung fight Chin

1162 Frederick I razes Milan

1162 Alsonso I of Portugal takes Beja, south Portugal from Moors

1163-1168 Greek-Hungarian War

1166-1168 Henry the Lion defeats league against him

1167 Andrey of Suzdal sacks Kiev

1167 Amalric captures Cairo, Egypt

1168 Valdemar I of Denmark captures Arkona on Rugen River in Russia

1168 Saladin and Arabs recapture Cairo, Egypt from Fatimids

1173-1174 Ayyubids take Yemen from Shiite Zurayids

1175 Mahmud of Ghazni fights in India

1176 @Legnano Lombard League defeats Frederick I

1177 @Krakow, Poland Casimir II defeats Miexzko

1177 SE Asia: Champa kingdom sacks Angkor in surprise attack

1181 @Dysiaa Valdemar I of Denmark defeats Scanian rebels

~1181 Khmers sack Vijaya, Champa capital

1184 Philip fighting in Flanders

1185 @Dannoura Yoritomo destroys Tiara family & Antoku Tenno

1185 Bulgars Peter & Ivan Belgur revolt from Byzantines

1185 Igor Fights Polovtsy. Wins then loses

118601187 Bulgars and Vlachs revolt from high Byzantine taxes

1187 Saladin takes Beirut, Lebanon and Jerusalem

1187 Yoritoma destroys Fujiwara family

1187 Byzantine revolt under Alexis Branas crushed

1190 English fight Moors in Portugal

1190-1195 Byzantines fight Vlachs

1191 Richard I of England takes Cyprus

1192 Crusaders capture Jerusalem 70

1193 G. Khan+10K wins first battle against Father-in-law Ung Khan

1194 Last of Seljuk leaders dies in battle in Persia

1195 Andrei Bogolyubsky of Suzdal sacks Kiev

1196 Bulgarians revolt against Byzantines

1196 Kalpi in India was conquered for the princes of Ghor

~1200 Chichen Itza sacked in the Yucatan, Mexico

1200 Hoysalas attack the Chola Empire from the west in India

1200 Pandyas attack the Chola Empire from the south in India

1200 Alfonso VIII of León & Castille captures Vitoria, N. Spain

1202 Valdemar II of Denmark conquers Holstein

1202 Venetians capture Trieste

1202-1217 Civil war in Norway

1204 Frank Duke Boniface of Montferrat captures Athens

4/12-14/1204 Crusaders sack Constantinople for unpaid debts 

1205 @Adrianople Bulgar Kalojan defeats Crusaders

??? Children’s Crusade (100K kids killed or captured) 60

~1206 @Collestrada Perugia defeats Assissi; Francis imprisoned

1208 Valdemar II fights heathen Estonians

1210 Valdemar II’s 2nd campagin takes Prussia, Pomerania, & Samland

1211-1292 Mongol Expansion; Largest Empire Ever

1211-1234 Mongols conquer Manchus (Juchen, Jin)

1211 @Strasbourg 80 Waldenses burned to death 0.08

1212 @Las Navas del Tolosa, Castilian Sancho el Fuerte beats En-Nasir

1215 Indian attack ruins Sinhalese Civilization

1215-1219 4th Lateran declares 4 year truce in Europe to launch 5th Crusade

1215-1217 (Smaller) Barons' War in England

1217-1222 Fifth Crusade fails

1217-1240 Earl Skule in revolt against Hå kon IV of Norway

1218 Valdemar II attacks Estonians, saved by a banner from heaven

1219 Crusaders besiege Damietta, Egypt; Francis there

1220 Chams rebel from Khmers

1220 Genghis Khan sacks Balkh

1220's Germans decisively defeat Danes

1221 @Indus River Tatars defeat Mughals 27

1222 @Gantor, Java Ken Angrok defeats Kertajaya

1225-1226 Mongols invade Bulgaria

1226-1282 Civil War in Japan

1227 Genghis Khan destroys Tangut Xixia kingdom

7/22/1227 @Bornhöved Valdemar II of Denmark defeated

1227 Yaroslav raidsTavastians

1228 Karelians & Russians defeat Tavastians 2

1229/30-1279 Teutonic Knights conquer pagan Slavs

1229 James I of Aragon expels Moors from Balearic Islands

1129 Rasulids in Yemen rebel against Ayyubids

1230 Bulgars conquer Thrace Macedon, & Albania

1233/4 Mongols capture Jin City of Kaifeng falls after two long sieges

1235 Muslims capture Ujjain, Central India

1236 @Saule Lithuanians defeat Sword Brothers 2

1237 Mongols fight Kipchaks & destroy Ryazan, Russia

1239 Fredinand III of Castile sacke Moorish town of Baeza (50K inhabitants)

1240 Golden Horde conquers Armenia, Moscow, destroys Kiev

1240 Sundiata of Mali conquers Susu of Ghana

1240 Tatars destroy Kursh

1240 @Novgorod Russians defeat Swedish invaders

1240-1241 Mongols attack Poland and Ukraine

5/12/1241 Mongols destroy Hungary 70

1242 @Olomouc, Central Czech. Mongols defeated

1243 Egyptians capture Jerusalem from Christians

1243 Mongols capture Kayseri

1244 Massacre of Cathari at Beziers 20

1244 Burning of Cathari at Minerve 0.14

1250 Kublai Khan kicks the Lai-Tai out of Southwest China

1260-1518 Mamelukes of Egypt persecute Nusayris

13th Century Skirmish between Tahitian Tangiia and Karika on Rarotonga

13th Century Tahitian Tutapu attacks Tangiia but is killed

1252-1259 Mangu and Kublai Khan conquer South China

1253 Mongols attack Tran Dynasty in Vietnam

1257-1258 Vietnamese fight Mongols; Mongols sack Hanoi in 1257

1258-1259 Mongols under Mongke capture Chengdu and hezhou

1259 Mongols take Guilin, China

1260-1279 Kublai Khan drives Kin Tatars out of China

1260 @Ayn Jalut, Palestine, Baybars I defeats Mongols

-8/4/1265 End of resumation of Barons' War

1261 Michael VIII Palaeologus takes Constantinople from Baldwin II

1262 Spanish capture Cadiz from Moors

1263 @Largs Alexander III defeats Haco of Norway

1263-1267 Barons' War in England

1264 Battle of Lewes in England

1264 Byzantine Michael VIII Palaeolus conquers Albania

1265 Mongols defeat Byzantines

1266 Battle of Benevento Manfred of Sicily killed

1268 Mameluke Baybars I captures Antioch from Crusaders

1268 @Tagliacozzo Conradin defeated

1258/68 Mongol Hulagu sacks Baghdad, Iraq 100

1259 @Pelagonia near Sparta, Byzantines capture William Villehardouin

1270 @Herat Il Khan army defeats Chagatai, leader of Mongols

1271-1301 Kaidu fights other Mongols until his death

1274 15K Mongols attempt to invade Japan 13

1275 Sinhasin attacks Jambia-Malaya kingdom in East Indies

1276 Rudolph of Hapsberg besieges Vienna

1276 Mongols capture Hangzhou and Canton

1277 Visconti family defeats Della Torree family in Milan

1277 @Ngasaunggyan, Mongols destroy Pagan (Burmese) army

1278 Rudolf von Hapsburg defeats Bohemian Ottokar II ; takes Vienna

8/26/1278 @Dü rnkurt Ottakar killed

1278/79 @Yaishan Mongols destroy Sung Chinese fleet

1281 140/150K Mongols+Chinese try to invade Japan 112

1282 Welsh rebel against English; Llywelyn killed

1283 Mongols take Bharmo, Burma

1284 Mongols invade Vietnam

1284 Genoa overthrows Pisa

1284 Java conquers Bali

1284-1288 Mongols try to take Vietnam; Tran & chams repel them

1287 Mongols conquer Pagan in Burma

1287 @Bach Dang River Mongol junks sunk by submerged spears

1288 @Bach Dang River Mongol junks sunk -submerged spears again

1291 Muslims capture & destroy Tyre

1291 Muslims take Beirut, Lebanon

1291 @Dazaifu Japanese turn back Chinese 97

1292-1293 @Majapahit, java 1000 Mongol ships defeated trying to invade Java

7/10/1296 English defeat John deBaliol and Scots

1297-1298 Wm. Wallace & Scots revolt; win @Stirling Bride, lose @Falkirk

1300-1368 Chinese revolt from Mongols. White Lotus, White Cloud, & Red Turban Societies

1301 Juna Khan captures Ranthambhor, India

1301 Juna Khan captures Chitor, India

1301 @Baphaeum Turks defeat Byzantines

1302 @Courtrai 20K burghers from Flanders defeat 50K

1303-1358 Phag-mo-gru family liberates Tibet

1305 Juna Khan conquers Malwa, India

1305-1333 Poles defeat Teutonic Knights

1307-1314 Robert Bruce raids English in Scotland

1308 Juna Khan captures Warangak

14th century @Sudan Mamelukes conquer Maqurra (Christian kingdom)

1310 Madurai, India destroyed

1311 Catalan pirates conquer Athens

1312 Tran Anh ton captures Champa

1312 French killed most of the Knights Templar 20+

1313 Robert Bruce captures Perth, Scotland

11/9/1313 @Gammelsdorf Louis IV defeats Frederick III

6/24/1314 @Bannockburn 40K Scots defeat 60K English 14

1314-1328 Scots fight Englishto gain independence

10/26/1314-19/28/322 Louis of Bavaria defeats Frederick III

1315 Louis X of France invades Flanders

1315 Edward Bruce I of Ireland invades Antrim, Ulster sacks Belfast

1315 @Morgarten Swiss defeat Austrians

1316 Pastourneaux revolt in northern France

1320 Samma Rajputs revolt in Kutch

1320 Muslims destroy 60 Copt churches; Copts then revolt

1322 Battle of Muhldorf in Germany

1324 Sultan of Delhi conquers Kalinga on East Indian coast

1325-1337 War of the Oaken bucket between Modena & Bologna ~2

1325-1521 Aztecs carve their Empire in the heart of Mexico >100

13266 Champa regains independence from Vietnam

1326 Turks capture Brusa

1326-1333 Teutonic Knights defeat Poles

1327 English revolt

1329-1529 Scots fight among themselves

1329 Ottomans capture Nicaea, (Iznik, Turkey )

1331 Serbs capture Kastoria, Greece

1331-1334 Go-Daigo revolts against Kamakura Shoguns

1333 @Haliden Hill Brits defeat Scots

1333 Daigo II of Japan defeats Hojo Shoguns

1335-3/1336 Takarji defeats Go-Daigo & Yoshisada

1336-1392 Civil War in Japan, Daigo II exiled

1337 Turks capture Nicomedia

1337-1437/1453 100 Years War in France 3

~1338-~1364 Majapahit Kingdom in Java expands

1340 @Salado River Port. & Spanish crush Moors

1340 Poles capture Lvov, Ukraine

~1341 Mali in Africa regains power under Sulaiman

~1344 Ethiopian Amda Tseyon conquers

1345 Ottoman Oran defeats Balikesir Kingdom

1345 Ottomans assist John Cantacuzene in Byz. Civil War

1346 Casimir III of Poland fights Bohemia

1346 @Crécy in 100 Years War

1348 Cypriots massacre Muslims

1348 Fez try to capture Tunisia

1349 Most Jews in Wurtenberg killed for "bringing on plague"

by poisoning the wells

c.1350 Siamese attack Cambodia and take 90K prisoners

c.1350-1750 Siam conquers Cambodia

1351 Chas. of Blois & France fight Brit John of Montfort over Brittany

1353 Casimir III of Poland defeats Lithuanians

1353 Siamese armies sack Angkor

1354 Turks overrun Balkans

1356 D'Alando Sambucuccio leads Corsican revolt against Aragonese

1356 @Poitiers in 100 Years War

1357 Tamerlane makes a mound of 70K skulls at Isfahan 70

1357-1360 @Adrianople Turks defeat Byzantines

1357 @Brobjaerg Valdemar IV defeats Danish rebels

1358 Jacquerie Uprising in France 20

6/10/1358 @Meaux English vs. French 7

1360 Ziyanids in Algeria independent of Hafsids and Marinids

1360 Turk Firuz Shah Tughluq sacks Kangra

1361 Valdemar IV of Denmark captures Visby, Sweden

7/1361 @Visby, Gotland Valdemar IV & fleet defeat peasants

1361-1396 Turks subjugate Bulgaria and Thrace

1364 Turk Lala Shahin captures Phlippios

1365 Charles of France intervenes in Spain

1367 @Navarre, Spain & Brits defeat French 7.6

1368 Chinese overthrow Mongols

1368 Ottomans take Canakkale-Troy

1371 Chams sack Hanoi

1371 Revolt in Sienna, Italy

1373 Ottoman Murad I captures Macedonia

1378 Muscovite Dimitry defeats a small Mongol army

1378-1380/1 War of Chioggia Carlo Zeno & Venice defeats Genoa

1379-1392 Tamerlane in India, massacre at Delhi 80

1380 Ottoman Murad I captures Sophia and Nish

1380 Second half of 100 years war

9/8/1380 @Kalikovo Dimitry & 150K defeat Mamay & 200K Golden Horde; only 40K able-bodied R 155

1380 Tamelane takes Kashgar

1380 Near Poltava Tamerlane defeats Lithuanians

1380-13181 Venice defeats anti-Venetian coalition

1381 Mamay of Golden Horde overthrown by Tokhtamysh

6/13-6/15/1381 Peasant's Revolt led by Wat (Walter) Tyler in England

1382-1385 Tamerlane conquers eastern Persia

1382 Golden Horde sacks Moscow 24K Muscovites 24

8/12/1382 Ming Chinese defeat Mongols

1382 French-Flemish War

1383 @Serres Turks and Byzantines fight

1383-1385 Portuguese Civil War

1383 @Sempach Austrians defeated

1383 Tamerlane conquers northeast Iran

~1385 Ottomans capture Kastoria

1385 Uprising in Rome

1385 Ottomans capture Sofia and Sardica

1385 Golden Horde invades Azerbaijan

1385 @Aljubasrrota Port. defeat Castilians

1386 @Sempach, Switz. forest cantons win

1386 Ottomans take Nis and fight at Naissus

1386-1394 Tamerlane conquers Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq

1386-1388 John of Gauntt and English try to overthrow Castile usurper

1387 @Koria Ottoman Murad I defeats Anatolian coalition

1387 Turks capture Salonika, Greece

1387 Tamerlane takes Kars, Turkey

1387/1388 Balkans defeat Ottomans

4/9/1388 @Nä fels, Switz. Swiss defeat Hapsburgs

1388 @Puir Noro Chinese Hung-Wu capture 70K Mongols; razes Karakorum

1388 Golden Horder invade Transoxiana

6/27-28/1389 @Kosovo Polje Ottomans defeat Balkans - Bulgars Murad I killed

1389-1425 Muscovite Vasily I fights Lithuania & Tver

1390 @Philadelphia Turks and Byzantines fight

1390 @Chitor Pathans defeat Rajputs

1391 Tamerlane defeats Toktamish

1392 China conquers Korea

~1392 Tamerlane defeats the Golden Horde

1393-1394 Turks invade Peloponnese; battle at Larissa

1394 Jobst briefly rebels from Wenceslas in Bohemia

1394 Tamerlane conquers Georgia and the rest of Mesopotamia

1395 Golden Horde invades the Caucasus

1395 Tamerlane attacks Riazan

1398 Tamerlane invades India because the Moslem Mughal rulers were too tolerant

12/17/1398 @Panipat Tamerlane defeats Mahmud Tughlak. Delhi thoroughly sacked

1399 Henry IV (Bolingbroke) invades England

1399 Tamerlane invades Azerbaijan and Syria again

1400 Aleppo sacked and the Mameluk army defeated

~1400 Zapotecs in Oaxaca reduce territory of Huave Indians

~1400 Zaria defeats Kano King Kanajeji in Nigeria

1400 Tran civil war; Chinense occupy Vietnam

1400 Melaka (Malacca) Kingdom founded

1400 Tamerlane sacks Baalbek

1400 Mali dynastic disputes

1401 Tamarlane nearly destroys Antioch

1401/1402 Tamerlane sacks Baghdad and kills 20,000 and destroys all monuments 20

1402 Turks beseiging Constantinople

7/20/1402 Near Ankara Tamerlane defeats Bayezids army

1402 @Ankara Tamerlane defeats Ottoman Bayazid I

1403 Venetians and French fight

1403-1438 Chinese occupy Sri Lanka

1402/4-1410/6 Owen Glendower rebels in Wales

1405 Chinese fleet destroys Chinese pirates at Palembay

1406/1407-28 Tamerlane destroys Sardis in Anatolia

1407 Ming Chinese conquer Vietnam

2/20/1408 Northumbrian rebellion in England

9/23/1408 John of Burgundy & Bavarians crush revolt in Liège

~1408-8/29/1533 Inca Empire Expands

1410 Poles and Lithuanians crush the Teutonic Knights

5/19/1411 @Rome Louis II & John XXIII defeat Ladislas

7/24/1411 @Harlaw Highland Scots defeat Lowlanders 22.5

1411 Chinese fleet defeats Buddhist levels in Sri Lanka

5-6/1413 Ladislas of Naples sacks Rome

1413 Sir JohnOldcastle and many Lollards rebel in England

1413-1418 Armagnacs drive Burgundians out of Paris

1415 @Agincourt in 100 Years War

1415 Port.uguese invade Morocco and capture Ceuta

1415-1453 China occupies Annam

1415-1416 @Czechoslovakia Hussites revolt successfully

1418-1427 Revolt against Chinese succeeds in Vietnam

1419/20-1434 Crusade against Hussites in Hungary 140K Papists

1422 Third Hussite War in Hungary

1422 Turks besiege Constantinople; saved by Turk revolt in Anatolia

1425/1427 Vietnamese eject Ming Chinese from Vietnam

1425 Togon-temur rebels against Aruqtai

1427 @Fulda Hesse defeats Mainz

1427 Aztec Itzcoatl revolts against Atzcapotzalcans and Tepanecs.

1428-1429 @Orleans in 100 Years War Joan of Arc captured

1428 Azcapotzalco captured by the Aztecs

1400- Aztecs sacrificed about 20K people 20

1428 Vietnamese drive out Chinese from Vietnam

1430 Turks take Thessalonika

1431 @Vsewbssky Pass Hussites scare off large HRE army

1431/32-1594 Siam defeats Angkor: Angkor sacked in 1431/32

1434 Ultraquists/Catholics together defeat Taborites in Bohemia 20

1436-1450 Old Zurich War, Zurich lost

1439 @Etzel Swiss fight

1440 Turks fail to capture Belgrade

1440 Unsuccessful rebellion against Charles VII of France

1440-1444 Zurich Wars

1441-1448 Over 900 black slaves brought to Portugal

1443-1478 Skanderbeg and Albanians fight Holy War & revolt against Turks

1443 @Baar in Zug Canton Swiss fight

1444 Zurich captured

1444 @Varna on Black Sea Turks defeat Crusaders

1446 @Ragaz Swiss fight

1446 Byzantines lose Sparta's lands to Turks

1447 Tlatelulco revolted from the Aztecs

1448 @Kosovo Turks defeat Hungarians

1448-1512 Reign of Bayazid II has continuous warfare

1448-1449 Fujian and Chejiang rebel 1000

1449 Chinese unsuccessfully invade Mongolia

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion in England

1450 Parakramabahu VI of Kottee conquers Jaffna

1450 Sforza seizes Milan

4/8-5/29-30/145380K/100K Turks conquer 10K at Constantinople >10

1453 End of 100 Years war in France

1453-1560 Turks subjugate Greece

1453 Burgundians subdue rebellion in Flanders

-1454 Peace of Lodi ends Italian fighting

1454-1466 @Puck Casimir IV of Poland defeats Teutonic Knights

1455-1485 English Civil War of the Roses Lancaster vs. York

1455 @St.Albans in the War of the Roses

1460 Thurgau War between Swiss and Sigismund of Austria

1463 Ottomans and Venetians fight

1463-1473 Major Inca Expansion (max. 380k sq. mi)

1464-1492 Ali of Songhai's campaigns

1464-1471 Ali of Songhai captures Djenne

1465-1470 Incas conquer Chimu of Chan Chan

1468 Timbuctu conquered by Ali & Songhai

1468 Burgundian Charles the Bold sacks Liege, Belgium

1469 Russian Ivan III captures Kazan

1470 Tarascans beat Aztecs

1470 Turks conquer Euboea

1470-1478 Muscovite Ivan III massacres city of Novgorod

1471 Vietnamese invade Champa

1472 Muslims capture Goa, India

1476 @Morat Hans Waldmann & Swiss defeat Burgundians

1477 Jaffna & Kandy free themselves from Kotta in Sri Lanka

1477 French take city of Tourcoing from Flemish

1478 Small uprising in Floreence; Catherine of Genoa almost killed

1478 Muslims attack non-Muslims in Java

1481 @Otranto Portugese defeat Turks

1483 King Boabdil of Granada captured trying to retake Lucena, Spain

10-11/1483 Henry Stafford of Buckingham's revolt in S. England

1484 Venetians conquer Polestine

1485 Ivan III of Moscow conquers Tver

1487 Spanish conquer Målaga from Moors

1487-1488 Crusade against the Waldenses

1489 Venice took Cyprus

1490 Aztecs sacrifice POW's 20-80

1492 Russians invade Lithuania

1493 Askia Muhammed rebels against Ali in Songhai

1494-1496 Charles III of France invades Italy

1495-1574 Mughal Conquests in India

1497 Pope Alexander takes Romagna

1497 Cornish Rebellion in England

1499 Louis XII of France re-invades Italy

1499 Swabian War in Germany

1500 Funj overwhelm Alwa in Sudan

1501 Spaniard Ponce de Leon conquers Borinquenos in Puerto Rico

1501 Syrian Muslims defeat Egyptian Mamelukes

1502 French and Spanish fight in Italy

1502 Persian Ismail I defeats White Turkmens

1504-1513 Pope Julius II defeats Borgia family in Italy

1504 All Russians in Kazan massacred

1504 Spain conquers Naples, Italy

1506 Pope Julius defeats Perugia and Bologna, Italy

1507-1517 Cardinial Francisco Ximenes of Spain tortures 40K 2.5

1507 Revolt in Genoa, Italy

1507 Portuguese besiege Khawral-Fakkan

1507 Alphonso d’Albuguergue attacks Hormuz

1508 League of Cambri defeats Venice, Italy

1509 Pope Julius II crushes Venice, Italy

1509 Uzbecks sackc Kerman, Iran

1510 Portuguese Alfonso de Albuquerque captures Goa

1511 Portuguese conquer Malacca Kingdom

1511 Pope Julius II besieges Mirandola, Italy

1512 @Ravenna French defeat Spanish & Papacy

1512 Swiss conquer Milan, Italy

9/9/1513 @Flodden Field English defeat Scots 14

1513 Albuquerqu e + 3K Port. fight in Aden

1513 King Manuel of Port. fights Azemmow in Morocco

1513 Mohammed I Askia of Songhai captures Katsina & Kano, Nigeria

1514 John of Hungary puts down Ttranslavian revolt

1514 Shi'ite Sayyids takes Shushtar from the Timurids

8/23/1514 @Chaldiron Ottoman Selim the Grim defeats Safayid Sultan islma’il I

1514 Alphonso d’Albuquerqu captures Hormuz

1514-16 Ottomans take Armenia from Persia

1515 Francis I of France invades Italy

1515 @Marignano French defeat Swiss

1515-1521 Ponce de Leon defeats revolt in Puerto Rico

1515 Ottomons capture Kayseri

1515-1527 Ottomans defeat Mamelukes of Egypt  

1516 Ottomans conquer Syria & Antioch

8/24/1516 Ottoman Selim the Grim defeats the Mamlukes

1516 Ottoman Selim I (the Grim) massacres 9.4 Nusayris 9.4

1517 Ottomans capture Cairo, Egypt 50

1517 Ottomans "defend" Yemen from Portugese

2/19/1519-8/13/1521 Cortez defeats Aztecs: 600men,20horses,10cannon 300

1520-2/6/1521 Gazali tries to rebel from Ottomans in Damascus

1520 "Bath of blood" Danes execute Swedish nobles >.07

1520-1521 Unsuccessful rebellion in Spain

1521-1529 Holy Roman Empire vs. France; L Ignatius of Loyola injured

1521 Pope Leo captures Parma, Italy

1521/2 Suleiman I captures Belgrade from Louis II of Hungary

4/27/1521 Chief Lupalupu kills Magellan

1522 Suleiman I conquers Dodecanese Islands

7/28-12/20-1522 Suleiman takes Rhodes 20

1522 Knights' War in Germany

1524 Egypt tries to rebel from Ottomans

1524 @Milan French vs. Spanish

1524-1526 Cortes enters Honduras

1524-1539 Unrest in Honduras

1524 Pedro de Alvarado conquers Guatemala

1524-4/16/1525-6 Peasant's War in Germany 50K homeless 100

1525 Spaniards defeat Zutuhil Indians of Guatemala

1525 @Frankenhausen Anabaptist Thomas Münzer defeated & killed

2/25/1525 @Paria, Italy Spanish defeat French

5/15/1525 @Frankenhausen Philip of Hesses defeat Thomas Munzer

1526 @Mohacs Suleiman I defeats Hungarians; 20K Hungarians died 20

1526-1527 Revolt in Anatolia

1526-1528 Austrians and Turks fight

1526 Spanish sack Indian temple

1526 Ottomans raid Toulon and Nice

1526 @Panipat, Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi

1526/28-1658 Most of Shan Jahan of India fights in Deccan

10/1526-5/27 France,Italy against Italians; Rome sacked

2/7/1527 25K Holy Roman Empire troops sack Rome 8/1 2

1527 Muslims invade Ethiopia

1527 Mac Dang Dung takes over Vietnam

1528 Muslims conquer Shoa, Abyssinia.

1529 Suleiman I invades Hungary again

1529 HRE Charles V captures Cortona,Italy

1529 Swiss Zwinglian Cantons defeat Catholic cantons & impose terms

10/9-23/1531 @Zurich 5 Cantons attack 8K vs. 1.5K: Zwingli killed 1

1531-1536 Pizarro & 180 men conquer 3.5-16M pop. Inca Empire 2-10

1532 @Cajamarca

1533 Le and Mac Dang Dung Civil War in Vietnam

1534 Suleiman I takes Baghdad and Tabriz from Persians

1534 Barbarossa II captures Tunis

1534 Kildare's Rebellion in Ireland

1534 @Tabriz Ottomans fight Persians

1534-1586 Oda Nobuwaga unified Japan

1535 Protestants & Catholics combine to take Munster

1535 Gujarat defeats city of Chitor 28

1535-1538 Holy Roman Empire vs. France

1536 John Calvin and Geneva revolt against Duchy of Savoy

1536 Spanish try for 1st time to subdue Omagua Indians in South America

1536 @Cuzco

1536-1541 @Buenes Aires Spanish fight Indians

1538 Barbaroissa captures Aegina, Greece

1538 @Chunar, India Moguls defeat Bengalis

1538 Turks besiege Cattaro, Montenegro

1538 @Ascuncion Spanish fight Indians

1540 Gibralter sacked by Barbarrosa II

1540 Spaniard Coronado conquers the Zuñi Indians of Arizona

1540 Spanish into Chile

1541 Suleiman I captures Buda, Hungary

1541 Spanish try for 2rd time to subdue Omagua Indians in South America

1541 Spanish raid Algiers but could not capture

1542-1544 Holy Roman Empire vs. France

1542 French and Turks jointly raid Nice

1544 Incas unsuccessfully revolt from Spanish

2/17/1545 @Ancur Moor Scots defeat English

1545 Waldenses persecuted in Italy

1546-1548 Conquistadors revolt in Peru

1546 Muslims Damuk attack Pasunban in E.Indies

1546 @Basra Ottomans fight Persians

1546-4/1547 Schmalkaldic War Catholics defeat Philip of Hesse & Lutherans

1548 @Tabriz Ottomans fight Persians

1549 Kett's Rebellion in England

1549 Western Rebellion in England

1550 Using guns, Burmese capture Chittagong

1550 @Jersey, English Channel

1550-1650 European Religious Wars

1551 @Bandar Abbas Ottomans fight Persians

1551 Turks take Tripoli, Libya

1551 Catholics defeat Lutherans in Iceland

1551-4/3/1559 Holy Roman Empire vs. France

1551-1562 Ottomans and Hungary fight

1552 Ivan the Terrible & 100K army capture Kazan 50 day siege ~20

1553 Tlemcen, NW Algeria taken by Ottomans

1553-1653 Rebellion in Chile

1554 Katsina defeat Songhai in Africa

1554 London Rebellion in England

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion in England

1555 Henry II of France invades Italy

1555 Burmese capture Autthaya, capital of Siam

1555-1560 Waldenses persecuted in Italy

1556 Ivan the Terrible conquers Astrakhan

1557 @Nakhicheven & Massawa Ottomans fight Persians

1557 @St. Quentin Spain and England defeat France

1557/58-1582/3 Livonian War: Russia

12/14/1558 @Quiapo, Chile Spanish fight Indians

1558 @Calais, France II

1560 Spanish try for 3rd time to subdue Omagua Indians in South America

1562 Eng. Privateer John Hawkins helps in African battle for slaves

1562 @Toulouse French kill Huguenotss 4

1562 Protestants pillage abbey at Tours, France

1564 Akbar crushes revolt in Malwa

5-9/1565 Turks besiege Jean Parisot de al Vallette at Malta

1565 Uzbeks rebel against Akbar

1565-1573 Oprichniks and Ivan the Terrible oppress Russia

1565 Bijapur,Bidar,Ahmadnagar,Golconda defeat Vijayanagar-India

1566 Iconoclastic riots in Europe

1566 Turks invade Hungary

1566 Erik XIV of Sweden (inane) kills many nobles

1567-1648 Low countries revolt from Spain

Sum/1568 Don Juan fights Moorish pirates

1568 Akbar attacks city of Chitor

3/1569 Don Juan subdues Moriscos in Grenada

1569 "Northern Uprising" of English Catholics

1569 Poland captures Vinnitsa, Ukraine

1570 Powhatan Indians expel Spanish from Virginia

1570-1580 Oda Obunaga of Japan breaks Monasteries' power

1570 French Huguenot pirates kill 39 Jesuits enroute to Brazil

1570 Katsina defeat Kano in Africa

1570-1571 Turkish Ottomans take Cyprus

1571 Moscow sacked by Crimean Tartars >100

3/12-16/1579 @Maastrict I Spanish defeat & massacre 8K Dutch civilians 8

10/7/1571 @Lepanto, Spain,Pope,Venice lose 12/214 vsTurks 190/230ships

1573 Don Juan captures Tunis, Tunisia

1574 Burmese ravage Laos

1574 Ottomans recapture Tunis, Tunisia

1576 Mughals conquer Mewr

6/1576 Battle of Gogünda, Mughal defeats Rajput Singh of Mewar

1576-1593 @France Catholics & Hugeunots fight

1578 Moroccans defeat Portugese in Morocco. King Sebastian killed

1578 @Gembloux in Dutch West Indies 20K vs. 20K

1578 @Tiflis & Kars Ottomans fight Persians

1579 @Derbend Ottomans fight Persians

1580 Spaniards capture Ceuta in NW Africa

1580 @Polotsk Poles defeat savage Russian army and save Livonia

1580 Spanish briefly capture Brunei

~1580 Zarian Queen Amina conquers Nupe and Jukun in Nigeria

1581 Yemak of Russia begins Siberian conquest. Captures Isker (Sibir)

1582?-1590 Unification of Japan

1583 Ottomans fight Persians at Baku

1583-1616 Nurhachi unites Manchus

1585-1589 War of the Three Henry's in France

1587 Sir Francis Drake of England raids Cadiz

Many Spanish vessels destroyed

1588 Spanish Armada destroyed off Engliand.1 Brits killed 51 ships 9.1

1588 @Ganjo Ottomans fight Persians

1590 Tokyo captured by Shogun Ieyasu Tokugawa

1590-1637 Revolt of Dom Jeronimo Chingulia of Mombasa in Goa

1590 @Ivry inFrance, Prot. Henry of Navarre barely defeats Catholics

1591 Moroccans conquer Timbuktu and most of Songhai Empire

American Conquest 30

1592-1597/8 Japanese Hideyoshi Toyotomi tries to conquer Korea

1593-1606 Long War in Hungary;

1596 Japan tries to invade China

1593-1603 O'Neill's Rebellion in Ireland against England

1594-1601 O'Donnell's Rebellion in Ireland. Hugh O-’Neill surrenders

1595 Francis Drake and Hawkins attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico

1596 Robert Devereux of England plunders Cadiz

1596-1610 Rebellion against Ottomans

1597-1598 137 churches destroyed & 26 Catholics crucified in Nagasaki 0.026

1597-1598 Japan tries to invade Korea

1598 @Yellow River Hugh O’Neill defeats English

1599 Rebellion in China

16th Century Spanish carried 17,500 lbs gold from Peru

Spanish carried 500 lbs gold from Panama

1600's Spanish Inquisition 50

1601 @Kisale, Ireland, Brits defeat Hugh O’Neill

10/20/1600 @Sekigahara, Japan Tokugawa clan wins

1602 Araucanian Indians destroy Osorno, S. Chile

1603 Persians and Turks fight

1606-1613 Time of Troubles in Russia

1607 Dianga massacre in East Indies

1609 Japan invades Ryuku Islands

1609 Dutch capture Bacan Islands in Indonesia from Portuguese

1609 Mohican Indians fight Samuel de Champlain

1611-1613 Danes defeat Swedes in Kalmar War

11/29/1612 English repel Portugese ships in Gulf of Cambay

1613 Dutch repel Portuguese in Kupeng, Timor

1614 State of Pole in Sumatra defeats Portugese

1614-1615 @Toyotomi Castle, Osaka Japan

1616 Campbells drive MacDonalds out of Island islay

1618-1620 Czechs unsuccessfully revolt (defenestration of Prague)

1618 Funj fight Ethiopians

1618-1644 Manchus under Abahi take over China

1618-1648 Thirdy Years War in Germany 7,000

1618-1632 First 3 phases Thirty Years War

1620 Kasanje Kingdom starts conquest in Angola

1620 Spaniards sack Alzey, Hesse Germany

1620-1621 Portuguese and East India company ships fight in Indian Ocean

1620-1673 Nguyen and Trinh fight in Vietnam

1621 Nurhachi expels Ming in China

1622 The Great Martyrdom of Christians in Nagasaki

2/18-5/1/1622 @Hormuz Persians capture Portuguese garrison

1622-1644 Opechancanough & Powhatans fail to drive Brits from Virginia .35

1623/1630/32 11.5

1623 @Amboina Dutch massacre English

1623 Persians recapture Baghdad

5/9/1624 Dutch capture Bahia, Brazil

1625 Dutch burn San Juan, Puerto Rico

5/10/1625 Portuguese retake BAhia, Brazil

1625 White Lotus Rebellion in China

1626 Nurhaci defeated outside city of Ningyuan

1627 Manchus attack Korea

1627-1636 Many rebellions in China

1628-1644 Li Zicheng rebels in China

1630 John Coxon and 600 Buccaneers cross Darien and enter the Caribbean

1644 Li Zicheng captures Beijing. Manchus defeat him

1629-1669 "Trample the crucifix" time of persecution in Japan

1630 Turks capture Hamadana, Persia

1630 Dutch attack Bahia, Brazil

1631 @Leipzig in 30 Years War

1632 @Lützen in 30 Years War

1634-1648 Fourth phase of Thirty Years War 0

1634 Dutch seize Curacao from the Spanish

1635 Zaydis of Sana expeels Ottomans from Yemen

1636-1637 Connecticut settlers exterminate Pequot Indians

1637 Japanese + Dutch artillery crush Christian revolt against persecution

5/25/1637 Pequot War; Pilgrims and Narragansetts fight Pequots 0.8

1638-1658 Dutch attack Portugese in Sri Lanka

1638 Turks recapture Baghdad

8/1640 Oliver Cromwell kills 3K Irish + .3 Irish women 3.3

1640 Maba chief Abd-el-Kerim conquers Tanjurs of Wadai, in Sahara

1640 Portuguese throw off Spanish rule

1641 Dutch take Malacca from Portuguese

1641 Irish Catholic revolt

1641 Spanish destroy Old Providence, a buccaneer stronghold in the Caribbean

1641 Spanish massacre English settlers and buccaneers on Tortuga

1642 Sswedes sack Olomouc, Central Czech.

1642-1646 English Civil War Parliamentarians(Roundheads)

vs. Royalists(Cavaliers)

1643 @Marston Moor in English Civil War

1643 Mihican chieff Uncas defeats Narragansetts Indians

1644 Manchus capture Beijing

1644 Prince Rupert captures Lierpool, England

1644 Powhatan Indians fail to drive British from Virginia

1645 Royallist Jas. Graham Montrose defeats 8th Earl of Argyll

1645 Spanish fail to stop Malay piracy

1645 @Naseby 14K Parliamentarians defeat 10K Royalists

1645-1648 Turks take Crete from Venice

1646 @Benburb Owen Roe O’Neill fights

1648 Russian Cossacks Killed Jews in Poland & Russia 300

1648-1649 Portuguese defeat Dutch in Brazil

1648-1651 Renewed English Civil War & Scots & Irish

1648 First Fronde rebellion in France

1649 1K Iriquois annihilate the Huron Indians

1649 Spanish attack British held Bahamas

1649 Iriquois destroy tiononrtatis tribe

1600’s Tutsis conquer Hutus in Rwanda

1652-1654 Anglo-Dutch War

1653 Jukun (Kwararafa) defeat Kano, Nigeria

1655 Many Waldenses killed; Waldenses revolt in Italy

1655-1661 Hien Vuong fights Trinhs in Vietnam

1656 Dutch control Moluccas

1656 Venetian fleet defeats Turks off Dardanelles

1656 War between Sweden and Poland

1657 Turks besiege Cattaro, Montenegro

1657-1658 Mughal internal struggle for power after Shah Jahan’ s illness

7/7/1658 Swede Charles X launches surprise war against Fred III of Denmark

1658 Sumatrans attack Dutch

1658-1662 Charles X of Sweden takes Malmo from Denmark

1660 Dutch capture a Macassar fort

1661 Revolt in Maranhao, Brazil; Jesuits flee

1661 English stop war of Mohican Uncas & Wampanoag Chief Massasoit

1661-1662 Dutch driven out during Formosa Chinese Pirate Wars

1661-1664 Turkey and Holy Roman Empire at War

1662 Marathas takes Kalyan in India

1663 Second Fronde Rebellion in France

1663 Turks and Austrians fight

1665-1667 Second Anglo-Dutch War

1666 Mughals of India destroy Burmese pirates

6/1-6/1666 @Dover Strait in 2nd Anglo-Dutch War Dutch win batttle 7

1667 Razin of Russia raids Persia

1667-1668 War of Devolution between France & Spain over Lowlands

1668 Sir Henry Morgan's pirates seize Camargo, (Camaguey) Cuba

1670-1671 Cossack and peasant uprising under Stenkin Razin

1671 Jukun (Kwararafa) defeat Kano, Nigeria

1671 Jukun fight Katsina in Nigeria

1672-8/1676 Poland and Turkey fight over Ukraine . 8/1676 Zlotsona 10K 83

1673-1681 San fan rebellion in China

1674 Matuca revolts from Dutch

1674 Revolt of the Three Feudatories in China

1674 Dutch privateers attack French Acadia in Canada

1674 French temporarily driven out of Madagascar

TABS .48" 2.05"

1675-1676 King Philip's War in New England 3 Indians .6 Colonists 3.6

1675 Brandenberg defeats Sweden

1675 Iroquois defeat Conestoga Indians

1676 Dutch privateers attack French Acadia in Canada

1677-1681 Russia and Turkey fight

1678 Hungarians try to revolt against Hapsburgs

~1680 Revolt of the short ears in Easter Island

1680-1704 Creek Indians with English wapons attack Spanish missions

1682 Salem fishermen attack French Acadia in Canada

1682-1899 Austria and Turkey fight

7/17-9/12 1683 Ottomans besiege Vienna

1682 Streltsy (musketeers) revolt in Russia

1683 Manchu Admiral Shi Lang takes Taiwan from Cheng Chin

1683-1699 Europeans against the Turks

1684-1688 Venice takes Peloponessus from Turks

7/61685 @Sedgemoor Duke of Monmouth defeated and killed

1685 English and French Buccaneers fight Spanish fleet

1685 Arhcibald Campbell 9th Duke of Argyll tries to invade Scotland

1685 Camisards' Revolt in France

1686 Mughal Aurangzeeb captures Bijapur, India

1687 @Athens Venetian bombardment damages Parthenon

1688 The governor of New York attacks French Acadia in Canada

1688 @England Glorious Revolution of William & Mary 0

1689 France and England fight, and French and English buccaneers fight

10/1688-1689 French devastate Rhine Palatinate

8/1689 Catholics besiege Derry in North Ireland

1689 French burn Alzey in Hesse, Germany

1689 Streltsy (musketeers) revolt in Russia

1689-1697 War of the League of Augsburg (France invades Rhineland)

1689-1697 King Williams War between French and English

7/12/1690 @Boyne William III 35/40K defeats father-in-law Jas II 21K 1.5

1690 Port Royale in Canada destroyed

1690 Sir William Phips tries to capture Quebec city. 400 New Englanders die 0.4

1690 Pueblo and Zuñi Indians rebel against Spanish

1691 Nguyen Vietnamese capture Saigon in Indochina

1691 Turks sack Kutaisi, Georgia

1692 Spanish reconquer Pueblo and Zuñi Indians

5/1692 @La Lougue French fleet defeated

1693 Dutch capture Pondicherry, India from French

1693 Jan Kyuzina revolts against Hapsburgs

1694-1720 Moors unsuccessfully besiege Ceuta

1695-1696 Peter the Great takes Azov from Turkey

1696-1697 Omanis besiege Portuguese Fort Jesus in Kenya

1696 Chinese take Zungaria

9/11/1697 @Zenta Austrians defeat Ottomans in decisive battle

1698 Final Streltsy revolt in Russia

1700-1721 Great Northern War Charles XII of Sweden

First battle at Narva 10K Russians 10

1700 Vietnamese conquer Laos

1701 Swedes capture Liepaja, Russia

1701-1713 War of the Spanish Succession Eng. Aist., Neth., Prus. vs. Fr, Sp.

8/15/1702 @Luzza in War of Sp. Secession 31

1702-1713 Queen Anne's War

1702 English sack Arecibo, Puerto, Rico

1704 @Blenheim in War of Sp. Succession Eng. et al. defeat French 17

1704 50 Brits + 1K Creeks slaughter Timucuas ~3

1705-1706 Astrakhan Peasants rebel against Peter the Great

1707-1708 Bon Basin peasants rebel against Peter the Great

1709 @Poltava Peter the Great 40K defeats 25K Swedes 8.4

1710-1711/13 Russia fights Turkey

1711 Druse faction defeated in Lebanon

7/24/1712 @Denain in the War of Spanish Succession 2.88

1715 Stuarrts try to rebel in Scotland

1717 Russia invades Khwarezm

1717 @Belgrade, Yugoslavia III 40

1720 Chinese take Tibet

1720 Afghans briefly occupy Kerman, Iran

1721-1735 Revolts in Paraguey

1722 Afghans conquer Iran

1726 Spanish attack Port. Colonia de Sacramento in Uruguay

1729 Afghans driven out of Iran

1730 Turks reconquer all of Armenia

1731 Iranians besiege Kars, Turkey

1733 The nawab of Bengal conquered Tippera in Bangladesh

1733-1734/35 War of Polish Succession: Spain,France vs.Austria

1735 Persian Nadir Shah takes Armenia from Turks

1736-1739 Russia and Turkey fight

1737 Russian Munnich captures Ochakov fromTurks

1737-1739 Arung Singkang keeps Celebes from the Dutch

1738 Turkomen Nadir Shah sacks Qandahar, S. Afghanistan

1739 @Stavutschina Russian Munnich defeats Turks

1739 Nadir Shah sacks Delhi, India

1739-1741 War of Jenkin's Ear between Britain and Spain over trade

~1740 Dutch and British fight in Ghana

1740-1760 Kazembe II of Kazembe extends Kazembe

1740-1748 War of the Austrian Succession

1741-1742 Germany defeats Austria

1742 Oglethorpe defeats Spanish in Georgia

1743 Nadir Shah of Persia attacks Turks

1744-1748 King George's War in America

1745 Second German-Austrian war

1745 @Prestonpans Edward the Young Pretender +2Kdefeats English

1746-1748 French occupy Madras, India

1746 Jacobites destroy Inverness

4/16/1746 Battle of Culloden Moor (7K vs. 9K) 5

1747-1794 Anarchy in Iran

1748 @Pondicherry I in India, English vs. French

1749 @Devicotta, Bengal Brits defeat Tanjore army

-3/1751 British-French Wars in India

1750 Protuguese slaughter Guarani in Paraguay

1751 English seize Arcot in India 0.075

1751/1752 @Chingleput (in Seven Years War)

1752 Chinese conquer Tibet

1754/55-1763 French and Indian War

1752 Mon rebellion in Burma

1755 Chin Chinese capture Kashgar oasis

1756 Afghan Ahmad Shah captures Delhi, India

1756 @Calcutta, India

1756-1763 Seven Years War: Eng,Prus. vs. Aus,Fra,Rus,Swe

1756 Algerians capture Tunis, behead Ali-Bey

1756 Alaungpaya of Burma captures Syriam of Talaing

1757 Battle of Leuthen

1757 3K Anglo-British defeat 60K Bengali army

1758 English capture Kingston, Ontario

1759 English defeat French in Quebec (Belle Isle) 1.4

1759 Alaungpaya of Burma massacres India/British settlement .108

1759 Khalkhas and Manchus almost extirminate Oirats

1760 Alaungpaya of Burma invading Siam when he died

1760 @Wandinsh I

1761 @Panipat Afghans defeat Marathas

1761 Haidar Ali deposes Raja of Mysore

1762 Havana captured by British

1762 @Barkensdorf

1763-1766 Chief Pontiac's Rebellion

1763 Marathas capture Kheda

1763 Ottawa Chief Pontiac rebels

1763 Last of Conestoga Indians massacred

1764-1767 Burmese destroy Ahudya in Siam (Thailand) 990

1765 Indian Hyder Ali destroys town of Kozhilode

1765 Illinois Indians defeated

1765 Cyprus tries to revolt against Turks

1766 Pirates take Kharg Island, Iran from Dutch

1767 Burmese repel Chinese

1768 Haidar Ali defeats British Bombay army

1768 Gurkhas conquer Nepal

1768-1774 Russo-Turkish War

1769 Kizhi Peasant Revolt in Russia 6

@Mt Leikung Chinese defeat Miao 10

1769 Venetians try to fight Barbary pirates

~1771-1775 Vermont Green Mtn boys terrorize New Yorkers in Vermont

1771 300 Kalmucks move to China: Russians,Turks attack 200

1771 Kizhi Peasant Revolt in Russia

1771/72-1802 Tay Son revolt in Vietnam

3/4/1772 Frenchman Nicholas Marin de Fresne shoots Tasmanians

1773-1775 Emelian Pugachev and serfs try to revolt in Russia

1773 Battle of Cain

1774 Successful revolt in Oyo empire, Dahomey

1773-1775 Peasants rebel in Russia; crushed; revolt in Kazan

4/19/1775-10/19/1781-/83 American Revolution (4,435 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept.]) 25.3

1775 @Lexington, @Concord @Bunker Hill in American Revolution

1775-1782 British defeat Marathas in India

1777 @Saratoga in American Revolution

~1778 Anarchy in the Oyo Empire, Dahomey

1778 Siamese occupy Laos

7/1778-1779 War of Bavaian Succession - Skirmish between Prussia and Austria

1779-1783 Spanish and French besiege Gibralter

1779 Captain Cook and the Hawaiians fight

1780 British take Kalyan

1780-1781 First British-Mysore War

1780 @Ponari

1780-1782 60K Condorcanqui+60K try to revolt in Peru

1781 @Yorktown in American Revolution American + French defeat Brits

1781 Revolts in new Granada (Colombia)

1781 @Porto Novo British defeat Mysore

?1782-1784 Mysore successfully fights British

1782 @Mokuohai Hawaiian Kamehameha I defeats and kills Kiwalao

1782-1795 Kamehameha I unites all Hawaii exceptt Kauai

1782 Vietnamese Civil War; many Chinese emigres massacred

1782 @off Mokuohai Hawaiian Kamehameha defeats Kiwalao

1782-1810 Hawaiian Kamehameha unifies Hawaii

1783 Russia defeats Crimean Khanate

1784 Venice attacks Susah

1784 70 armed Russinas kill Alutiiq Indians on Kodiak Islands 1.5

1785 burmese copture Arakan

1785 Venice attacks Halq al-Waidi

1787 Vietnamese repel Qing Chinese

1787-1792 Russo-Turkish War

1788 Russian Peter Bagration besieges Ochakov

1789 Tay Son brothers reunite Vietnam

1789-1799 British win Second British Mysore War 2.2

1789-1900 U.S soldiers killed in Indian Wars - 1,391 wounded 1.105

1789-1790 Brabancons under Henry van der Noot revolt from Joseph II

7/14/1789-1790 -1 5mo French Revolution/ Reign of Terror 2.5

1790 Gurkhas invade Tibet; Chinese defeat

1790-1793 Haitian slaves rebel against French

1792-1799 France defeats first coalition

1793-1794 Reign of Terror in France

1793 Valenciennes surrenders to Spanish + Allies

Sp/1794-10/14/94 Whiskey rebellion in Western Pennsyllvania

1794 Thermidorian revolt in France 1.449

1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers in USA

1794 @Tourcoing French defeat Brits & Austrians

1794 Russians fight the Polish. Praga and Warsaw captured

1794-1800 Undeclared naval war between France & U.S. - XYZ Affair

1794-1795 France defeats Spain

1795 War of the Third Coalition Spain France vs.

1795 Caribs revolt from Brits in St. Vincent & Grenadine

1795-1796 British take Sri Lanka from Dutch

1796-3/1814 Napoleon (1812 <600K) 1100

1797-1798 British blockade Cadiz

1797 Creolse try to take over Venezuala in rebellion

1797 Pan-chiang riot in China 3

1798 Napoleon conquers Malta

7/2/1798 French troops capture Alexandria

1798 Napoleon defeats Egyptian Mamelukes in Egypt

8/1/1798 Battle of the Nile (Aboikir Bay) Nelson & Brits defeat French 9.9

1799-1802 France defeats second coalition

1800 Fulani capture Bornu capital Birnni Ngazagamu in Jihad

~1800-1860 Maoris fight among themselves with Western guns 80

3/21/1801 @Alexandria 14K British defeat 20K French 1.5K B+1.2K F 2.628

1801-1805 American naval action against Barbary States

1802 Nguyen Phuc Anh of Annam conquers Tonkin

1803 Britain and France fight

1803 British overthrow Kandy in Sri Lanka

1803-1804 British subdue some Pindari bandits

5/3/1804 First massacre of Tasmanians by English settlers with cannon

1803 Britain takes Pondicherry, India from French

1804-1807 Fulani Jihad against Hausa

1804-1812 Fulani Jihad

~1805 Pindari raids in India 3.6K tortured, 0.682 killed/wounded 1

12/2/1805 @Austerlitz 68K French vs. 90K Austro-Russian 34

10/21/1805 @Trafalgar Nelson+27 Brit ships defeat 18 Fr + 15 Sp. ships 1.5+7

12/2/1805 @Austerlitz 65K French defeat 85K Allies 6.8+12.2

1806 Francisco Miranda land in Venezuela to try to take over

1806 @Jena in Napoleonic Wars

1806 Lewis & Clark Expedition kills 2 Blackfoot - beginning of hostilities

1806 Jean Dessalines overthrown in Haiti

1806-1807 British attack Buenos Aires

1807 Algerians invade Tunisia

1807 Haitian Civil War between Christopher and Petion

1807-1812 Turkey vs. Russia and Britain

1807 British attack Buenos Aires, Argentina again

1808-1809 Usuman dan Fodio almost conquers Kanem-Bornu near Lake Chad

1808-1809 Pindaris raid Gujarat

1808-1814 Peninsular War: Spanish revolt with English help

1809 35K French besiege Gerona, Spain

1810-1880 Uruguayans struggle for Independence

5/25/1810 Independence for Argentina

8/14/1811 Paraguay Independent

1810-1816 Independence for Uruguay, Paraguay

1811 Janissaries revolt in Tunisia

11/7//1811 @Tippecanoe 800 Americans vs. 3K Indians ~0.6

9/7/1812 Napoleon & 125K defeat Russian Kutuzov & 130K 74

1812 Pindari bandits raid Mirzapur

1812 Fulani Jihad destroys Ngazargamu, Bornu capital

1812 Ismail Pacha conquers Nubian Arabs

1812 Egypt conquers Kassala, Sudan

6/18/1812-1/81815 War of 1812 in America (2,260 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept.]) 2.26

1813 @Lake Erie in the War of 1812

1813 Algerians invade Tunisia

1813 Rajputs retake Kutch

1814 Unsuccessful revolt in Peru

1814 @Rancarangua Spanishh defeat Chileans

1814 British capture Toulouse

6/15-18/1815 @Waterloo Napolean defeated again 83-88 85

1815 @New Orleans in the War of 1812

1815 Valenciennes resists Spanish siege

1815 Crimean War in Russia

1815 French capture Liege, Belgium

1816 British bombard Algiers

1816 Anglo-Dutch ships bombard Algiers

1817 Afonja rebels in Oyo Empire, Dahomey

1817 Sri Lankans try to rebel against British

1817-1818 120K British win Pindari War against ~30K Pindaris

1817-1819 First U.S.-Seminole War

1817/18-1827/28 Shaka Zulu expands lands

5/1818 Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola from Spanish

1818-1840 Mfecane in southern Africa

1816 Arthur Thistlewood organizes Spaa Fields riot in England

1818 Andrew Jackson slaughters Seminoles in FLorida

2/12/1817-4/5/1818 Independence for Chile

1819 Burmese conquer Manipur and Ahom Kingdom in Assam

8/7/1819 Independence for Colombia >3.6

8/1819 @Manchester, England Peterloo Massacre

1820 Revolt in Haiti after Henri Christopher's stroke

1820 Portugese army revolts in Portugal

1820-1841 Christians persecuted in Vietnam

1820-1822 Egyptian Ottomans conquer Sudan

1821 Austrian field marshal Ferdinand Bubna put down Piedmont revolt

~1821-1828 Settlers massacre Tasmanians

1825-1830 Indonesians rebel against Dutch

1820 Unsuccessful Spanish Revolt

1821 Guatemala and El Salvador revolt from Spain

6/24/1821 Independence for Venezuela

1821-1832/33 Greek War of Independence

1822 Independence for Mexico

5/24/1822 Independence for Ecuador

7/21/1821-26 Independence for Peru and Bolivia ~10

4/30/1824 Rebellion failed in Portugal

1825-1830 Dutch win Java War

1825 Revolt in Russia

1826-1828 Siamese crush Laotian rebellion and sack Vientienne in 1827

1827 Fulani jihad against Yoruba people

1827-1829 Honduran Civil War

1828-1829 Russo-Turkish War

1824-1825 First Anglo-Burmese War, started by Burma

1824 Zulus fight Basetho and King Moshesh

1826-1828 Russia and Persia at war

1826 Ahmadu and Fulani capture Timbuktu

1827 Argentine Juan Lavalle captures Bage

~1828-~1840 In Mfecane Kolo defeat Lozi people

~1828-~1840 In Mfecane Ndwandue people found Gaza Empire

~1828-~1840 In Mfecane Ndebele take land from Shona people

1828-1829 Russians take Armenia from the Turks

1830 Wahehe people of Tanzania stop MAsai's southern march

1830 Ngoni first attacks Zimbabwe

1830 French defeat Algiers

1830 Belgium and Luxembourg successfully rebel from Netherlands

1830's Aroostoock War between Can. and Maine lumbermen

8/24/1830-4/1839 Belgians rebel from Dutch

1831 Nat Rutner's slave revolt in Virginia 0.057

1831 Other tribes defeat King Zwangendaba & Jere people

1831 Jere destroy Changamiree Empire in Tanzania

1832 Nusayris attack Ismaili village of Masyaf Pasha of Damascus reacts

1832 Blackfeet try to drive White trappers from their territory

1832 Black Hawk War - Sac and Fox Indians fight U.S.

1832-1833 Egypto-Turkish War

8/28/1833 Assiniboins and Crees attack 150 drunk Blackfeet 0.024

1833 French take Bejaia, NE Algeria

1834 Ngoni destroy Changarnive in Shona

1834 Prison rebellion in New South Wales (Australia)

1833/1834-1839/1840 Carlist Wars in Spain (Don Carlos)

1834-1847 Algerians try to resist French

1835 Maoris enslave Moriori of the Chatham Islands

11/1835 Ngoni cross Zambezi River in conquest

1835-1842 Second U.S. Seminole War; Seminole Trail of Tears Americans 2

10/1837 Thomas Jesup treacherously captures Seminole chief Osceola

12/1837 @Lake Okeechobee Zachary Taylor defeats Seminoles

Fall/1835-4/21/1836 Texas War of Independence 5K Mexicans 2.15

2/23/1836 4K Mexicans kill 187 Texans at the Alamo 0.2

1837 U.S. captures Osceola under a flag of truce

1838 @Blood River Boers defeat Zulus 3

1838 King Moshesh of the Basotho fights invading Boers

1839 Russia invades Khwarezm

1839 British occupy Aden

1839 Turks invade Syria

6/24/1839 @Nizip Egyptians defeat Ottomans

1839 First Anglo-Afghan War

1839-1842 First Opium War in China -over 2 million Chinese addicts

1839-1842 Second Anglo-Afghan War

1839 British capture Karachi

1841 Sultan of Brunei and Brit James Brooke stop rebels

1842 Druse + discontent Maronites defeat Shihab Maronites

1842 British defeat Boers

1843-1862 French fight in Indochina

1843 Sri Lankans try to rebel against British

1844 Yauri Civil War in Nigeria

1844 Blacks rebel in Cuba

1845-1848 Anglo-Sikh wars 2.5 British killed 2.5

1846 Wadai conquers Kanem-Bornu near Lake Chad

1/28/1846 Sir Harry Smith takes Aliwal, in Punjab from Sikhs

1846-1848 Mexican-American War (1,733 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept] 13.3

2/10/1846 @Sobraon Hugh Gough+15K Brits defeat 20K Sikhs 5-8

1846 @Resaca de la Palma in Mexican American War

1846 @Chapultepec American defeat Mexican army

1847 Cape Frontier Wars

11/29/1847-1849Cayuse War in Washington 0.03

1848 Páez rebels in Venezuela

1848 Sri Lankans try to rebel against British

1848-2/21/49 Anglo-Sikh wars in India

1848-1849 Hungarians try to revolt form Austria

3/1848 Venetians rebel against Austria

1848 "Year of Revolutions" France, Austria, Germany

1848-1850 Babists revolt in Iran

1848 Austrian Empire Revolution

1848-1866 Apaches and Whites fight

1849 107 day siege of Timisoara, Romania by Hungarians

1849 Danes and allies control Schleswig-Holstein

1849 @Novara Austrians put down Italian/Sardinian revolt

1849-1854 British stop Malay piracy in Brunei

1850 1,000 Afridi attack British road builders in Afghanistan. Brits retaliate

1850-1890 Kazembe Civil War in Zaire & Zambia

1850-1864 Hong Xiu-chuan leads the Tai-Ping (Taiping) Rebellion in China 2000

1850-1872 Miao rebellion in China

1851-1868 Nian rebellion in China

1851 White Lotus Peasant Uprising

1851 British capture Lagos from Dahomey

1852 Umar al-Hajj defeats Bambara & Mandinka in Senegal-Niger

1852 Persians massacre Babists 20

1852 Second Anglo-Burmese War (small war, Brits won)

1852 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan

1853 American Wim. Walker invades Baja California.

1853 Jowaki Afridis attack British roadbuilders, 1.7K British destroy their city of Bori

1853 Russia invades European part of Turkey

1853 James Brooke fights against Brunei

3/1854 @Cieneguilla 250 Utes & Jicarilla Apaches defeat U.S. 0.048

1854 Apache War in New Mexico

1854 Chang Hsiu-mei rebels in China

9/1854-1856 Crimean War

1854 @Sevastopal in the Crimean War

1854-1868 Hakka & Punii Civil War in China 75

12/1854 Decembrist officer's revolt in Russia

1855 Abyssinian Emperor Theodore conquers Shoa

1855 Colonel Craigie and 1.5K British fight the Aka Khel Afridi

1855 U.S. and Ute Indians fight

1855 Third U.S.-Seminole War

1855-1857 Red Turban rebellion

1855-1861 500 Peasant Uprisings in Russia 50

1855 Muslim revolt in Yunnan

1855 American Wm. Walker captures Granada and invades Nicaragua

1855-1874 Yunnan and Szechuan Muslim rebellions

1856-1857 British defeat Persians

1856-1860 Second Opium War in China

1857 Nicaragans financed by Vanderbilt defeat Wm. Walker

5/10/1857-6/1859 Indian Sepoy mutiny against British

7/16/1857 Indian mutineers massacre British women and children in Cawnpore

7/17/1857 Havelock captures Cawnpore

11/14/1857 British C|olin Campbell captures Lucknow in India

6/16/1858 British Rose captures Morar in India

1858-1863 Federalist Wars in Venezuela

1858 U.S. Mormon "War" - no casualties 0

1858 U.S. and Comanches fight. 60 Comanches killed 0.06

1859 France & Piedmont defeat Austria and take Lombardy

1859 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan

1859-1869 Spanish invade Morocco

1860 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan

1860 U.S. fights combined Kiowas and Comanches

1860 Maronites and Druze fight in Lebanon

1860 British & French occupy Beijing in the Arrow War

1860 Samoans fight each other

1860 Geribaldi overthrows Naples & conquers Two Sicilies

1860-1870 Maori Wars in New Zealand 2K Maoris 2

1861 Umar al-Hajj of Tukulor captures Segou, Mali

1861 a peasants' revolt in Russia

1861-1886 Apache Wars

1861 Czar Alex II freed 20 million Russian serfs

1861-1866 American Civil War: 1/5 died in battle, rest disease 498.3-618

360 Union solders and 256K Rebel soldiers died

1/5 Union soldiers & 1/4 Confed. soldiers died

24 major battles, 10,000 engagements 4M slaves total

200K Negro soldiers

1861 First battle of Bull Run in the American Civil War

1862 Antietem in the American Civil War

4/6-7/1862 @Shiloh Union recaptures ground against 40K Confederates. Equal numbers killed 20

5/5/1862 @Puebla , Mexico Mexicans hold off French 1

1862 Great slave raid on Easter Island

1862 @Lin-an in Taip[ing Rebellion 600

1862 al-Hajj Umar defeats Muslim Fulani state of Macina

1862-1873 Ma Hua Lung Rebellion in China 10000

1862-1863 Rebellion in Taiwan

1862/33-1874/7 Muslim rebellion in northwest China; Lan-chou destroyed 600

1863 Umar al-Hajj briefly captures Timbuktu

1863 @Chancellorville in the American Civil War

1863 @Gettysburg Union defeats Confederates

1863 @vicksburg Union army takes VIcksburg

1863 @Chattanooga in the American Civil War

7/13-17/1863 Draft riots in New York City. (Could avoid the draft if paid $300) >0.119

1864 First Tonghak/Donghak Rebellion in Korea

1864 @Sand Creek U.S. soldiers kill Cheyenee who came for peace 0.3

1864 @Wilderness in thge American Civil War

1864 Sand Creek Massacre of Whites by Indians

1864-11/27/1868 Custer & 7th Cavalry fight Cheyenne 0.1

1864-1870 War of the Triple Alliance (Arg,Braz,Uru vs.Par) 6000

-1864 Modocs of California-Oregon attack U.S. settlers

1864 Germans and Austrians take Schleswig-Holstein

1864 White miners annihilate Yahi tribe in California

1864 Choe Cheu tries to rebel in 2nd Tonghak/Donghak revolt in Korea

1864 Tuaregs and Fulani rebels defeat and Kill Umar al-Hajj

7/1865 Roman Nose, N. & S. Cheyenne & Souix ambush supply train

1866-68 Souix War

1866 Yauri Civil War in Nigeria

1866 Austro-Prussian War Austria loses Venice

1866 Fetterman massacre of Whites by Indians

7/3/1866 @Königgrata 255K Prussians defeat 241K Austrians 34

1867 SIokhs capture Kasur

5/14/1867 @Aueritara in French-Mexican War

1868 @Arikaree River Roman Nose tries to drive whites out of Kansas

1868-1880 Samory Touvé starts empire in Guinea, Africa

1868-1869 U.S. General Sheridan defeats Indians

1868-1872/89 Terrodros II unifies Ethiopia

10/2/1868 100 Kiowa attack Ft. Zaerah in Kansas

1868-1878 Cuban Independence under Carlos Manuel de Cespedes

11/1868 U.S. defeat Washita and Cheyenne

12/25/1868 @Soldier’s Spring U.S. defeats Comanches

1870 U.s wages Kiowa and Comanche campaigns

1870 Franco-Prussian War

1870-1871 Franco-{Prussian War

1870 @Sedan in the Franco-Prussian War Prussians capture 100K 26

5/26/1871-6/2 Communard Rebellion in France 25

1871 Sultan Wadai conquers Bahjivni in Sudan

1872 War of 1872 America vs. Barbary Pirates

1872 Ottomans take Sana, Yemen

1872-1873 Modoc Indian War in California

1873 Muslim revolt in Yunnan

1873 Russia conquers Khwarezm

1873-1903 Dutch fight Acehnese in Sumatra

1873-1874 British win Second Ashanti War 0.19

1874-1875 Red River War betweens Whites and Indians

1874 U.S. General Sheridan defeats Plains Indians

1874 Zebehr overthrows Sultan Buhan in Kordofan

1875-1877 Souix Uprising under Sitting Bull & Crazy Horse Tashuncah

1875 Hercegovinian Christians revolt against Turkey

6/1876 Battle of Little Bighorn; Custer & much of 7th Cavalry killed

1876 Turks suppress Bulgarian rebellion 10 5-15

1876 Russians capture Uzbek city of Andizhan

6/30/1876-10/31/1876 Serbo-Turkish War

1877 Sir George Goldie's Royal company defeats Nupe & Ilorin

1877 Japan punishes Taiwan for Ryukyu sailors’ treatment

5/10/5/1877 Nez Perce War; 5K U.S. defeat 250 Nez Perce warriors 0.5K

1877 @Bear Paw Mountain U.S. defeats Nez Perce

877-7/13/78 Russo-Turkish War. Turkey loses Cyprus

1877-1878 Sir Charles Paton Keyes and 7.4K British destroy Jowaki Afridi villages

1878 John Adams Tytler and 2.5K British subdued Zakka Khel Afridis

1878-1880 Third Anglo-Afghan War

1879 Sir Frederick Francis Maude and 3.75K British subdued Zakka Khel Afridis of Bazar Valley

1879 War of the fleeing wife England vs. Zulus

1879-1880 Victorio’s War in West Texas (Victorio led 890 Mescalero Apaches)

1879-1883/84 War of the Pacific Peru, Bolivia vs. Chile

1879 British-Zulu War .British defeat 40-60K Zulus 8 Brits 0.8

1879 @Ulunid Duihr British-Zulu war 1.5

1880 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan

1880 Italy invades Ethiopia

1880 Ma'daba, Jordan destroyed

1880 Anti-Semitic pogroms in Poland

12/30/1880-4/5/1881 Boer War

1881 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan

1881 Egyptians revolt against Turks

1881 Peruvian-Chilean War 9.8

1882 Revolt in Russia

1882 Abdur Rahman conquers Shignan and Roshan in Russia

1882-1885 Mahdist Revolt against British in Sudan

1883-1885 Sino-French War

1883-1886 Samory Touvé fights the French in Africa

3/13/1884 @Tami British narrowly defeat Sudanese Osman Digna

3/13/1884-1/26/1885 Siege of Khartoum

3/13/1884 @Tamail British defeat Osman Digna of Sudan

1884 French capture Conakry in Guinea

1884 @cincinnati Mob violence over corrupt city government 0.045

11/14/1885-3/3/1886 Serbs fight Bulgaria and lose

1885 Revolution in Rumelia

11/1885-1886 Third Anglo-Burmese War (started by british)

1886 Venezuela vs. British Guiana

1886 Geronimo surrenders at Skeleton Canyon

1887-1889 Italian-Abyssian (Ethiopian) War 320K vs. 220K 63.5

1889 Sudan tries to conquer Egypt

1890 @Wounded Knee U.S. defeats Lakota Souix Indians 0.144

1890 Eastern tribes sdestroy Kazembe empire, Zaire

1890 Samory Touvé sacks Kong, Africa

1890 Mwanga, Catholic & Anglicans defeat Kalema

1891 Samory Touvé fights the French in Africa

1892-1894 French defeat Benin in Africa

1892-1894 French defeat Behanzin of Dahomey in Africa

1893 Kano Fulani Civil War in Africa

1893 French occupy Laos in Indochina

1893 French defeat Ahmadu (son of Umar al-JHajj) in Mali

1893 Chilean Civil War

1893 Sudanese Rabih as-Zubayr defeats Bornu

1894 Japan takes Taiwan,Pescadores,& part Manchuria

1894 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan

1894-1898 2nd Tonghak revolt in Korea suppressed

1894 French conquer all Madagascar

1894 Nana Nigeria temporarily repulses British with Cannon

1895 French conquer Madagascar

2/23/1895 Cubans revolt from Spain

1895-1898 Abdallah at-Taaisha of Sudan fights Nilotes

1895 Uprising against Manchus in China

1896-1897 British fight in Matabeleland

1896 War of the Cricket Match England vs. Zanzibar (war lasted 37 min)

3/20/1896 U.S. troops land in Nicaragua in midst of revolution

1896 @Malatya Turk Sutlan Abdulhamid II kills 200K Armenians 200

1897 Fightings between Ilorin and neighboring states in Niger stops when British occupy it

1897 British fight the Tirah campaign

1897 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan .39 Brits .39

1897 Greeks and Turks fight over Crete

1898 Samory Touvé sacks Bondockou?, Africa

1898 Uzbeks and Andishan revolt against Tsars

4/8/1898 Battle of Atbara in Egypt

1898-1/19/99 Anglo-Egyptians reconquer Sudan

4/24/1889-12/10/1898 Spanish-American War (385 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept]

1898 @Manilla Bayu and Santiago in the Spanish-American War

1899 Cipriano Castro takes Caracas & Venezuela

1899-1902 Boer War of South Africa 50

1899-1900 Robert Baden-Powell defends Mafeking

1899 @Ladysmith in the Boer War

1899 French capture Zinder, Niger

1899-1900 Anti-Christian Boxer Rebellion in China

4/22/1900 Lamy and Barigmi defeat and kills Rabah/Rabih az-Zubayr of Bornu

1900-1902 British destroy Aro, Nigeria

1901 British capture Zazzau (Zaria) Nigeria

1902-1903 Revolt in Venezuela

1902 British fight the Waziris in NW Pakistan

1902 British conquer south Ghana

1903 British capture Kano City, Nigeria

1903 Successful Revolt in Panama with U.S. help

1904 British invade Tibet to fend off Russians

2/6/1904-9/05 Russo-Japanese War 330K vs. 270K 158/160

1/22/1905-06 Russian Revolution 1K first day 1

5/1905 Japanese fleet destroys Russia's 6

1905-1907 Pig War between Austria and Serbia

7/1905-1907 Maji Maji Uprising in Tanzania 70

8/1906 Revolt in Cuba

1907-1909 Young Turk Revolution in Turkey

2/1908 British fight Zakka Khel Afridis in Afghanistan

1908 Revolution in Persia

4/1909 Attempted counter-revolution in Turkey

1909 War between Morocco & Spain

-4/1937 Spanish Civil War 0.5+

1909 Overthrow of Sultan Abdul Hamid II of Turkey

1910-11 In Mexico Madero rebels against DÍaz

1910 Naval revolt in Portugal; King Manuel II flees

1910 Japan annexes Korea

1911-1912 Wuchang Uprising in China

1911-1912 Han drive out or kill Mongols

1911-1912 Turko-Italian War Benghazi taken

1911 Revolution in Mongolia

1912 U.S. intervenes in Nicaragua

1912 Albanians revolt against Turks

1912 Revolt in Oriente Province, Cuba

1912-1913 Tibetans throw out Chinese

1912-1913 First Balkan War

1/1913 2nd CUP Revolution in Turkey

6/29/1913-7/30/1913 Second Balkan War

~1914 Mexican Revolution: Carranza defeats Victoriano Huerta  

6/14/1914-11/11/1918 World War I 65M from 32 nations mobilized 8500

Cost: $328 billion (53,402 Amer. Killed [Defnese Dept])

1914 First Battle of the Marne in World War I

1914 @Tannenberg in World War I

~1915 Assyrian Christians rebel from Ottomans during WWI

1915 @Dardenelles in World War I

4/1915 Turks kill Armenians with guns and famine 800

War between Turks & Greeks Nat'l Geo

Russian Revolution

1916 Kirgiz revolt in Russia

1916 @Verdun in World War I

1916 Al-Hizaj rebels against Ottomans

1916 @the Somme in World War I

1916 Jutland Sea Battle in World War I

1916 Easter Uprising in Ireland

1916 Warlords fight in China after the death of Yuan Shikai

3/9/1916 Pancho Villa attacks Columbus New Mexico, U.S.A.

1916-1924 U.S. troops occupy Dominican Republic

1917 Revolution in Russia

1917 @Arras in World WarI

1917 @Caporetto in World War I

1918 British and Indian cavalry capture Haifa from the Turks

1918-1935 Widespread anti-Semitism in Rumania

1918-1922 French subdue ;Alawi lands in Syria

1918 The 2nd Battle of the Marne in World War I

1918 Revolt in Hamburg, Germany

1919 Communist revolution in Hungary led by Bela Kun

1919 Italians seize Fiume, Yugoslavia

1919 Third Afghan War

4/13/1919 British massacre Indians 1.6

1920-1921 Russo-Polish War; bolsheviks turn back Polish invasion

1920 Iraqis try to rebel from British rule

1920 Civil War in Ireland

1921 Muslim Moplah revolt in South India

1921 Kronstadt rebellion in Russia

1921 Chinese warlords Yu-hsiung Feng & Chihli 100

1921 Riffians of Morocco kill Spanish soldiers 16

1921-1922 Turkey holds off Greek attack

1922 Governemtn purge during "Left Deviation" in Mongolia

1922 Unrest in Ireland 4

1922 Fascists march on Rome

1923 Hitler tries to take over Bavaria

1920's Spanish seize Rio Muni, Africa

1920’s ibn Saud exapnds Saudi Arabia

1924 Fascist murder in Italy

4/27/1924 ‘Alawites massacre Christian nuns; French kill Alawites

1925 War of the Stray Dog Greece vs. Bulgaria 0.048

1925-1926 Uprising in Morocco

1926-1927 Communists rebel against Dutch in Indonesia

1927-1939 Chinese Civil War (Phase I)

1931 Hindu-Muslim riots in India

1931 Japan takes half of Manchuria

1930's Rebellion in Cent. Afric. Rep.

1930's Kurds rebel in Iraw

1932-1935 Chaco War: Paraguay vs. Bolivia

1933 US intervenes in Nicaragua

8/1933 Assyrian Christians rebel in Iraq 0.33

1935 Kristallnacht - Jewish synagogues in Germany burned down

1935 Italy invades Ethiopia

1936 Waziristan War Great Britain vs. Waziristan cost $11 million

1936 Sidqi's Revolt in Iraq

7/18/1936-3/28/1939 Spanish Civil War (Franco) 430

1/21/1937 Japanese foreign min. Hacio Arita urged colony holding nations to

adopt free trade as an aid to world peace.

2/19/1937 Guomintang & Chinese Communists stop fighting each other

1937 @Teruelk in the Spanish Civili War

2/23/1937 Italy executes >100 Ethiopian bombers 0.1

3/8/1937 New Japanese Foreign Min. Naotale Sato forecasts Japan’s

moderation of policy toward China (They first fought 7/7/1937)

3/21/1937 Puerto Rican Nationalists fight US 50 injured 0.007

4/2/1937/1938 @Bilbao Rebels defeat Basque Nationalists

4/21/1937 Rebels bomb Madrid 0.2

4/29/1937 Nazis put 1015+ Catholic priests, monks & lay on trial

1937 Sino-Japanese War  

5/4/1937 @Barcelona, Spain, Anarchists try to revolt

6/9/1937 Spanish Rebels capture Bilbao after 9 month siege

6/19/1937 Nazis close 977 Catholic schools in Germany

8/8/1937 Nazis arrest 115 supporters demonstrating for Niemoller

12/12/1937 Japanese sink American & 2 British boats on Yangtze River

12/24/1937 Japan declared sinking the 3 boats unintentional

2/23/1938 Chinese bomb Taihoku, Taiwan which is occupied by Japanese

3/17/1938 Polish ultimatum to Lithuania threatens invasion 0

4/16/1938 Terrorism in Romania

5/21/1938 A rebel airplane bombs San Luis Potosi, Mexico

6/23-7/25/1938 Arabs & Jews fight in Palestine 0.053

6/29/1938 Jewish terrorism against Arabs 0.15 wounded 0.038

7/29/1938 Anti-Fascists try to revolt in Crete

8/19/1938 British & Arabs fight in Hebron

9/5/1938 Chile suppresses Fascist revolt

9/30/1938 After Nazis threaten Czechs, Poles make Czechs leave Teschen0

10/5/1938 British kill 80 Arabs 0.080

10/5/1938 Hungarian troops invade 2 Czech border towns

10/18/1938 Poland sends 20K more troops to stop Ukraine nationalists

10/30/1938 H.G. Wells scares people with dramatization of War of the Worlds

11/25/1938 Leftists try to rebel in Bolivia

11/27/1938 Bulgarian military puts down riots

1939-12/31/1946 World War II 110M from 31 nations mobilized 60000

Cost of WW II: 1.35 Trillion $ (291,557 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept.])

1940 @Dunkirk British evacuate before Germans

1940 @Sedan in WW II

1941 War between Ecuador & Peru

1941 @Crete in WWII

1941 @Pearl Harbor Japanese destroy Amer. fleet minus Air-Carriers

1941-1942 @Bataan in the Philippines Japanese capture Americans

1942 @Singapore in WWII

1942 Naval battle of the Coral Sea

1942 @Guadalcanan Americans defeat Japanese

1942 @El Alamein in WWII

1942-1943 @Stalingrad in WWII

1943 Naval battle of the Bismark Sea

1943 Battle of Tarawa in WW II

1943 @Kharkov in WWII

1943-1944 @Cassino in WWII

1944 @St. Lô in WW II

1944-1945 Americans recapture the Philippines

1945 Americans defeat Japanese on Okinawa

1945 Battle of the Rhine Allies defeat Germans

1945-1960 E.Germ Soviet Internment Camp 12.5

1945 In the Ruhr Allies defeat Germans

1945 Allies take Berlin

~1946 Communists take over Hungary 10

1941-1952 Russians oppress Lithuanians 320K deported 58

1941-1945 Croats in Utashi organization slaughter Serbs

Congo (Zaire) Civil War

1943-10/16/49 Greek Civil War 60.384

1944 Guatemalan Revolution against Jorge Ubico

-1946 Sliman Mushad revolts from Syria until hung in 1946

1946-1949 Chinese Civil War 600K vs. 300K 222.123

1947 Israeli Independence

1947 Indian, Muslim, & Sikh refugees kill each other in India

1947-1948 Malagassies try to revolt against French 11

2/28/1947 er-er-pa rebellion of Taiwanese in Taiwan <= 28K 28

11/7/1948-1/12/49 @Hwau-Hai in Chinese Civil War said 550K Nationalists

1948 Indian army occupies Hyderabad

1948-1949 Muslim revolt in Kashmir

1947-1948 French crush rebellion in Madagascar 11

1948-1949 Civil War in Costa Rica 2

1948-1958/62 La Violencia in Colombia after assassination 200

1948 Palace revolt in Yemen Arab Republic

1948-1960 Chin Peng & Communist revolt in Malaysia. Britain assists 11

1948-5/17/1954 Philippines defeat Luis Tarul Comm. Hukbalahaps (Huk) guerrillas

9/18/1948-12/1948 Communists rebel in Indonesia - Madiun Affair

1948-1949 Communists try to take over India

1948-1949 Communists rebel in north Madra & Andhra, India

10/1949-1/1954 In 6/12/1954 Mao admits liquidating 800K 800

1949 Rebellion in Colombia 1.5

1950 Unsuccessful revolt in Yemen Arab Republic

-1954 French lose hold on Indochina

6/25/1950-10PM7/27/1953 Korean War -dead 1.3M SKor .5M NKor 1M Ch. .062U.S 3000

(But 33,741 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept.])

Through 1951 Tuskegee Institute says US lynchings from 1882-1951

4/16/1951 Bolivian military takes over gov’t

8/11/1951 Peru attacks disputed Ecuadorian border post

10/16/1952 Anti-British riots in Ismailia, Egypt

1/1/1952 Egypt opens fire on British in Suez Canal area

1/23-24/1952 Raksha Dal group rebels in Nepal

1/26/1952 Rioters attack many French, US & Brit businesses in Ismailia

2/21/1953 Riots in Dacca, East Pak. against Urdu being only official language

4/9-11/1952 Revolt overthrows military junta in Bolivia

7/23/1952 Military coup in Egypt

8/9/1952 Communist terrorists in Kuching, E. Malaysia

8/19/1952 The army defeats Communists & extremists in Tehran, Iran

8/25/1952 Nationalists raid Kingchen-wei south of Shanghai

9/25/1952 Communists & Shan people rebel in Burma

11/8/1952 Blacks riot in Kimberley, South Africa 0.014

12/7/1952 Anti-French riots in French Morocco

-1/15/1953 Waruhiu Itote & Mau Mau’s rebel in Kenya

1/6/53 Failed Bolivian army coup

3/1/1953 Riots against Ahmadiya Muslims in Pakistan

3/26/1953 Mau’s maus kill loyal Kikuyu in Nairobi 0.15

3/26/1953 12K Nationalists fight Burmese

7/16/1953 Nationalist Chinese capture Tungshan Island, off of China

11/12/1953 Communists & extremists try to revolt in Iran

11/19/1953 Burma captures a communist base in Bassein district

1/30/1954 Viteminh invade northern Laos

4/2/1954 Viteminh cross into Cambodia

5/21/1954 Anti-US riots in Taipei, Taiwan

8/9/1954 Taiwan sinks 8 Comm. Chinese gunboats

9/2/1954 Israelis attack Jordanian village

9/3/1954 Comm. China shells Quemoy

9/17/1954 Taiwan destroys 100 Comm. Chinese junks

1954-1972 Civil War for an independent southern Sudan

1954-1962 Algeria gains independence from France

7/5/1954 Failed coup in Nepal

8/16/1954 Portuguese bombard & recapture a fort in Goa

11/18/1954 Terrorists in Tunisia

1954 CIA organized coup topples Jacobo Arbenz of Guatemala

1/10/1955 Comm. Chinese planes raid Tachen Islands

1/12/1955 Revolt in Costa Rica

1/18/1955 Comm. Chinese capture Yikiang Island

1/20/1955 Failed revolt in Guatemala

2/5/1955 US shoots down 2 of 8 Commnist Chinese planes in the Yellow Sea

2-5/1955 Israel & Egypt fight in Gaza

4/5/1955 Failed coup against Imam Ahmad in Yemen

4/1955 Bin Xuyen & Hoa-Hao religious sects rebel in S. Vietnam

5/12/1955 4 killed in Communist riots in Singapore

6/17/1955 Revolt against Peron in Argentina

7/17/1955 anti-French riots in Casablanca, Morocco

7/28/1955 Bulgaria shoots down Israeli passenger aircraft

8/13/1955 IRA raids a military depot at Arborfield, England

8/19/1955 Miutiny in Sudan

8/20/1955 Algerian riots in Constantine

9/6/1955 Communists lead anti-Greek riots in istnabul & Izmir

9/15/1955 In Cyprus British send troops to expel Makarios III. EOKA banned

9/16/1955 Rebels control South Argentina

12/11/1955 Israel captures part of Golan Heights in Syria

1/6-10/24/1956 Russia crushes revolt in Hungary 12

4/26/1956 Israel kills 50 Jordanians in Jordan

1956 Protestants persecuted in Colombia

1956-1958- EOKA Terrorists in Cyprus

6/10/1956 Failed Peronista counterrevolution in Argentina

7/31/1956 Chinese troops occupy part of NE Burma

10/31/1956 Britain & France fight Egypt

2/1957 Muslim unrest in Ethiopia

3/2/1957 Island of Makassar attempts to secede from Indonesia

3/13/1957 Failed revolt in Cuba 0.04

1957-1/2/1959 Castro takes Cuba from Fulgencio Batista

4/1-3/1957 Serious rioting in Chile

4/18/1957-5/6/57 Honduran Nicaraguan Civil War

4/29-5/1/1957 Nicaragua invades Honduras

6/1957 1,000’s of students violently riot for 2 days in Hanyang, China

7/24-8/11//1957 Brits & Muscat & Oman fight gov’t rebels

9/1/1957 French troops cross into Tunisia in pursuit of Algerians

9/5/1957 Unsuccessful revolt in Cienfuegos, Cuba

9/17/1957 Bloodless coup overthrows Pibul Songgram in Thailand 0

12/1957 Indonesia seizes 34 Dutch ships

12/7/1957 French kill 103 Algerian rebels 0.107

1957-1975 Vietnam War 2050

3.1 million wounded, 153,000 US (47,414 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept.])

1958 Failed Communist revolt in Cameroun

1/2/1958 Failed Venezuelan revolt at Maracay AFB

2/17/1958 Egypt sends troops into N. Sudan

5/12/-7/15/1958 Karami revolts against Camile Chamoun in Lebanon

5/28/1958 France fight in Tunisia

7/14/1958 Qassim overthrows Monarchy of raq

7/15-10/25/1958 UStroops are in Lebanon

8/23-9/24/1958 Communist China attempts to take over Quemoy

10/22/1958 Failed Socialist Falange revolt in Bolivia

12/20/1958 Israel shoots down U.A.R. jet over Israeli Negev

1/5/1959- Independence revolt in Belgian Congo

2/24/1958 Independence revolt in Nyasaland

3/3/1959 Anti-US riots in La Paz, Bolivia

3/8-9/1959 Sunnis fight in Iraq 2

3/20/1959 Tibetan revolt against China; Kham tribe & city of Lhasa

4/6/1959 Revolt in Dahomey put down with the help of the French

4/19/1959 Unsuccessful Falangist revolt in Bolivia

5/1/1959 Small invasion of Panama in vain

5/17/1959 Communist China shells Matsu Islands in Formosa Strait

5/18/1959 Burmese crush Nationalist Chinese along China/Burma border

7/14/1959 Communists fight gov’t in Kirkuk, Iraq

7/30/1959 Communist guerrillas attack Laotian army

8/13/1959 Cuban revolt at Cienfuegos put down

8/25/1959-1962 Chinese-Indian border War 9.4

11/12/1959 Fighting between Tutsis & Hutus in Ruanda -Urundi

12/12/1959 1,000 Argentine rebels try to invade Paraguay

1959-1963 Civil War in Rwanda 7 5-8K

1/1/1960 Violent rioting in Cameroun

1/2/1960 Anti-Jewish riots in West Germany

1/24/-2/1/1960 Anglo rightests rebel against French in Algeria

3/21/1960 Negro demonstrators killed at Sharpeville, S. Africa 0.05

4/21/1960 Short-lived revolt in Western Venezuela

4/24/1960 Race riots in Biloxi, Miss. as Negros try to swim at beaches

4/28/1960 Anti-gov’t riots in Ankara & Istanbul, Turkey

5/27/1960 Bloodless military coup in Turkey 0

7/6/1960-1967 Civil War in the Congo (Zaire) (100K-110K) 105

8/9/-12/18/1960 Pathet Lao capture Vientiane, Laos

10/10/1960 @Caracas, Venezuela leftist riots

11/12/1960 Paratrooper revolt in Vietnam

11/13/1960 unsuccessful leftist army revolt in Guatemala

11/14/1960 Nicaragua stops Costa Rican invaders

11/25-12/2/1960 Riots in Caracas, Venezuela

11/30/1960 Peronistas attempt to take over Argentina

12/1-3/1960 French fire on European rioters in Bone, Algeria 0.065

1960 Revolt against Port. in Guinea-Bissau

12/14-17/1960 Failed revolt against Selassie in Ethiopia

12/28/1960 Riots in ghent, Belgium

1960 Jordanian Civil War

1/24/1961 Portuguese exiles seize Port. ship Santa Maria

1/25/-2/3/1961 El Salvador’s junta overthrown

2/5/1961 Rioting in Luanda, Angola

2/27/1961 Congolese troops brutally assault UN troops

4/15/1961 US strafes 3 Cuban airbases

4/17-19/1961 Bay of Pigs: 1300 Invade Cuba 0.09

4/22-26/1961 Maurice Challe mutinies & captures Algiers, Algeria

5/5/1961 3.4K Portuguese troops try to stop Angolan terrorism in Angola

6/7/1961 Failed Communist coup in Bolivia

6/14/1961 Violence by German speakers in Bolzano province Italy

6/26/1961 Failed Venezuelan military revolt in Barcelona

7/5/1961 Algerian unrest 0.08

7/19-22/1961 French fight in Tunisia

8/12/1961 Failed bloodless coup in Argentina

9/13/1961 UN Troops fight Katangan rebels

9/29/1961 Rebels overthrow Syria

12/18/1961 Indonesian troops take over Netherlands New Guinea

12/18/1961 Indian troops take over Goa, Damao, & Diu

12/31/1961 Failed right-wing coup in Lebanon

1961-1/63-8/94- Guatemalan Civil War 130

1961 Kurds rebel from Iraqis in Iraq

1961-1964 Civil War in Yemen Arab Republic

5/30/1961-1/12/1970 Nigerian Civil War

1/1/1962 Unsuccessful revolt in Beja, Portugal

1/4/1962- OAS in Algeria calls for revolt against France

1/22/1962 Failed army revolt in Ankara

1/29/1962 Unsuccessful coup in Ceylon

2/17/1962 Congolese troops kill 19 Belgian R.C. missionaries

12/15/-19/1962 Violent strikes in British Guiana

-2/26/1962 Irish Rep. Army lays down its arms & disbands

3/2/1962 General Ne Win’s coup in Burma

3/13-19/1962 Student riots in Guatemala

3/28/1962 Coup in Syria 0

3/29/1962 Coup in Argentina 0

4/3/1962 Pro-Egyptian revolt in Aleppo, Syria

4/19/1962 Chinese troops in eastern Kashmir

5/4-5/1962 Failed revolt of sailors in Carú pano, Venezuela

7/8/1962 Indian troops advance in Sinking, China

7/18/1962 Successful military coup in Peru

7/22-8/2/1962 Revolt in Algeria

9/18-23/1962 General Juan Carlos Ongania takes control in Argentina

9/27/1962 Military revolt in Yemen succeeds

10/8/1962 Terrorists strike in Venezuela

10/10-12/1962 Cuban exile group Alpha 66 raid Isabela de Sagua, Cuba

10/20-11/20/1962 Chinese defeat Indian & approach the plain of Assam

10/20/1962 Renewed fighting in the Congo

11/25/1962 Brief revolt in Guatemala

11/6/1962 U.A.R. planes attack Saudi Arabia

12/8-12/1962 @Brunei Failed revolt against Brits

12/12/1962 Failed revolt in Có rdoba, Argentina

12/17/1962 Coup against Mamadou Dia of Senegal

1/5/1963 Unsuccessful Communist coup in Peru 800 arrested

1/13/1963 Military coup in Togo

2/8/1963 Baathists overthrow Qassim in Iraq 2

2/12-10/1021964 Venezuelan terrorists

3/8/1963 Baathists seize power in Syria

3/30-6/9/1963 Pathet Laeo attack neutral troops in Laos

4/9/1963 Portuguese Guinea aircraft bomb Senegal

5/8-8/21/1963 South Viet troops persecute protesting Buddhists 0.007

5/28/1963 Yemeni Royalists fight Republican gov’t

6/9/1963 Egyptian planes bomb Qizan, Saudi Arabia

6/10/1963 Riots in Georgetown, British Guiana

6/10/1963-1966 Iraq fights Kurdish guerrillas

6/12/1963 Bombing in Quebec; Le Front de Liberation Quebecois

7/17/1963 Rebels conquer part of Portuguese Guinea

1963 Coup in South Vietnam

8/13-15/1963 Revolution of the Glorious 3 Days in Congo

9/29-10/12/1963 Front of Socialist Forces rebel in Algeria

10/3/1963 Col. Osvaldo Lopez in coup overthrows Ramon Villeda Morales

10/14-30/1963 Moroccan troops invade Algeria

10/28/1963 Col. Christophe Soglo overthrows in a coup Maga in Dahomey

12/10/1963 Terrorism in Federation of South-Arabia

12/21/1963-4/25/1964 Greek & Turk Cypriots fight

1/9/1964 Riots in Panama; 4 US & 20 Panamanians killed 0.024

1/12/1964 Revolt in Zanzibar

1/12/1964 @Calcutta fighting between Hindus & Muslims

1/21/1964 1/3 of Kwilu Province in revolt from Congo

1/25/1964 Troop mutinies in Kenya, Tanganyika, & Uganda

2/1964-7/27/1964 Sugar workers strike in British Guiana 0.2

2-3/30//1964 Fighting between Ethiopia & Somalia

2/19/1964 French defeat rebels in Gabon

1963-10/29/1964 Indonesia & Malaysia fight

1964-1965 Revolt in Malawi

4/2/1964 Military coup in Brazil

4/6/1964 Maldives revolt from British

4/27-5/19/1964 Pathet Lao breaks truce & fights in Laos

9/28/1964 Mountain tribes rebel in South Vietnam

11/13/1964 Israel & Syria fight

11/25/1964 Riots in Saigon, South Vietnam

1/26-2/17//1965 Tamils in south India rebel against Hindi being official language

2/4/1965 Right-wing revolt in Laos defeated

3/4/1965 2,000 Soviet students attack US embassy in Moscow

4/16/1965 Failed coup in Bulgaria

4/25/1965 Successful coup in the Dominican Republic

5/17/1965 Riots in La Paz, Bolivia

5/21/1965 Students riot in Colombia

7/13/1965 Fighting between Sudanese troops & southern rebel

7/30/1965 Riots in Honduras

8/12/1965 Riots in Watts area of Los Angeles, California 0.035

8/12/1965 Syria & Israel have border skirmishes

9/15/1965 Failed coup in Iraq

9/20/1965 Miners have failed revolt in Bolivia

9/30/1965 30th of September Movement Revolt in Indonesia

10/19/1965 Failed revolt in Burundi

10/22/1965 Anti-French riots in Martinique

10/29/1965 Israel raids two villages in Lebanon

10/31/1965-1967 Communists try to rebel in Indonesia 300

12/19/1965 Revolt again in the Dominican Republic

1965-6/25/75 Mozambique Independence

1965 India & Pakistan fight over the Rann (Bay) of Kutch

1965-1975 Guerrilla fighting in Chad

1965-1975 Angolans revolt against Portuguese 120

4/24/1965 Revolt in Dominican Republic

1/1/1965 Col. Jean Bedel Bokassa takes over Central African Rep.

1/3/1966 Irish & Northern Ireland fishing trawlers fight

1/6-8/1966 Mutinous army units in Dominican Republic

1/16-21/1966 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa killed in Nigerian Coup

2/17/1966 Students riot in Bogota, Colombia

2/23/1966 Violent riots in Indonesia

3/10/1966 Clashes between Hindus & Sikhs in India

3/12/1966 Food riots in West Bengal, India

3/15/1966 Riots in Watts area of Los Angeles, 2 dead 20 injured

4/9/1966 Indian & Pakistani troops fight near the Bay of Cutch

5/5/1966 Spanish students battle police in Madrid

5/5/1966 Israeli students clash with police in Jerusalem

5/23-25/1966 Failed revolt in buganda, Uganda

5/28/1966 Ibo & Hausas fight in Nigeria

6/3 or 7/10/1966-1976 Chinese Cultural Revolution 10000

6/7/1966 Students riot in Colon & Panama City, Panama

6/7/1966 Riots in East Pakistan for more independence

6/13-15/1966 Riots in Amsterdam, the Netherlands

7/15/1966 Riots in West Side, Chicago

7/29/1966 Successful coup in Nigeria

8/3/1966 Omaha, Atlanta, & Minneapolis have racial violence

8/9/1966 Violent whites try to stop Negro voter registration in Granada, Miss.

9/8/12966 Two failed coups in Syria

10/1/1966 Nigerian mutinous troops & civilians attack Ibos

10/22/1966 Laotian air force coup fails

10/30/1966 Failed military coup in Venezuela

11/3/1966 Official state of siege in Guatemala with violence from left & right

11/7/1966 A few people killed in demo. in New Delhi against killing cows

11/21/1966 Failed coup in Togo

11/28/1966 Successful coup in Burundi against King Ntare V

12/4/1966 8 killed in 3 days of rioting in Macau against police brutality

1966 Arif Abdul Razzak fails in coup in Iraq

Civil War in Aden

1967 Israelis kill 1K Egyptian POWs 1

1967 Khymer Peasants revolt in Cambodia

1968 Mexico massacres students in Tlatelolco.

1968 Coup in Mali; Traore succeeds Keita

1968 Cambodian tribal uprising

1968 USSR invades Czechoslovakia

7/17/1968 Baaths have successful coup in Iraq

1968-98 Northern Ireland unrest 3.6

3/2/1-9/969 @Isle of Damasky USSR & China fight 1,000’s 3

8/1969 Belfast Protestant & Catholic policemen fight each other

1969 Malaysian riots 0.2

7/14/1969 Soccer War between Honduras & El Salvador 4

9/1970 Jordanians kill 5K to 10K Palestinians in Jordan 7.5

1970-1975 Khymer Rouge in Cambodia 3000

1970's 300K Ethiopians fight Somalis in Ogadan Desert

3/1971-9/1971 Revolt in Sri Lanka

3/26/1971-12/16/1971 War between India & Pakistan

1/1971-7/1976 Idi Amin seizes power in Uganda 300

1972 Civil War in Rwanda 5-8

1973-1994- Nagaland rebels fight India

3/1973-1975 Kurds rebel in Iraq

4/1972-5/1973 Burundian Tutsi massacre Hutu (180-210) 195

5/1972 Revolt against French in Madagascar

10/6/1973 Yom Kippur War

7/15-22/1974 Civil strife in Cyprus

1974 Haile Salassie overthrown in Ethiopia

1974-1981 Saharan War with Morocco

1974-1990- Timorese Civil War in Indonesia (90K-100K-200K) 145

1975-1983 Lebanese Civil Wars 100-300

War between Libya & Chad

1975-5/1991 Civil War in Angola MPLA vs. UNITA 350

- 3/1978 Civil War in Zimbabwe 6

1976 Bloody coup in Thailand

1976 Military Coup in Argentina 5

1977-1988 Ethiopians fight Somali rebels

1978 Burundian Tutsi massacre Hutu 33

1978 Iraqis crack down on Communists in Iraq

1978-1979 Vietnam invades Cambodia

11/18/1978 @Jonestown 911 cultists died in Guyana 0.9

8/1979 Coup in Equatorial Guinea

12/20/1979-1989 Afghan War between USSR & Afghans 1300

1978-12/16/1979 Iranian Revolution ~200

1979 Riots in Liberia 0.04

1979 Shiite revolts in East Baghdad slums

1979-3/29/79 Brief war between two Yemens

1/18/1979 Cent. Afr. Reb. soldiers kill students 0.1

1979 @Mecca Wahabi (Sunni) revolt at the Great Mosque

1979/1980 Shiite riots & demonstrations in Saudi Arabia

-1992- Civil War in Mozambique

Polisario Unrest in Morocco & Algeria

Falkland Islands War between UK & Argentina

250K China fight 68K Vietnamese 70

1977-1979 Civil War in Nicaragua 30

Kurdish unrest in Iraq

-1979 Idi Amin overthrown in Uganda

4/12/1980 Violent coup in Liberia Samuel K. Doe kills Tolbert

1980-1992 Civil War in El Salvador (57K vs. 9K) (70-75K) 75

Civil War in Ethiopia

1980-1992- Shining Path Rebels in Peru $22B 27

1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War 1M Iranians 550K Iraqis 1550

1980-1990 Iraqis kill 100K kurds and raze 4.5K villages (Dal. Morn. News 2/21/0)3 100K

1981 Failed Shiite coup in Bahrain

1982-1992- Sikhs fight in India 1992 2.3

1982 At the Sabra and Shatila camps just outside of Beirut,

Maronites kill 800 Palestinian refugees

1983-2003- Civil War in Sudan 3,000

1983-1995- Sri Lanka Civil War (1993-1995 16K) 34

10/1983 US invades Grenada

1984-1992- Kurdistan Workers Party revolt ;SE Turkey;140Kvs.10K 10

4/17/1986 US bombs Libya

US Invasion of Panama

Unrest in Philippines (10K Comm. guerrillas)

Drug War in Colombia

1987 Iranians fight in Mecca, Saudi Arabia 0.4

12/1987 Intifada in the Israeli occupied territories

1988-3/16/19 Azerbajani/Armenian Unrest In USSR 1

Revolution in Romania

1988 Burmese junta seizes power 1,000’s 3

1988 French & Kanaks fight in New Caledonia

3/16/1988 Iraqis kill 5K Kurdish civilians with chemical weapons 5

1988-1994- Bodo rebels in Assam terrorize non-Bodo 1

1989 Fighting between Senegalese & Mauritanians

-1989-1994- Muslim guerrillas fight in Kashmir 16

3/19889 Riots in Tibet suppressed 100 wounded 0.012

12/89-11/90 Civil War in Liberia 150

South African Unrest (1990 0.6K) >0.6

12/16/1989-1990 Freedom for Romania >0.3

-1991 New Khymer Civil War

10/1990-7/92 Massacres in Rwanda 500

Unrest in Burma

11/1991- Civil War in Somalia 30

8/2/1990-1991 First Persian Gulf War (147 U.S. battlefield deaths [Defense Dept.])

1/16/1991-2/28/91 Persian Gulf War 700K vs. 550 K (50-100k killed 75

1991 Russian crackdown in Lithuania

1991 Iraqi crackdown on Kurds

1991- Kurd & Shiite unrest in Iraq

1991 @Al Hillah, Iraq graves of 3K Saddam had killed during Shi’ite uprising 3

7/1991-7/1992- South Ossetians vs. Georgians 0.7 1.5K wounded

3/1992-7/1992- Trans-Dniester fighting 0.6

6/25/1991-1/3/1992 Serbian-Croatian War 10

1991 Troops on shooting spree in Zaire

1/3/1992-1/1994 Bosnian War 200

Combined two 2.2M homeless

3/1992-1994- Islamic Fundamentalist terrorists in Egypt .7K injured 0.385

~1992 Fighting in Togo

~1992 Taureg rebel in Niger & Mali

Spr/1992-1994- Terrorists in Algeria govt says 26,536 killed, 21k injured 74

1992 Qatar & Bahrain dispute

1992 Yemen & Saudi Arabia

1992 Iran & U.A.E. fight over Abu Mura

6/1992-8/22/94 Bosnian gov’t troops defeat Muslim renegade Fikret Abdic

10/1/1992 Saudis overrun Qatari post 0.002

10/1992 Abkhazia wants to secede from Georgia 0.2

10/6/1992 Iraqi & Turkish Kurds fight each other

12/6/1992 Hindus & Muslims fight in India 4.6 wounded 1.21

12/13/1992 Muslims kill Filipino villagers 0.040

12/13/1992 Topossa & Dongira kill Turkana in Kenya 0.089

12/21/92 Troops on shooting spree in Zaire

12/21/1992 Soldiers fight in Afghanistan 10

1/30/1993- Unrest in Togo

6/12/1993 Riots in Lagos, Nigeria after military refuses to honor vote 0.2

7/1993 Demonstration in Nigeria 0.1

10/8/1993 Russian Parliament building stormed 0.142

12/20/1993- Zapatista Revolt in Southeren Mexico

1/1/94-12/31/94 Shiite-Sunni violence in Pakistan 0.8

2/1994-2/1494- Fighting in Ghana 0.2

2/20/1994 Continued terrorism in Nicaragua

2/20/1994 Palestinian infighting in the Gaza strip

4/20/94 Fighting in Natal 0.15

~1994 Mass Bosnian Muslim grave found 7

4/20/94 Civil War in United Yemen 1K wounded 0.8

10/93-8/94- NE Indian Bodo people kill Muslim settlers 0.08

-1994- Khmer Rouge still fighting Cambodian gov’t

7/1994 Burmese army raids Mon village of Halockhani houses burned 0

7/1994- Terrorists try to derail Mideast peace process

1993-11/94- Revolt in Angola 80

11/3/1994- Revolt in Malakand, Province, Pakistan 0.005

11/6/1994 Iran launches missile attack against Mujahedeen

12/10/1994 Farah Aidid & Alili Mahdi Mohamed fight in Mogadishu 0.015

12/11/1994 Russian troops invade Chechen 1.3K Russain 20K Chech. 21.3

1995 Ecuador-Peru border dispute 0.023

1995 Caste fighting in India 0.032

1998-2003 Civil War in the Congo (Zaire). Laurent Kabila overthrows Joseph Kabila. 3M died, mainly hunger and disease

9/28/2000 Sharon visits the Temple Mount and the Intifada starts

2001-2004- Clashes in the province of Plateau, Nigeria 1

10/2002- Revolt in the Ivory Coast hundreds

10/2002 Fighting in Medellin, Colombia 0.025

10/14/2002 Muslim fundamdentalists set off bomb in nightclub in Bali. 300 injured 0.188

2002-10/18-2002 Tension between Pakistan and India over Kashmir 0

3/2004 Pakistani troops fight in S. Waziristan 0.075

3/29/2004 Attempted coup in Kinshasa Congo (very small number killed)


TOTAL 12,833,093.4

(thousands)

 

Possible Years of Peace Since 1790 B.C.

1789-1777 13

1759-1751 9

1748-1702 47

1699-1651 49

1649-1641 9

1639-1632 8

1629-1601 29

999-952 48

949-927 23

925-919 7

917-912 6

893-890 4

885 1

868-867 2

864-861 4

637-634 4

629-628 2

618-617 2

602 1

592 1

590 1

586 1

573-571 3

569 1

566-561 6

544 1

542-541 2

538-536 3

532 1

530-529 2

527-526 2

523 1

520 1

518-514 5

127 1

120 1

117-116 2

98-97 2

95 1

28 1


TOTAL 308

Possible Years of Peace Since 1 A.D.

13 1

90-91 2

93 1

95-100 6

103-104 2

109-112 3

118-122 5

124-131 8

136-138 3

140-141 2

143-149 7


TOTAL 41

There were 187 possible years of peace in the last 3,600 years.

In 1968 Will and Ariel Durant estimated that only 268 out of 3,421 years have been free from war.

Case Histories

Sumerian city-state

Thirty Years War

Jihads and Crusades

Napoleonic Wars

American Revolution vs. example of British taxes and treatment of the Irish

American Indian Wars - Trail of Tears

U.S. Civil War

Spanish-American War

Opium War

Dutch Massacres in Indonesia

Observations

1. Which of these wars were really necessary?

2. Which wars would it be morally justified to fight on one side?

3. Should we even stop to think if fighting is justified, or should we always just follow our leaders?

4. What if you lived in a country where the leader went stark, raving mad, like Ivan the Terrible?

5. Would it ever be morally justified for two people to fight in the same war, on opposite sides?

6. Which wars would it not be morally justified to fight on either side?

7. What is your criteria for answering the above questions?

8. When is it morally justified to resist conquest? When not?

9. "For to conquer we must, for our cause it is just..." When is it morally justified to conquer? When not?

10. When is it morally justified to revolt? When not?

11. When is it morally justified to suppress revolt? When not?

12. What role do you think personal pride should play in deciding whether to fight?

13. What role do you think national dignity and pride should play in deciding whether or not to go to war

14. Many people decide whether or not to do things such as declare war, because:

15. Does God specifically command or prohibit the overall action (i.e. war) in the Bible?

16. Does killing in war violate any of God’s commands (i.e. murder, loving your neighbor, etc.)?