Pre-Nicene Teaching on Jesus’ Purpose Grid – July 2017 version

JESUS’ PURPOSE IN LIFE

 

Legend for Cells

p1. Jesus sent by the Father Jn 5:23,36; 6:44,57; 8:16; 17:18

p11. Bore our sins/infirmities 1Pet2:24; Heb10:11-12

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

p2. Jesus saved us/is our Savior Luke 2:11; John 4:42

p12. Jesus bore the curse for us Gal 3:13

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

p3. Jesus was tempted Mt 4:1-10;Mk1:13;Heb2:18;4:15

p13. Christ suffered shame/disgrace Heb 12:2

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

p4. Jesus suffered for us Mk 8:31 Lk 23:41; Heb 5:8; 1 Pet 1:11

p14. Jesus was a ransom Mt 20:20

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

p5. Christ is the end of/fulfilled the law. Rom 10:4; Heb 10:18

p15. Christ reconciled us to God  Rom 5:10-11

P = partial, ex: p10 Clement of Rome does not say “mediate” but helps/defends

p6. Jesus/Son of man Lord of Sabbath.Mt12:8;Mk2:28;Lk6:5

p16. Christ overcame/triumphed Rev 5:5

p7. Jesus is our Redeemer/redeemed us Tt 2:14; 1 Pet1:18

p17. Grace and truth by Jesus Christ Jn 1:17

- = no reference found

p8. Christ finished His work Jn 4:34; 5:36; (Implied) Jn 19:30

p18. Jesus revealed the Father to us Jn 1:18

X = Disagree

p9. Jesus forgives / remits sins/us.Lk7:48; Eph1:7; Rom6:23

p19. Jesus the paschal lamb  1 Cor 5:7

blank = not researched yet

p10. Mediator between God & man. Heb 9:15; 1 Tim 2:5

p20. Jesus baptized with H.S. & fire Mt 3:11;Lk3:16

Writer totals include W’s & I’s but not P’s

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, red=Christians persecuted, brown=Christians persecuting

Writer

Pages

Date A.D.

p1

p2

p3

p4

p5

p6

p7

p8

p9

p10

p11

p12

p13

p14

p15

p16

P17

p18

p19

p20

Nero and Domitian persecute Christians

50 & 95/96

est. 500K Christians. Labeled atheists; killed for refusing to worship emperor/idols

Clement of Rome (wrote 1 Clement)

16 ¼

97/98

-

W

-

W

-

P

-

-

W

P

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

Papias of Hierapolis, disciple of John

2

95-110

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“Presbyters” (Papias?)

½

95-117

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ignatius disciple of John (shortest version)

13

c.100-117

-

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Trajan persecutes Christians

107-117

Answered Pliny the Younger’s letter. Christians not hunted, but killed if found.

Didache (=Teaching of the Twelve Apostles)

4 ¾

before 125

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Apology of Aristides (Greek version)

4

125or138-161

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Quadratus of Athens fragment (apologist)

1/8

126

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Letter to Diognetus (=Mathetes to Diognetus)

5 ¼

c.130

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

Hadrian persecutes Christians and Jews

118 & 134

Hadrian loved Greek culture, and he persecuted both Jewish & Christian people.

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

29

70-135

-

W

-

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bar Cochba persecutes Christians

135

Christians persecuted in Israel because they would not join Bar Cochba’s revolt.

Epistle of Barnabas

12 ½

100-150

-

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p52, p104, p87  5, 5, 4 verses (Jn, Mt, Philemon)

-138,100-150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p46 Chester Beatty II - (70%) Paul, Heb (1,680 verses)

100-150

P

W

W

W

W

-

W

-

W

W

I

W

W

W

W

I

-

-

W

-

p98 Revelation 1:13-2:1 (9 verses)

150?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 Clement (anonymous writer)

5 ¾

c.150

-

W

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Polycarp, disciple of John, to the Philippians

3 ½

100-155

-

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Apostolic fathers totals: all symbols except P’s

67.5

-155

0

8

0

5

0

0

1

0

4

0

2

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

Gospel of Mary (ms. p463 is 200-250 A.D.)

1

2nd century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Shepherd of Hermas

46 ½

c.160

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Justin Martyr, philosopher and apologist

137

c.138-165

W

W

W

W

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

I

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

Evarestus’ Martyrdom of Polycarp

5

c.169

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Marcion of Pontus, pupil of Cerdo/Cerdon. Apelles & Prepon from Marcion.

before 170-

Gnostics believed Creator was evil/foolish, rejected Old Test., mixed in paganism.

Menander then Satorninos/Saturnilus (ascetic Gnostics)

c.150-4th cen.

Cerdo & Menander from Simon in Acts. Encratite Gnostics came from Saturnilus.

Dionysius of Corinth (wrote against Marcion)

1/3

170

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tatian's Diatessaron

86

died 172

W

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

W

P

W

-

W

W

-

W

W

W

-

W

Tatian. Encratite Gnostic later

18

died 172

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

Basilides & his pupil Isidorus, changed from Menander 's teaching

2.5

132-135, 4th

-

-

-

X

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sethians/Borborites (libertine Gnostics)

20

?-4th century

W

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Hermetic Gnostics (no mention of Christ)

6

?-4th century

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Valentinians including Heracleon, Colorbasus, Marcus, & Ptolemy

23+12

c.150-4th cen.

-

-

-

W/X

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

Other gnostics: Cainites, Carpocrates, Docetics, Peretae, Cerinthus, Dositheus, Monoimus, Hermogenes, Marcillinians, Melchisedecians, Nicolaus, Ophites, Secundus/Epiphanes

37

c.150-4th century

P

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p66 Bodmer II Papyri - 92% of John (817 verses)

c.125-175

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

-

-

p4 Luke 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1,6-7; 3:8-4:2,29-32,34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16 p64 Mt 26:7-8,10,14-15,22-23,31-33 p67 Mt 3:9,15; 5:20-22,25-28 (95 verses)

c.150-175

-

P

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

p90 Jn 18:36-19:7 (11 verses)

c.175

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Christians of Vienna and Lugdunum (Lyons)

6 ½

177

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Athenagoras (apologist)

33 ½

177

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Persecution of Marcus Aurelius

162/166-180

Aurelius was a Stoic philosopher. Persecution mainly in Gaul ended when he died

Claudius Apollinaris of Hierapolis

½

160-177/180

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Melito/Meleto of Sardis (Quartodecimian)

11

170-177/180

-

W

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

P

-

Hegesippus (chronicler, against Gnostics)

2 ½

170-180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Rhodon (against Marcion and Apelles)

½

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Theophilus of Caesarea

1/8

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Theophilus of Antioch ( to Autolycus)

32

168-181/188

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ebionite Clementine Homilies (Law, Father, Son)

123 ½

-188-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ebionite Letter of Peter to James

2

-188-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ebionite Letter of Clement to James

4 ½

-188-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Christians warning about Ebionites

1

182-325

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Irenaeus Proof of Apostolic Preaching

22.75

c.160-202

-

-

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Irenaeus of Lyons, disciple of Polycarp

262

182-188

W

W

W

W

W

-

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

-

W

W

W

W

-

W

Gospel of Peter (Serapion finally against this)

2

180-190

-

-

-

X

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Maximus of Jerusalem -wrote on origin of evil

5

185-196

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Polycrates of Ephesus (Quartodecimian)

½

196

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Akhmin Apocalypse of Peter (Greek)

2

100-200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p32 (=P. Rylands 5) Titus 1:1-15; 2:3-8 (21 verses)

150-200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p77 Mt 23:30-39 (10 verses)

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p23 James 1:10-12, 15-18 (7 verses)

ca.200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Passion of the Scillitan Martyrs -died 180 A.D.

¾

180-202

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Caius and the Muratorian Canon

3

190-217

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sabellian heresy (Praxeas, Noetus)

c.200-257-

Patripassians believed Father, Son, & Spirit were one person.

Zephyrinus & Callistus of Rome (adoptionists)

199-222

God came upon the human man Jesus. Callistus excommunicated Sabellius.

Persecution of Septimus Severus

202

est. 2M Christians. A Christian helped him when ill, but didn’t repeal existing laws

Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas

7

c.201/205

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Acts of Paul and Thecla (Tertullian said faked by a presbyter)

6

before 207

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Romans kill first known martyrs in Britain

209

Alban, Julius, and Aaron were formerly thought killed in 304/5 A.D.

Serapion of Antioch (against Marcion)

1/3

191/200-210

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Minucius Felix (The Octavius)

25

210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Apollonius of Ephesus (against Montanists)

1

c.210

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Clement of Alexandria Stromata

245.75

193-202

-

W

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Clement of Alexandria Protorepticus

34.75

c.195

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

Clement of Alexandria (remainder)

109

193-217/220

-

W

-

W

W

-

W

-

W

W

-

-

-

W

-

W

W

-

W

-

Tertullian (joined the Montanist Church)

736

198-220

W

W

W

W

-

W

W

-

-

W

-

W

-

W

W

W

-

W

W

W

Tertullian’s 5 Books Against Marcion

194

207/8

-

W

-

W

W

W

W

-

W

P

W

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

-

Tertullian: On Monogamy, On Modesty

41.25

213

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p75 Lk 3:18-22; etc. Jn 1:1-11:45,etc. (1,166 verses)

175-225

W

W

W

W

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

0189 Acts 5:3-21 (earliest N.T. parchment) (19 verses)

175-225

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p45 Chester Beatty I, Four gospels + Acts (833 verses)

200-225

W

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

Green Collection #425 Rom 9:18-21 some Rom 10

early 3rd

-

-

-

-

?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p29 Acts 26:7-8,20 (3 verses), p30 1 Th 4:12-13,16-17, 5:3,8-10,12-18,25-28; 2 Th 1:1-2; 2:1,9-11 (25 verses)

ca.225

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ebionite Recognitions of Clement

134

211-231

-

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

Bardaisan/Bardesan of Syria (heretical). Against Marcion & Valentinus.

11 ½

154-224/232

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Asterius Urbanus (against Montanists)

2 ¾

c.232

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Elchasaite Ebionites (said Jesus God’s Son)

2 ¼

before 235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Justin the Gnostic's Book of Baruch

2.5

188-235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Naaseni Gnostics & their Gospel of Thomas

3+6

188-235

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Hippolytus, pupil of Irenaeus (undisputed)

218

222-235/6

-

W

-

W

-

-

W

W

W

W

-

-

W

W

W

W

-

-

W

W

Maximim persecutes Christians

235-238

First empire-wide persecution, but only of clergy. It stopped when he was killed.

Narrative of Zosimus

4 ½

before 240

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Theodotus the probable Montanist

7 ¾

ca.240

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

Instructions of Commodianus

16

c.240

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Julius Africanus (undisputed writings)

9

232-245

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ebionite Protoevangelium of James

6

145-248

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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Heraclas of Alexandria 1st to be called a pope

 

232-249

Siricius c.384-399 was the 1st Roman bishop to be called a pope

"Revised Valentinian" Tripartite Tractate

11

200-250

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p13 Heb 2:14-5:5;10:8-22;10:29-11:13 ;etc. 114 verses

225-250

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W

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I

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p5 Jn 1:23-31,33-40; 16:14-20;20:11-17,19-20,22-25

early 3rd

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Martyrdom of the Holy Martyrs

1 ½

before 250

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p1 Mt 1:1-9,12,14-20 (17 verses)

250

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p22 Jn 15:25-16:2; 16:21-32 (17 verses)

c.250

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p80 Jn 3:34 (1 verse) p95 Jn 5:26-29,36-38 (7 verses)

3rd century

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Nag Hamadi Apocalypse of Peter

2 ½

3rd century

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pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity

5¾ + 5

3rd century

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Acts of Xanthippe, Polyxena, and Rebecca

12 ½

mid 3rd cent?

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Alexander of Cappadocia (Clem. A’.s pupil)

¾

233-251

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Sentences of Sextus (partial)

2

before 253

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Origen (heterodox teacher)

562

225-253/254

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Origen’s Prayer, Exhortation to Martyrdom

180

233-235

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W

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W

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P

P

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Severe persecution by Decius and Gallus

250-251 - 253

1st Christian schism. Can fallen Christians return, or doomed forever –Novatian

Novatian (his schism lasted over 200 years)

38 ½

250/254-257

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Anonymous Treatise Against Novatian

6 ½

254-256

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Anonymous Treatise on Rebaptism

11

c.250-258

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Cyprian of Carthage (against Novatian)

250 ¾ 

c.246-258

W

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W

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Roman church leaders (letters 2,29,30)

1+4 ¾

250-251

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Lucian et al. (letters 16, 21)

7/8

250-251

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Caldonius to Cyprian (letter 18)

3/8

250-251

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Celerinus to Lucian (letter 20)

1 ¼

250-251

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Moyses, et al. to Cyprian (letter 25)

2 ½

250

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Cornelius to Cyprian (letters 45,47)

2 ½ 

c.246-256

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Maximus, et al. to Cyprian (letter 49)

¼

c.246-256

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Firmilian of Caesarea to Cyprian (letter 74)

7 ¼

256

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Nemesianus, et al. to Cyprian (letter 77)

¾

254-257

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Lucius and the brethren to Cyprian (letter 78)

½

254-257

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Felix & the rest of the martyrs to Cyprian (79)

¼

254-257

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Seventh Council of Carthage (85 bishops)

7 ¼

258

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Pontius’ The Life and Passion of Cyprian

7 ½

after 258

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Valerian persecutes Christians

257-260

2nd most severe persecution. Tolerant at first, but then Macrianus influenced him.

Theognostus of Alexandria (Origenist)

½

260

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Gregory Thaumaturgus (undisputed works)

28 ½

240-265

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Dionysius of Alexandria (Origenist)

39 ½

246-265

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Dionysius of Rome (Against the Sabellians)

1

259-269

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Malchion. One of 70 bishops at the Council of Antioch deposing Paul of Samosata

2 ½

270

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Aurelian Persecution

270

At first tolerant, Aurelian died soon after he decided to persecute Christians.

Paul of Samosata, deposed bishop of Antioch

260-272

Adoptionist Monarchian, said the Logos entered into Jesus at baptism.

p37, p49/65, p53 34, 29/19, 23 verses (Mt, Acts, Paul)

225-275

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Pierius of Alexandria (fragment)

½

275

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Mani & Manichaean writings (Augustine left this) Manes/Mani's father was an Elchasaite.

5+17+

240-c.500

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Anatolius of Alexandria (mathematician)

7 ½

270-280

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p106 Jn 1:29-35,40-46 (14 verses), p107, p108, p109, p111, p113, p114 (3+7+6+5+3+6 verses)

3rd century

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p9 1 Jn 4:11-12,14-17, p35, p69, p101 (6,8,9,18 verses)

3rd century

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W

?

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?

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?

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p20 Jms2:19-3:9, p27/p40 Rom1:24- (17, 30, 29 verses)

3rd century

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2W

P

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Chester Beatty IX-X (Septuagint Ezekiel, Dan, Esther) Ezek 36:1-23b; 38-39; 37; 40-48; Susanna, etc.

3rd century

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p47 (= Chester Beatty III) 31% of Revelation. Rev 9:10-11:3; 11:5-16:15; 16:17-17:2 (similar to Sinaiticus)

c.250-300

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p115 Rev 2:1-3,13-15,27-29; 3:10-12; 5:8-9; 6:5-6; 8:3-8,11-13; 9:1-5,7-16,18-21; 10:1-4,8-11; 11:1-5,8-15,18-19; 12:1-5,8-10,12-17; 13:1-3,6-16,18; 14:1-3,5-7,10-11, 14-15,18-20; 15:1,4-7 (119 verses) (similar to A & C)

c.250-300

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p28 Jn6:8-12,17-22 (11 verses), p110 Mt10:13-15,25-27

late 3rd cent.

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p70 Mt 2:13-16;2:22-3:1;11:26-27;12:4-5;24:3-6,12-15

late 3rd cent.

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p15/p16 1 Cor 7:18-8:4; Php 3:10-17; 4:2-8 (42 verses)

late 3rd cent.

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P

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p17 Hebrews 9:12-19 (8 verses)

late 3rd cent.

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