Nicea to Ephesus Teaching Errors and Disputed Parts – Aug. 2017 version

ERRORS CHRISTIANS DO NOT BELIEVE TODAY

DISPUTED PARTS MANY DO NOT FOLLOW

Legend for Cells

e1. Incorrect references to Bible verses

d1. Miracle healings in post-Acts church

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

e2. Misquoted or unknown Bible verses

d2. Seventy Septuagint translators -

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

e3. Over-allegorical Bible interpretation

d3. God is simple or not composite -

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

e4. Four elements make up the world

d4. God is impassable (without passion) -

M = Mixed: some agree, others would not

e5. Atoms do not really exist

d5. Some fallen angels sinned with women -

P = partial ex: Irenaeus: Gnostics wrong to say Savior not killed since impassible

e6. Errors on the hyena, phoenix, or other animals

d6. Against jewelry or false/dyed hair(part.)1Pet3:3

e7. Errors on geography or tribes

d7. Christians must fast on certain days -

- = no reference found (so far)

e8. Collective guilt of the Jews

d8. No drinking or eating blood Acts 15:29; 21:25

X = Disagree

e9. Errors on people

d9. No worshipping true God through images Dt

blank = not researched yet

d11. Prophecy in the church after Acts

d10. Prophets proclaimed two advents of Christ

Writer totals include W’s & I’s but not P’s

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, green=heresy, orange=schism, red=persecution of Christians, purple=Catholics persecute, brown=other Christians persecute

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

e1

e2

e3

e4

e5

e6

e7

e8

e9

d11

d1

d2

d3

d4

d5

d6

d7

d8

d9

d10

Council of Nicea I vs. Arians (c.318 bishops)

3

May-Jun 325

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Persian king Shapur II persecutes Christians

315,325-381

Persian Christians double-taxed after Constantine became a Christian. Violent persecution after 325. In Mesopotamia alone 1,150 Christians killed.

Persian Shapur II attacks Christian Lakhmid Arabs

325

In retaliation for prior raids into Persia, 60,000 soldiers kill everyone in al-Hera.

Juvencus (wrote a commentary: The Gospels)

 

329

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eustathius of Antioch (against Origen)

< 1/4

323-337

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eusebius of Caesarea (leader at Nicea)

c.404

318-339/340

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

W

W

I

P

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

Marcellus of Ancyra (Trinity only for a time)

 

c.336 & 340

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synod of Antioch in Encaeniis (97 bishops)

3 ½

summer 341

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Asterius the Sophist (Arian)

 

c.341

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mild Arian Creed of Antioch

1

c.341/344

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Sardica (Greek) (church discipline)

5

343/344

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Aphrahat/Aphraates, Select Demonstrations

67 ¼

337-345

-

W

W

-

-

-

W

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

The Macrostich Creed (very detailed)

2

344/345

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Firmicus Maternus On the Error of Profane Religions. God rewards persecuting pagans.

 

348

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Poem on the Passion of the Lord

1

315-350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity. 1 & 2

5¾ + 5

3rd century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mandaean writings (said Jesus a false prophet)

3.5

>350?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Vaticanus (B) Most OT, all NT to Heb 9:15. (6,979 verses)

325-350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

Sinaiticus (Aleph) Almost all of NT ½ of OT

340-350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

p25 Mt 18:32-34; 19:1-3,5-7,9f (8.5 verses)

350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p62 Mt 11:25-30 (6 verses)

350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p86 Mt 5; p88 Mk 2; p89 Heb 6

350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p120 Jn 1; p123 1 Cor 14-15

350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p126 Heb 13:12-13:19-20; p127 Acts 10-17

350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p8, p10, p71 (29, 6, 4 verses)

4th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

058, 0169, 0185, 0188, 0242

4th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

Vercelli (Latin a)

4th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

Amon

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apostolic Canons

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyrillones, Syriac poet Six Hymns

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustus of Milevis/Milevum (Manichaean)

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hegemonius of Sirmium Acts of Archelaus (Disputation with Manes)

58.75

4th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

Philo of Carpasia, Cyprus

½

4th century

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1st Council of Sirmium (Greek creed)

1 ½

351

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Julius I of Rome. said Marcellus was Trinitarian

 

352

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ammonas (Origenist, a founder of monasticism)

 

340-348/353

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore of Heraclea

 

c.330-355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Arminium, Nicene/Arian compromise

½

355

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Synod of Seleucia in Isauria

1/5

357/358

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

 

Eusebius of Emesa, astronomer, math. bishop

 

c.359/360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potamius of Lisbon, Portugal

 

c.350-360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jews forbidden to set foot in Jerusalem

325-361

Constantine forbids Jews to be in Jerusalem. Julian later rescinds this decree.

Arian Roman Emperor Constantius

337-353-361

Orthodox bishops were banished, and Athanasius had to go into hiding.

Arian Creed of Nica in Thrace

½

356-361

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life of Antony (perhaps by Athanasius)

26.5

356-362

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Arian Candidus’ Two Letters to Marius

c.4

359-362

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marius’s Reply to Candidus (partial)

c.8

359-362

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyrillones Syriac poet Six Hymns

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nemesius of Emesa, Phoenicia

 

late 4th cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julian the Apostate again makes paganism the official Roman religion

361-363

Roman emperor Julian tries to restore paganism until he dies in battle against the Persians. Valentinian becomes emperor in the west, Arian Valens in the east.

Christians killed in Alexandria and Gaza

361-363

Emperor Julian shows some toleration, yet permits persecution of Christians.

Arian Acacius of Caesarea (liked Eusebius of Caesarea, against Cyril of Jerusalem)

 

366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hilary of Poitiers (taught Martin of Tours)

226.5

355-367/368

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

 

Theodore of Tabennesi

 

died 368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae

 

350-370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cheltenham Canon (=Momson Catalogue)

 

360-370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arian Roman Valens kills Christians in east

370

Valens is finally killed in battle by the Goths, who had converted to Arianism.

Messalians (Adelphius & Alexander the Sleepless)

370-1231

Nothing matters except prayer, which became their idol. Condemned at Ephesus.

Eusebius of Vercelli (persecuted by Arians)

 

c.345-370/371

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athanasius of Alexandria (partial)

424

325-373

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

I

-

-

 

Optatus of Milevis (converted by Augustine)

 

364-375

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athanaric persecutes Orthodox Visigoths

369-376

After converting to Arianism, Athanaric persecuted Orthodox Christians.

Titus of Bostra

 

before 378

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ephraim/Ephrem, Syrian hymn-writer (partial)

161.25

350-378

 

 

W

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Felix II replaces banished Roman bishop Liberius

354-365

Liberius banished by Constantius II for refusing to condemn Athanasius.

Fighting: Damasus I vs. Ursinus as Roman bishop

366-378

Emperor sends in troops to stop the fighting. 137 of Ursinus' followers killed.

Macedonius, Pneumatomachian patriarch of Constantinople

342-379

Expelled and tortured Novatianist and Orthodox Christians in Greece and the Balkans. Dug up the corpse of Constantine I.

Macrina, younger sister of Basil/Greg. Nyssa

 

c.327-379

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basil of Cappadocia (Origenist) (partial)

326

357-378/379

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zeno of Verona (90 sermons)

 

362-380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sapor II persecutes Christians in Persia

380

Heliodorus, Dosa, Ia, and 8K-9K others killed

Apostolic Constitutions

 

c.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orsiesius/Orsisius of Tabenna

 

c.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustinus of Rome, Luciferian, On the Trinity

 

ca.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Filastrius Against All Heresies

 

ca.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synod of Laodicea (in Phrygia) (undisputed)

4.5

343-381

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Gangra -vs. Eustastius of Sabaste

1 1/3

345-381

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

Meletius of Antioch (taught Diodore)

 

381

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Council of Constantinople -150 bishops

3.75

381-382

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Council of Rome under Damasus I

 

382

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eunomius of Cyzicus (extreme Arian)

c.8

360-c.383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bachiarius Libellis de Fide

 

ca.383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ambrosiaster

 

c.384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philastrius of Brescia Catalog of Heresies

 

c.384/381-397

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genuine Acts of Peter of Alexandria

 

after 384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacob of Nisibis

 

305-385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Elvira, Spain

 

359-385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonian and Priscillian heresies

c.383, 385

Macedonians denied H.S. a being. Priscillian denied Jesus God. killed 385 A.D.

Priscillian

 

385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyril of Jerusalem (cross over Jerusalem)

154

c.349-386

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Damasus I of Rome against Arian Nica Creed

2

c.386-389/384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians burn down Valentinian Gnostic chapel

388

At the Byzantine outpost of Callinicum in Iraq

Ambrose of Milan (Against Arianism)

446.25

370-390

 

 

W

 

 

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

Tyconius of Africa, On the Apocalypse (Donatist)

 

370-380/390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apollinaris the Younger of Laodicea (former friend of Basil, later denied Jesus had a soul)

 

died 390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marcian

 

390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Nazianzen (leader at Constant.)

275

330-391

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pacian of Barcelona (a gainst Novatianists)

c.19

342-379/392

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fortunatus

 

392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phoebadius

 

after 392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diodore (taught Chrysostom & Theodore)

 

c.360-390/394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Constantinople, under Nectarius

1

394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonians (=Pneumatomachians) deny the Holy Spirit is a distinct being.

 

342-395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emperor Theodosius I persecutes Jews, Arians, & Macedonians (=Pneumatomachians)

379-395

Allowed the burning of synagogues. Jews could no longer serve in official positions.

Ausonius

 

395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Nyssa (Origenist)

495

c.356-397

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

Didymus the blind (Origenist, against Pneumatomachians)

 

398

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lucifer of Cagliari/Calaris, Sardinia

 

361-c.399,370

Orthodox beliefs except wouldn’t accept back repentant Arian/semi-Arian clergy

Evagrius Ponticus (monk)

 

c.381-399

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Siricius (first to be called Pope in Rome)

 

c.384-399

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syriac Book of Steps (Liber Graduum)

c.189

320/350-400

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syriac Doctrine of Addai

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p85 Rev 9-10, p82 Lk 7

400

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p19 Mt 10-11;

400

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p50 Acts 8,10; p51 Gal 1 (13, 15 verses)

400

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p117 2 Cor 7; p122 Jn 21

400

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p21 Mt 12:24-26,32f (8 verses)

4/5th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p57 Acts4:36-5:2; 5:8-10 (7 verses)

4/5th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

Freer Gospels (W)

4/5th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

p21, p57 (8, 7 verses)

4/5th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

 

-

-

Codex Bobiensis (Latin k) Mt 1:1-15:36, Mk, Lk, Jn

4/5th century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

-

 

-

-

Fastidus (Britain)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hyperechius (Mt, etc.)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timothy of Alexandria

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximinus

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximus of Turin

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petilian/Petilianus (Donatist)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonnus (Gospel of John paraphrase)

 

early 5th cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epiphanius of Salamis (wrote on 80 heresies)

 

360-403

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

Amphilochius of Iconium (against Pneumatomachians)

 

c.345-398/404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flavian of Antioch

 

404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prudentius, poet of Tarraconensis, Spain

 

before 405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pope Innocent I of Rome

 

ca.405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rufinus, translator and historian (Origenist)

88

374-406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gaudentius of Brescia (Donatist, 21 sermons)

 

after 406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mesrop Mashtotz translates the Bible into Armenian

after 406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theotimos

 

407

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Chrysostom (partial)

~3000

-407

W

W

W

 

 

 

W

W

 

 

 

W

 

W

 

W

 

 

W

W

Chromatius of Aquileia

 

407

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severian of Gabala/Jableh (Chrysostom's foe)

150+

398-408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asterius of Amasea

 

c.410

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Nestorian Synod (Seleucia-Ctesiphon)

410

Called by bishop Mar Isaac. Affirmed the Nicene Creed. Said the bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon on par with Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, & Rome.

Violent persecution of and by Donatist sects

411

Augustine protested the harshness of Emperor Honorius’ persecution.

Theophilus of Alexandria

 

412

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Niceta of Remesianus, Serbia

c.63

366-c.415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (against Priscillian)

c.20

414-418

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pelagius (said humans were born neutral)

 

416-418

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter from Paula & Eustochium to Jerome

 

before 419

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Carthage (218 bishops)

39

393-419

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mazdeans persecute Christians in Persia

419

 

Sulpicius/Sulpitius Severus (pupil of Martin)

116 ½

363-420

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jerome (pupil of Gregory Nazianzen) (partial)

~500

373-420

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Palladius’ Lausiac History (short recension)

 

419-420

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Council of Vaison

 

422

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2nd Nestorian Synod (Synod of Yahallaha I)

420

 

3rd Nestorian Synod (Markabta of Tayyaye)

424

Synod of Dadyeshu

Sozomen’s Ecclesiastical History

89

370/380-425