Nicea to Ephesus Teaching on Apologetic and Polemic Evangelism – Oct. 2017 version

APOLOGETICS AND EVANGELISM

POLEMIC EVANGELISTIC METHODS

Legend for Cells

a1. Answering questions of others   Mk 10:17-21; Lk 12:14-17

h1. Debate and argument in witnessing Acts 18:28

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

a2. Using questions Mk 12:35-37; Lk 6:33-34,38,41,42,46

h2. Do no throw pearls before swine Mt 7:6

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

a3. Showing misconceptions/contradictions Gal 2:14

h3. Call other beliefs delusion/madness 2 Th 2:11

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

a4. Ps 110 refers to Christ Mt 22:44; Acts 1:34-35

h4. Apologetic use of Plato’s Timaeus -

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

a5. Nature witnesses to God Ps 19; Rom 1:18-20

h5. Apologetic use of Jupiter’s tomb ~Tt1:12

P = partial,

a6. Appeal to science -

h6. Pointing out adulteries of Greek gods -

a7. First Cause (cosmological arg.) (partial) Isa 43:10-

h7. Humor in witnessing  Acts 26:29

- = no reference found (so far)

a8. Only one is supreme Isa 40:13,14,25

h8. Harsh rebuke in witnessing Mt 23:33; Gal 1:6-9

X = Disagree

a9. Appeal to historians  Josh 10:13; 2 Sam 1:18

h9. Calling people names. Mt 23:25,33; Lk3:7; Jn8:55

blank = not researched yet

a10. Morality vs. evil in other religions Lev 20:2-5

h10. Ridicule and sarcasm in witnessing 1 Ki 18:27

Writer totals include W’s & I’s but not P’s

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, red=Christians persecuted, purple=Catholics persecute, brown=other Christians persecute

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

a1

a2

a3

a4

a5

a6

a7

a8

a9

a10

h1

h2

h3

h4

h5

h6

h7

h8

h9

h10

Council of Nicea I vs. Arians (c.318 bishops)

3

May-Jun 325

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P

-

-

Persian king Shapur II  persecutes Christians

315,325-381

Persian Christians double-taxed after Constantine became a Christian. Violent persecution after 325. In Mesopotamia alone 1,150 Christians killed.

Persian Shapur II attacks Christian Lakhmid Arabs

325

In retaliation for prior raids into Persia, 60,000 soldiers kill everyone in al-Hera.

Juvencus (wrote an epic poem: The Gospels)

 

329

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

W

 

-

-

-

 

 

W

 

Eustathius of Antioch (against Origen)

< 1/4

323-337

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eusebius of Caesarea (leader at Nicea)

c.404

318-339/340

W

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

W

W

W

W

Marcellus of Ancyra (Trinity only for a time)

 

c.336 & 340

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synod of Antioch in Encaeniis (97 bishops)

3 ½

summer 341

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Asterius the Sophist (Arian)

 

-c.341

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mild Arian Creed of Antioch

1

c.341/344

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

Council of Sardica (Greek) (church discipline)

5

343/344

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

P

-

Aphrahat/Aphraates, Select Demonstrations

67 ¼

337-345

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

The Macrostich Creed

2

344/345

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Julius of Rome (supported Athanasius)

9

339 & 346

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Firmicus Maternus On the Error of Profane Religions. God rewards persecuting pagans

26

346/348

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Poem on the Passion of the Lord

1

315-350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity. 1 & 2

5¾ + 5

3rd century

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mandaean writings (said Jesus a false prophet)

3.5

>350?

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Vaticanus (B) Most OT, all NT to Heb 9:15. 6,979 verses

325-350

W

W

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

I

W

W

Sinaiticus (Aleph) Almost all of NT ½ of OT

340-350

W

W

W

W

W

-

 

 

 

 

W

W

W

-

-

-

W

W

W

 

p25 Mt 18:32-34; 19:1-3,5-7,9f (8.5 verses)

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p62 Mt 11:25-30 (6 verses)

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p86 Mt 5; p88 Mk 2; p89 Heb 6

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p120 Jn 1; p123 1 Cor 14-15

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p126 Heb 13:12-13:19-20

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p8, p10, p62, & p71 (29, 7, 6, & 4 verses)

4th century

W

2W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

058, 0169, 0185, 1088, 0242

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

Vercelli (Latin a)

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

Amon

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apostolic Canons

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyrillones, Syriac poet Six Hymns

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustus of Milevis/Milevum (Manichaean)

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hegemonius of Sirmium Acts of Archelaus (Disputation with Manes)

58.75

4th century

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

Philo of Carpasia, Cyprus

½

4th century

-

-

-

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1st Council of Sirmium (Greek creed)

1 ½

351

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Julius I of Rome. said Marcellus was Trinitarian

 

352

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ammonas (Origenist, a founder of monasticism)

 

340-348/353

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore of Heraclea

 

355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Arminium, Nicene/Arian compromise

½

355

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

Synod of Seleucia in Isauria

1/5

357/358

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eusebius of Emesa, astronomer, math. bishop

 

c.359/360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potamius of Lisbon, Portugal

 

c.350-360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jews forbidden to set foot in Jerusalem

325-361

Constantine forbids Jews to be in Jerusalem. Julian later rescinds this decree.

Arian Roman Emperor Constantius

337-353-361

Orthodox bishops were banished, and Athanasius had to go into hiding.

Arian Creed of Nica in Thrace

½

356-361

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life of Antony (possibly by Athanasius)

26.5

359-362

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

Arian Candidus’ Two Letters to Marius

c.4

359-362

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marius’s Reply to Candidus (partial)

c.8

359-362

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyrillones Syriac poet Six Hymns

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nemesius of Emesa, Phoenicia

 

late 4th cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julian the Apostate again makes paganism the official Roman religion

361-363

Roman emperor Julian tries to restore paganism until he dies in battle against the Persians. Valentinian becomes emperor in the west, Arian Valens in the east.

Christians killed in Alexandria and Gaza

361-363

Emperor Julian shows some toleration, yet permits persecution of Christians.

Arian Acacius of Caesarea (liked Eusebius of Caesarea, against Cyril of Jerusalem)

 

366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hilary of Poitiers (taught Martin of Tours)

226.5

355-367/368

W

W

P

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

I

W

W

W

-

-

-

W

-

W

Theodore of Tabennesi

 

died 368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae

 

350-370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cheltenham Canon (=Momsen Catalogue)

0.25

360-370

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Arian Roman Valens kills Christians in east

370

Valens is finally killed in battle by the Goths, who had converted to Arianism.

Messalians (Adelphius & Alexander the Sleepless)

370-1231

Nothing matters except prayer, which became their idol. Condemned at Ephesus.

Eusebius of Vercelli (persecuted by Arians)

 

c.345-370/371

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athanasius of Alexandria (partial)

415

325-373

W

W

W

W

W

-

-

-

W

W

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

Optatus of Milevis (converted by Augustine)

 

364-375

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athanaric persecutes Orthodox Visigoths

369-376

After converting to Arianism, Athanaric persecuted Orthodox Christians.

Titus of Bostra

 

before 378

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ephraim/Ephrem, Syrian hymn-writer (partial)

161.25

350-378

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Felix II replaces banished Roman bishop Liberius

354-365

Liberius banished by Emperor Constantius II for refusing to condemn Athanasius.

Fighting: Damasus I vs. Ursinus as Roman bishop

366-378

Emperor sends in troops to stop the fighting. 137 of Ursinus' followers killed.

Macedonius, Pneumatomachian patriarch of Constantinople

342-379

Expelled and tortured Novatianist and Orthodox Christians in Greece and the Balkans. Dug up the corpse of Constantine I.

Macrina, younger sister of Basil/Greg. Nyssa

 

c.327-379

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basil of Cappadocia (Origenist) (partial)

326

357-378/379

W

W

 

 

 

W

 

 

W

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

W

 

Zeno of Verona (90 sermons)

 

362-380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sapor II persecutes Christians

380

Heliodorus, Dosa, Ia, and 8K-9K others killed

Apostolic Constitutions (from the Didascalia)

 

c.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orsiesius/Orsisius of Tabenna

 

c.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustinus of Rome, Luciferian, On the Trinity

 

ca.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Filastrius Against All Heresies

 

ca.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synod of Laodicea (in Phrygia) (undisputed)

4.5

343-381

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Council of Gangra -vs. Eustastius of Sabaste

1 1/3

345-381

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Meletius of Antioch (taught Diodore)

 

381

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Council of Constantinople -150 bishops

3.75

381-382

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Council of Rome under Damasus I

 

382

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eunomius of Cyzicus (extreme Arian)

c.8

360-c.383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bachiarius Libellis de Fide

 

383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ambrosiaster (Latin)

 

After 384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philastrius of Brescia Catalog of Heresies

 

c.384/381-397

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genuine Acts of Peter of Alexandria

 

after 384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacob of Nisibis

 

305-385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Elvira, Spain

 

359-385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonian and Priscillian heresies

c.383, 385

Macedonians denied H.S. a being. Priscillian denied Jesus God. killed 385 A.D.

Priscillian

 

385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyril of Jerusalem (cross over Jerusalem)

154

c.349-386

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

Damasus I of Rome against Arian Nica Creed

2

c.386-389/384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christians burn down Valentinian Gnostic chapel

388

At the Byzantine outpost of Callinicum in Iraq

Ambrose of Milan (partial, Against Arianism)

446.25

370-390

 

W

 

W

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

W

 

Tyconius of Africa, On the Apoc. (Donatist)

 

370-380/390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apollinaris the Younger of Laodicea (former friend of Basil, later denied Jesus had a soul)

 

died 390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marcian

 

390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Nazianzen (leader at Constant.)

275

330-391

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pacian of Barcelona

c.23

342-379/392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fortunatus

 

392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phoebadius

 

After 392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diodore

 

Before 394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Constantinople, under Nectarius

1

394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonians (=Pneumatomachians) deny the Holy Spirit is a distinct being

 

342-395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emperor Theodosius I persecutes Jews, Arians, & Macedonians (=Pneumatomachians)

379-395

Allowed the burning of synagogues. Jews could no longer serve in official positions.

Ausonius

 

395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Nyssa (Origenist)

495

c.356-397

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philastrius of Brescia (disputed with heretics)

 

381-397

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Didymus the blind (Origenist, against Pneumatomachians)

 

398

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luciferian Schism -Lucifer of Cagliari,Sardinia

 

361-c.399

Orthodox beliefs, except would not accept back repentant Arian/Semi-Arian clergy

Evagrius Ponticus (monk)

 

c.381-399

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Siricius (first to be called Pope in Rome)

 

c.384-399

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epitaph of Pectorius

0.125

100-400

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Syriac Book of Steps (Liber Graduum)

c.189

350-400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syriac Doctrine of Addai

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p85 Rev 9-10

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p19 Mt 10-11

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p50 Acts 8,10; p51 Gal 1 (13, 15 verses)

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p117 2 Cor 7; p122 Jn 21

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p21 Mt 12:24-26,32f (8 verses)

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p57 Acts4:36-5:2; 5:8-10 (7 verses)

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

p135 Gal 3:21-22,28-29; 4:31-5:6; 5:10-15

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Freer Gospels (W)

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

Codex Bobiensis (Latin k) Mt 1:1-15;36; Mk, Lk, Jn

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

Fastidus (Britain)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hyperechius (Mt, etc.)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timothy of Alexandria

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximinus

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximus of Turin

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petilian/Petilianus (Donatist)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonnus (Gosel of John paraphrase)

 

early 5th cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epiphanius of Salamis (wrote on 80 heresies)

 

360-403

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amphilochius of Iconium (against Pneumatomachians)

 

c.345-398/404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flavian of Antioch

 

404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prudentius of Tarraconensis, Spain (poet)

 

before 405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pope Innocent I

 

ca.405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rufinus, translator and historian (Origenist)

88

374-406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gaudentius of Brescia (Donatist, 21 Sermons)

 

after 406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mesrop Mashtotz translates the Bible into Armenian

after 406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theotimos

 

407

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Chrysostom (partial)

~3000

-407

W

W

 

W

W

 

 

 

W

 

W

W

W

 

 

W

 

W

W

 

Chromatius of Aquileia

 

407

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severian of Gabala (Chrysostom's foe)

150+

398-408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asterius of Amasea

 

c.410

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Nestorian Synod of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

410

Called by bishop Mar Isaac. Affirms the Nicene Creed. bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon on par with Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, and Rome.

Violent persecution of and by Donatist sects

411

Augustine protested the harshness of Emperor Honorius’ persecution.

Theophilus of Alexandria

 

412

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Niceta of Remesianus, Serbia

c.63

366-c.415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orosius/Hosius of Braga (against Priscillian)

c.20

414-418

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pelagius

 

416-418

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter from Paula & Eustochium to Jerome

 

before 419